Authors:Giacomo Grassi, Stefano Pallanti, Lorenzo Righi, Martijn Figee, Mariska Mantione, Damiaan Denys, Daniele Piccagliani, Alessandro Rossi and Paolo Stratta
capacity to delay rewards) only in obsessive–compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) patients, but not in OCD patients ( Pinto, Steinglass, Greene, Weber & Simpson, 2013 ). In addition, several neurocognitive studies report risky decision-making (preference
Authors:Dar Meshi, Anastassia Elizarova, Andrew Bender and Antonio Verdejo-Garcia
overlap; for example, the striatum and amygdalae are smaller in both excessive SNS users and substance abusers ( He, Turel, Brevers, & Bechara, 2017 ; Suckling & Nestor, 2017 ).
These brain regions compute value during decisionmaking ( Bartra
Authors:Maria Nikolaidou, Danaë Stanton Fraser and Neal Hinvest
, 2002 ), where they express biases in decision-making by ignoring the negative outcomes of their behavior. This has been linked with the maintenance of the addiction cycle ( Bechara & Damasio, 2002 ; Bechara, Dolan, & Hindes, 2002 ; Brand et al., 2005
– Védegylet – ESSRG, Budapest, 11–34.
Laird, F. N. (1993): Participatory analysis, democracy, and technological decisionmaking. Science, Technology and Human Values Vol. 18 No. 3, 341–361.
May, J. (2006
The starting point of this paper is the idea that trade unions and individual workers pay attention to wage settlements in similar sectors of the economy. The foundations of the concept of comparison wage can be found in other social sciences and also in the literature of psychological economics. Despite the fact, however, that comparison — or reference — wage enters the decision making of the union (i.e. the union utility function), the concept has not received much attention in connection with union decision making. In this paper, a union utility function is employed incorporating the concept of comparison wage. The analysis is conducted in a bargaining framework and the results show the effects on the optimal wage of important variables like comparison wage, unemployment benefit, union power and of the weight that the union places on the comparison wage.