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Zándoki, E., Sződi, S., Turóczi, G. (2005): Mycelial compatibility of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum strains of different area. Acta Phytopathol. Entomol. Hung. , 40 , 295–301. Turóczi G

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Abstract  

Compatibility is an important safety aspect related to the production and storage of energetic materials. To test different combinations of materials a simple test method with clear criteria is advisable. At the last ESTAC the use of microcalorimetry and the vacuum stability test for the compatibility testing of propellants were presented. This paper presents DSC, DTA/TG and (pressure) vacuum stability test results for the same combination. For three polymers (PMMA, PVC and CA) the results for all tests are the same. Only Nylon-6/6 gives a variable result for the different test methods.

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Abstract  

A useful alternative to the standard techniques described by the North American Treaty Organization STANAG 4147 for determining thermal compatibilities of an energetic with other materials could be a simple 2-gram scale Differential Thermal Analysis (2gDTA). The 2gDTA system consists of samples introduced into standard size test tubes inserted into a controlled aluminum-heating block. Relatively inexpensive thermocouples are used for both temperature control and data collection. Cost of the entire system is much less than any commercial DSC. Since valuable instrumentation need not be protected, the 2gDTA allows thermal decomposition reactions to proceed to complete runaway, mimicking the true worst-case scenario.

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Abstract  

The compatibility of some technically important polymer blends, namely BR/NR, NR/NBR and CR/NBR, has been investigated using the DSC method. In addition, dynamic mechanical measurements have been carried out for the NR/NBR blends over the frequency range of 10−4 Hz –200 Hz and temperatures ranging from −70 to +70°C. The results obtained show that the three rubber blends are not compatible over the entire composition range as proven by the DSC and mechanical measurements. By analyzing the heat capacity increases at the glass transitions of the separate phases in the NR/BR blend, it was possible to suggest the presence of a limited compatibility at the boundaries of the two phases. By comparing this work with prior measurements, it was possible to conclude that the calorimetric method is a more efficient tool for the study of compatibility of polymer blends when compared to ultrasonic and viscosity methods. Furthermore, it was found that polymers that show compatibility when measured with an ultrasonic method could behave compatible, semicompatible or incompatible when analyzed by DSC. On the other hand, blends that show incompatibility by the ultrasonic method are always incompatible by the DSC method.

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Abstract  

Compatibility is an important property for energetic materials and their additives such as a casing material or a binder. If these substances are incompatible an extra risk is introduced in handling and storage of ammunition and explosives. As part of a co-operation program between the Dutch TNO-PML and the Polish MIAT several compatibility tests are performed and compared with each other. All tests are performed according to a NATO Standard in which several tests are described which can be used to determine the compatibility of an energetic material and an additive. These tests were performed on a huge set of energetic materials e.g. propellants (single and double base), explosives (RDX, PETN, HMX and TNT) and several additives like Teflon, polypropylene, self-burning case, inhibitors etc. The results of pressure vacuum stability tests, dynamic thermogravimetry measurements and differential scanning calorimetry tests with several combinations of energetic materials and additives used during the co-operation program are presented and discussed.

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-alawi 2001 Compatibility of repair mortars with concrete in hot-dry environment Cement and Concrete Composites 23 93 101

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Abstract  

This paper demonstrates the application of thermal analysis in compatibility and stability studies between an ACE inhibitor (enalapril maleate) and excipients. The results have helped to elucidate the reason of a stability problem observed during the storage of enalapril maleate tablets. Incompatibility between enalapril maleate and colloidal silicon dioxide was detected. Besides, it was confirmed that the reaction between enalapril maleate and NaHCO3 increases the thermal stability of the drug. This study supports the importance of using thermoanalytical methods in the development of pharmaceuticals.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: M. Łaszcz, B. Kosmacińska, K. Korczak, B. Śmigielska, M. Glice, W. Maruszak, A. Groman, H. Beczkowicz, and Ł. Żelazko

Abstract  

Differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis with the support of X-ray powder diffraction and infrared spectroscopy were used as screening techniques for the compatibility testing of imatinib mesylate, with following excipients: magnesium stearate, polyvinylpyrrolidone, microcrystalline cellulose. In order to maximize the probability of interactions 1:1 (by mass) drug: excipient binary mixtures were analysed and compared to individual components. Additionally an influence of storage at temperatures of 25 and 40°C on physico-chemical stability on drug – excipient binary mixtures was investigated. The largest visible changes were observed in the DSC curves of imatinib mesylate – magnesium stearate mixtures.

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Abstract  

Chemical compatibility of two drugs, namely, etamsylate and fluconazole was studied with lactose as excipient, employing differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The DSC patterns recorded for the mixtures of both the drugs with the common excipient (lactose) indicated that fluconazole as well as etamsylate were incompatible with lactose at high temperatures. X-ray diffraction patterns recorded for pure drugs and lactose and the mixtures of individual drugs with lactose prepared at room temperature by intimate grinding of the components revealed incompatibility of both the drugs with lactose also at room temperature.

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Abstract  

Captopril (CAP) was the first commercially available angiotensine-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. In the anti-hypertensive therapy is considered the selected drug has to be therapeutically effective together with reduced toxicity. CAP is an antihypertensive drug currently being administered in tablet form. In order to investigate the possible interactions between CAP and excipients in tablets formulations, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric (TG) analysis completed by X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were used for compatibility studies. A possible drug-excipient interaction was observed with magnesium stearate by DSC technique.

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