The Late Bronze Age cemetery of Sárbogárd-Tringer-tanya is located in the northern part of the town of Sárbogárd in Central Hungary. This cemetery detail with 13 pits of relocated cremation burials were discovered during a rescue excavation in 1960. Based on their pottery and bronze grave goods, these burials have been dated to the Bz C2-D1 and Bz D2-Ha A1 periods. While in graves belonging to the early phase of the cemetery, forms and decorations of the pottery tradition characteristic of the Tumulus Culture can be observed, vessels and bronze items typical of the eastern Alpine and Bakony regions during the Early Urnfield period were placed in younger graves. A wide variety of connections can be traced on the items of the graves of Sárbogárd; connections with the Slovakian Vorčaka-Čaka Culture in western direction, with the Blučina-Horizon in southern direction, with the Baierdorf-Velatice Culture in the eastern Alpine region, with the Csorva Group in the Hungarian Plain, with the Late Tumulus-Early Urnfield Period in the southern area of Transdanubia, with the sites of Oloris and Doljni Lakos in Slovenia, and with the cemeteries of Virovitica and Sirova Katalena in Croatia. These parallels prove that some features of the Bakony Group spread southwards and south-eastwards.
The Hegykő cemetery (and the Hegykő group) has strong ties with the 6th-century cemeteries of Lower-Austria both regarding its material culture and its funerary rites, and thus any interpretation must be set in this context. The comparative analysis of the cemetery’s two grave groups sheds light on the tendency that the community using the cemetery gradually acculturated to the population using the 6th-century cemeteries of Pannonia.
Authors:Katalin Priskin, Gyöngyvér Tömöry, Erika Bogácsi-Szabó, Bernadett Csányi and I. Raskó
Raczky, P., Meier-Arendt, W., Kurucz, K., Hajdú, Zs., Szikora, A. (1994) A late neolithic settlement in the Upper Tisza region and its culturalconnections (Preliminary report).
Yearbook of Jósa András Museum Nyíregyháza 36
Upper Tisza Region and its culturalconnections (Preliminary report – Polgár Csőszhalom) (Egy késő neolithikus lelőhely hatása a Felső-Tisza vidéken és annak kulturális összefüggései). JAMÉ 36, 231-240.
Renfrew, C. 1986 Varna
.–Kurucz, K.–Hajdú, Zs.–Szikora, Á. 1994 Polgár-Csőszhalom. A Late Neolithic settlement in the Upper Tisza Region and its culturalconnections. Preliminary report (Polgár-Csőszhalom. Egy késő neolitikus lelőhely kutatása a Felső-Tisza-vidéken és annak
. et al. 1994 Raczky, P.–Meier-Arendt, W.–Kurucz, K.–Hajdú, Zs.–Szikora, Á.: Polgár-Csőszhalom. A Late Neolithic settlement in the Upper Tisza Region and its culturalconnections. Preliminary Report. JAMÉ XXXVI, 231
Bánffy 1996c = E. Bánffy: Vinča impacts on late neolithic/early chalcolithic Transdanubia. In: The Vinča culture. Its role and culturalconnections. Timişoara 1996, 323-334.
Berciu 1961 = D. Berciu: Contributii la problemele
Contact Zone: Middle Bronze Age CulturalConnections in the Valley of the Black River (Covasna County, Romania) , In: N émeth , R. – R ezi , B. (eds): Bronze Age Chronology in the Carpathian Basin . Proceedings of the International Colloquium from