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The Primošten vineyards are recognised as a typical Mediterranean cultural complex. In the historical sense, however, the Neolithic, paleomediterranean and ancient Greek elements are distinctive as well. The vineyards are almost exclusively planted with red grapes of the babić variety. As the cultivation of vines and wine production require introducing new technologies, the question of the future of the traditional cultivation and protection of the Primošten vineyards arises. As this is not only a matter of cultural heritage, but also of man’s intervention in nature, the author explains the need for a holistic approach to the protection of this heritage — the cultural landscape.

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Shepherd Folks in Balaton Country] . Budapest : Franklin-Társulat . Máté , Gábor 2009 A kultúrtáj változásának aspektusai Kárászon [Aspects of the Changes to the Cultural Landscape in Kárász] . In Andrásfalvy , Bertalan – Vargyas , Gábor (eds

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A ciprusi kérdés ismertetésének aktualitását az adja, hogy a koppenhágai alapelveknek megfelelő, csatlakozásra javasolt hat állam között szerepel Ciprus. Ez több problémát vet fel, melynek kifejtésére és megvilágítására vállalkozik e tanulmány._t

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. Uses of Heritage 2006 Stevens , Christine 2009: Reshaping the Cultural Landscape, in: Folk Life , 47,1, 106–114. Stevens C. Reshaping the Cultural Landscape

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Concert visits with the music class: A Salzburg case study

A Cooperation project with varying goals, tasks and expectations

Author: Andreas Bernhofer

Abstract

Many European cities offer a vivid cultural landscape and numerous live-music opportunities. Some of the events aim at young audiences and develop cooperation projects with schools (Schwanse, 2003). The Schools@Concerts research project focuses on long-established cooperation projects between schools and concert hosts and tries to give insights into the structure of them. This article describes the Salzburg single case study, where besides the music teacher, the school students and the concert host also a didactics course from the music teacher training at the university is involved. By collecting data with interviews and questionnaires with all participating partners, the research group tries to outline the different roles within the cooperation project and compares the varying goals, tasks and expectations of the participating partners.

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Grasslands play an important role in terms of biodiversity, landscape and agriculture. For 25 years, the Bavarian agri-environment scheme (AES) “Agricultural landscape program” (KULAP) has been funding management practices which are intended to conserve cultural landscapes and enhance biodiversity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the Bavarian AES schemes in terms of plant diversity. As AES is divided into many different, clearly divergent schemes, each of these schemes was evaluated separately. The evaluation focussed not only on species richness but also on other diversity parameters such as the presence of rare and common species, the percentage of species group members and the evenness as well as agronomic values such as forage value, percentage of agronomically desirable species or percentage of weeds. In order to achieve this goal, we selected about 950 pairs of grassland plots with and without AES. Differences in species richness between AES and control plots were most significant in the site related AES schemes and organic farming, whereas plots with other farm related AES schemes hardly differed from their controls. Obviously, schemes which really demand management changes on the part of the farmer have a definite effect on plant species diversity in grasslands compared to those which closely resemble conventional management.

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Species richness is a widespread measure to evaluate the effect of different management histories on plant communities and their biodiversity. However, analysing the phylogenetic structure of plant communities could provide new insights into the effects of different management methods on community assemblages and provide further guidance for conservation decisions. Heathlands require permanent management to ensure the existence of such a cultural landscape. While traditional management with grazing is time consuming, mechanical methods are often applied but their consequences on the phylogenetic community assemblages are still unclear. We sampled 60 vegetation plots in dry sandy heathlands (EU habitat type 2310) in northern Germany stratified by five different heathland management histories: fire, plaggen (turf cutting), mowing, deforestation and intensive grazing. Due to the distant relationship of vascular plants and lichens, we assembled two phylogenetic trees, one for vascular plants and one for lichens. We then calculated phylogenetic diversity (PD) and measures of phylogenetic community structure for vascular plant and lichen communities. Deforested areas supported significantly higher PD values for vascular plant communities. We found that PD was strongly correlated with species richness (SR) but the calculation of rarefied PD was uncorrelated to SR leading to a different ranking of management histories. We observed phylogenetic clustering in the lichen communities but not for vascular plants. Thus, management by mowing and intensive grazing promotes habitat filtering of lichens, while management histories that cause greater disturbance such as fire and plaggen do not seem to affect phylogenetic community structure. The set of management strategies fulfilled the goals of the managers in maintaining a healthy heathland community structure. However, management strategies that cause less disturbance can offer an additional range of habitat for other taxonomic groups such as lichen communities.

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Rössler , Mechtild 2002: World Heritage Cultural Landscapes: Concept and Implementation Regional Thematic Expert Meeting on Vineyard Landscapes, in: UNESCO World Heritage Center — Secretariat of Hungarian World Heritage Committee ed. World Heritage Expert

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. [12] Taylor K. , St Clair A. , Mitchel N. Conserving cultural landscapes: Challenges and new directions , Routledge , New York

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Cultural Landscapes? Biodiversity and Conservation 24 : 3305 – 3327 . Barsi , Ernő 1987 Sály. Egy bükkalji falu a hagyományos gazdálkodás idején [Sály. A Village in Bükkalja at the Time of Traditional Farming] . Miskolc : Herman Ottó Múzeum

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