As Mary Beard has demonstrated, the term ‘foreign’ in relation to Roman religion does not have an ethnic connotation but is rather a social construction. While there is no doubt that the cults considered here had
inscriptions in the form I.O.M.D. 3 The Dolichenus epithet is often referred to in a different way, however, for example: Dolichenius, Dolychenus, Dolochenus, Dolicenus, Dolcenus, Dulcenus, Dolucens. To date, more than 450 inscriptions of the cult have
Dorcey 1992 P. F. Dorcey : The Cult of Silvanus: a study in Roman folk religion . New York 1992 .
Dušanic 1971 S. Dušanic : Heterokliticko metalli u natpisima rudnickog novca [Eteroclitico metalli nelle iscrizioni sulle monete delle miniere
. 1954 : Juno S.M.R. Eranos 52 , pp. 105 – 119 .
Dumézil , G. 1974 : Religion romaine antique . Paris
Garman , A. G. 2008 : The Cult of the Matronae in the Roman Rhineland: An Historical Evaluation of the Archaeological Evidence . Lewiston
The article is devoted to the analysis of the historiographical background of the category of the so-called oriental cults/oriental religions created in the 19th century and developed by Franz Cumont. We discuss the role of this term in 20th-century historiography with the focus on the works of Tadeusz Zieliński that are important to the reception of the oriental cults metaphor. We argue that the concept of oriental cults/oriental religions in its original version is not an effective or useful research tool. However, as a historiographical concept it has fulfilled its role in a threefold way: firstly, it drew scholars’ attention to the vitality of ancient religious experience, secondly, it established the fact that Roman religion was a living organism, naturally adapted to changing political, social and cultural conditions, thirdly, it helped to understand the principles behind the construction of metaphors in the academic discourse.
canon. 2 This study’s objective is to analyze the use of cultic verbs in the VL Book of Daniel (Dn) in all its pluriformity, and in Jerome’s translations of the Greek additions. This Old Testament book, transmitted along with the preceding story of
. Second Edition. London : Pluto Press .
F riedson , Steven M. 2009 : Remains of Ritual: Northern Gods in a Southern Land . London : The University of London Press .
F iawoo , Dziigbodi Kodzo . 1968 : From Cult to ‘Church’: A Study of Some