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Abstract  

In this research, thermal characterization and kinetics of Karakus crude oil in the presence of limestone matrix is investigated. Thermogravimetry (TG/DTG) is used to characterize the crude oil in the temperature range of 20-900C, at 10C min -1 heating rate using air flow rate of 20 mL min -1. In combustion with air, three distinct reaction regions were identified known as low temperature oxidation (LTO), fuel deposition (FD) and high temperature oxidation (HTO). Five different kinetic methods used to analyze the TG/DTG data to identify reaction parameters as activation energy and Arrhenius constant. On the other hand different f(α) models from literature were also applied to make comparison. It was observed that high temperature oxidation temperature (HTO) activation energy of Karakus crude oil is varied between 54.1 and 86.1 kJ mol -1, while low temperature oxidation temperature (LTO) is varied between 6.9 and 8.9 kJ mol -1.

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Combustion characteristics of crude oil-limestone mixtures

High pressure thermogravimetric analysis and their relevance to in-situ combustion

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: M. Kök, R. Hughes, and D. Price

Abstract  

High pressure thermogravimetric analysis (HPTG) was used in order to study the oxidation of crude oil in a porous medium under pressurised conditions for simulation of in-situ combustion during oil recovery. Three distinct reaction regions were observed from the HPTG curves in an oxidising environment subjected to a constant heating rate. These were low temperature oxidation, fuel deposition and high temperature oxidation. The method of Coats and Redfern was used to obtain kinetic parameters and the results are discussed.

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Abstract  

In this study the combustion characteristics of crude oils (Karakuę and Beykan) in the presence of a limestone matrix were determined using the thermogravimetry (TG/DTG). Experiments were performed at a heating rate of 10C min-1, whereas the air flow rate was kept constant at 10 L h-1 in the temperature range of 20-900C. In combustion with air, three distinct reaction regions were identified in all crude oil/limestone mixtures studied known as low temperature oxidation (LTO), fuel deposition (FD) and high temperature oxidation (HTO). The individual activation energies for each reaction region may be attributed to different reaction mechanisms, but they do not give any indication of the contribution of each region to the overall reactivity of the crude oils. Depending on the characteristics, the mean activation energy of samples varied between 50.3 and 55.8 kJ mol-1.

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Abstract  

In this research, the effect of different lithology (limestone and sandstone) on the combustion of light crude oils was investigated using thermal analysis techniques. Three distinct reaction regions were identified in all of the crude oil+limestone and sandstone mixtures, known as low temperature oxidation (LTO), fuel deposition (FD) and high temperature oxidation (HTO), respectively. Kinetic analysis of the crude oil+limestone and sandstone mixtures was performed using Coats and Redfern method and the results are discussed.

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Abstract  

In this research, non-isothermal kinetics and feasibility study of medium grade crude oil is studied in the presence of a limestone matrix. Experiments were performed at a heating rate of 10°C min−1, whereas the air flow rate was kept constant at 50 mL min−1 in the temperature range of 20 to 600°C (DSC) and 20 to 900°C (TG). In combustion with air, three distinct reaction regions were identified in all crude oil/limestone mixtures, known as low temperature oxidation (LTO), fuel deposition (FD) and high temperature oxidation (HTO). The activation energy values were in the order of 5–9 kJ mol−1 in LTO region and 189–229 kJ mol−1 in HTO region. It was concluded that the medium grade crude oil field was not feasible for a self-sustained combustion process.

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During the process of the offshore development, seabed pipeline is an important infrastructural facility with huge investment, and its safety should be ensured. The seabed pipeline may stop transporting the crude oil during operation, and the

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Introduction In order to fit in with the changing of the crude oil market, the projects of increasing the storage of the crude oil were executed in the oil field. There were a lot of large crude oil tanks in the oil field, as

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Agbogidi, O. M., Eruotor, P. G. and Akparobi, S. O. (2007): Effects of crude oil levels on the growth of maize (Zea mays L). — Amer. J. Food Technol. 2 : 529–535. Akparobi S. O. Effects

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Abstract  

This paper investigates the minimum oil content necessary for self-sustained combustion, which is introduced as a criterion for the selection of suitable reservoirs for in-situ combustion processes. Differential scanning calorimetry was used to determine the heat values of oil-limestone mixtures. The minimum temperature required for the total consumption of the fuel was obtained by thermogravimetry (TG/DTG). The minimum amount of oil necessary to sustain combustion was calculated from these two parameters and compared with the oil content of the reservoir. Reservoirs with an oil content greater than or equal to this minimum value were considered feasible. It was seen that the fields examined are generally not suitable for in-situ combustion processes.

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( Danio rerio ) exposed to water-soluble fraction of crude oil. Env. Res. 107 , 362–370. Brakstad G. O. Modulation of steroidgenesis and xenobiotic biotransformation response in

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