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Abstract  

The complexes of rare earth bromides with alanine, REBr33AlanH2O (RE=Ce, Pr, Sm, Eu, Gd and Tb, n=3; RE=Dy and Y, n=2.5 Ala=alanine), were prepared and characterized by means of chemical analysis, elemental analysis, molar conductivity, thermogravimetry, IR spectra and X-ray diffraction. The thermal decomposition in N2 of these complexes was studied by means of TG-DTG techniques from ambient temperature to 1000C. During heating, the hydrated complexes of Ce, Pr and Y lose waters in one step, but the hydrated complexes of Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb and Dy lose waters in two steps. Then anhydrous complexes lose 2.5 alanine molecules except the complexes of Eu which lose three alanine molecules. Apparently, only be complex of Eu has an intermediate, EuOBr. All complexes finally decompose to oxides.

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Thermal dissociation reactions and mechanism of complexes of rare earth(iii) nitrates with the crown ether benzo-15-crown-5 were investigated by means of TG-DTG, DSC, DTA and IR technique. The results have shown that the dissociation processes of the complexes consist of several steps, one of which is a fast decomposition reaction. The fast decomposition peak temperatures (DSC) of all the complexes of the lanthanides (except Pm and Tm) decrease regularly with increasing atomic number. Moreover, values of the enthalpy change of desolvation, fast and the fourth step of decomposition and the apparent activation energies of fast and the fourth step of decomposition were obtained.

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Abstract  

Rare earth element 3-methyladipates were prepared as crystalline solids with general formula Ln2(C7H10O4)3nH2O, where n=6 for La, n=4 for Ce,Sm–Lu, n=5 for Pr, Nd and n=5.5 for Y. Their solubilities in water at 293 K were determined (2⋅10–3–1.5⋅10–4 mol dm–3). The IR spectra of the prepared complexes suggest that the carboxylate groups are bidentate chelating. During heating the hydrated 3-methyladipates lose all crystallization water molecules in one (Ce–Lu) or two steps (Y) (except of La(III) complex which undergoes tomonohydrate) and then decompose directly to oxides (Y, Ce) or with intermediate formation of oxocarbonates Ln2O2CO3 (Pr–Tb) or Ln2O(CO3)2 (Gd–Lu). Only La(III) complex decomposes in four steps forming additionally unstable La2(C7H10O4)(CO3)2.

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Abstract  

The conditions of the formation of rare earth(III) 2,5-dihydroxybenzoates have been studied; their compositions and solubilities in water at 293 K have been determined. The IR spectra of the anhydrous complexes with the general formula Ln(C7H5O4)3 have been recorded and their thermal decompositions in static air determined. During heating the anhydrous complexes of Y, Pr-Lu decompose to the oxides Ln2O3, Pr6O11 and Tb4O7 with formation of the intermediate Ln2(C7H4O4)3. The lanthanum complex decomposes to the oxide in three steps forming La2(C7H4O4)3 and La2O2CO3 as intermediates and the Ce(III) complex decomposes directly to CeO2. The properties of rare earth 2,5- and 2,4-dihydroxybenzoates have been compared.

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Abstract  

Stability constants for the lanthanide elements complexes with tetracycline were determined by the methods of average number of ligands, the two parameters and by weighted least squares. The technique of solvent extraction was applied to obtain the values of the parameters required for the determination of the constants.

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Abstract  

The complexes of yttrium and lanthanide with 1,1-cyclobutanedicarboxylic acid of the formula: Ln2(C6H6O4)3nH2O, where n=4 for Y, Pr–Tm, n=5 for Yb,Lu, n=7 for La, Ce have been studied. The solid complexes have colours typical of Ln3+ ions. During heating in air they lose water molecules and then decompose to the oxides, directly (Y, Ce, Tm, Yb) or with intermediate formation. The thermal decomposition is connected with released water (313–353 K), carbon dioxide, hydrocarbons(538–598 K) and carbon oxide for Ho and Lu. When heated in nitrogen they dehydrate to form anhydrous salt and next decompose to the mixture of carbon and oxides of respective metals. IR spectra of the prepared complexes suggest that the carboxylate groups are bidentate chelating.

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Abstract  

Rare-earth perchlorate complex coordinated with glycine [Nd2(Gly)6(H2O)4](ClO4)6�5H2O was synthesized and its structure was characterized by using thermogravimetric analysis (TG), differential thermal analysis (DTA), chemical analysis and elementary analysis. Its purity was 99.90%. Heat capacity measurement was carried out with a high-precision fully-automatic adiabatic calorimeter over the temperature range from 78 to 369 K. A solid-solid phase transformation peak was observed at 256.97 K, with the enthalpy and entropy of the phase transformation process are 4.438 kJ mol−1 and 17.270 J K−1 mol−1, respectively. There is a big dehydrated peak appears at 330 K, its decomposition temperature, decomposition enthalpy and entropy are 320.606 K, 41.364 kJ mol−1 and 129.018 J K−1 mol−1, respectively. The polynomial equations of heat capacity of this compound in different temperature ranges have been fitted. The standard enthalpy of formation was determined to be −8023.002 kJ mol−1 with isoperibol reaction calorimeter at 298.15 K.

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Abstract  

The two complexes, [Ln(Ala)2(Im)(H2O)](ClO4)3 (Ln=Pr, Gd), were synthesized and characterized. Using a solution-reaction isoperibol calorimeter, standard enthalpies of reaction of two reactions: LnCl3⋅6H2O(s)+2Ala(s)+Im(s)+3NaClO4(s)=[Ln(Ala)2(Im)(H2O)](ClO4)3(s)+3NaCl(s)+5H2O(l) (Ln=Pr, Gd), at T=298.15 K, were determined to be (39.260.10) and (5.330.12) kJ mol–1 , respectively. Standard enthalpies of formation of the two complexes at T=298.15 K, Δf H Θ m {[Ln(Ala)2(Im)(H2O)](ClO4)3(s)} (Ln=Pr, Gd), were calculated as –(2424.23.3) and –(2443.43.3) kJ mol–1 , respectively.

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Abstract  

The two complexes, [RE(Gly)4(Im)(H2O)](ClO4)3(s)(RE = Eu, Sm), have been synthesized and characterized. The standard molar enthalpies of reaction for the following reactions, RECl3·6H2O(s)+4Gly(s)+Im(s)+3NaClO4(s) = =[RE(Gly)4(Im)(H2O)](ClO4)3(s)+3NaCl(s)+5H2O(l), were determined by solution-reaction colorimetry. The standard molar enthalpies of formation of the two complexes at T = 298.15 K were derived as Δf H m Θ {Eu(Gly)4(Im)(H2O)}(ClO4)3(s)} = = −(3396.6±2.3) kJ mol−1 and Δf H m Θ {Sm(Gly)4(Im)(H2O)}(ClO4)3(s)} = −(3472.7±2.3) kJ mol−1, respectively.

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Abstract  

The thermal decomposition behaviour of the complexes of rare earth metals with histidine: RE(His)(NO3)3 H2O (RE=La—Nd, Sm—Lu and Y; His=histidine) was investigated by means of TG-DTG techniques. The results indicated that the thermal decomposition processes of the complexes can be divided into three steps. The first step is the loss of crystal water molecules or part of the histidine molecules from the complexes. The second step is the formation of alkaline salts or mixtures of nitrates with alkaline salts after the histidine has been completely lost from the complexes. The third step is the formation of oxides or mixtures of oxides with alkaline salts. The results relating to the three steps indicate that the stabilities of the complexes increase from La to Lu.

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