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Authors: Giacomo Grassi, Stefano Pallanti, Lorenzo Righi, Martijn Figee, Mariska Mantione, Damiaan Denys, Daniele Piccagliani, Alessandro Rossi and Paolo Stratta

capacity to delay rewards) only in obsessive–compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) patients, but not in OCD patients ( Pinto, Steinglass, Greene, Weber & Simpson, 2013 ). In addition, several neurocognitive studies report risky decision-making (preference

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Authors: Dar Meshi, Anastassia Elizarova, Andrew Bender and Antonio Verdejo-Garcia

overlap; for example, the striatum and amygdalae are smaller in both excessive SNS users and substance abusers ( He, Turel, Brevers, & Bechara, 2017 ; Suckling & Nestor, 2017 ). These brain regions compute value during decision making ( Bartra

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Authors: Maria Nikolaidou, Danaë Stanton Fraser and Neal Hinvest

, 2002 ), where they express biases in decision-making by ignoring the negative outcomes of their behavior. This has been linked with the maintenance of the addiction cycle ( Bechara & Damasio, 2002 ; Bechara, Dolan, & Hindes, 2002 ; Brand et al., 2005

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Behaviour Research & Therapy 43 2 215 228 . A. Bechara 2003 Risky business: Emotion, decision-making

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200 206 . A. Bechara H. Damasio 2002 Decision-making and addition (part I): Impaired

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a Dominance Structure: Towards a Process Model of Decision Making . Advances in Psychology . Vol. 14 . 343 – 369 . Montgomery , H. 1989 . From Cognition

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. 1998 . Decision Making: An Integrated Approach . London : Financial Times/Pitman . Jungermann , H. , Pfister , H.-R. & Fischer , K. 2005 . Die Psychologie der

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Feelings and consumer decision making: The appraisal-tendency framework Journal of Consumer Psychology (Lawrence Erlbaum Associates) 17 158 168

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– Védegylet – ESSRG, Budapest, 11–34. Laird, F. N. (1993): Participatory analysis, democracy, and technological decision making. Science, Technology and Human Values Vol. 18 No. 3, 341–361. May, J. (2006

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The starting point of this paper is the idea that trade unions and individual workers pay attention to wage settlements in similar sectors of the economy. The foundations of the concept of comparison wage can be found in other social sciences and also in the literature of psychological economics. Despite the fact, however, that comparison — or reference — wage enters the decision making of the union (i.e. the union utility function), the concept has not received much attention in connection with union decision making. In this paper, a union utility function is employed incorporating the concept of comparison wage. The analysis is conducted in a bargaining framework and the results show the effects on the optimal wage of important variables like comparison wage, unemployment benefit, union power and of the weight that the union places on the comparison wage.

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