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, 2002 ), where they express biases in decision-making by ignoring the negative outcomes of their behavior. This has been linked with the maintenance of the addiction cycle ( Bechara & Damasio, 2002 ; Bechara, Dolan, & Hindes, 2002 ; Brand et al., 2005

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Behaviour Research & Therapy 43 2 215 228 . A. Bechara 2003 Risky business: Emotion, decision-making

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Anja Kräplin
,
Stefan Scherbaum
,
Eva-Maria Kraft
,
Florian Rehbein
,
Gerhard Bühringer
,
Thomas Goschke
, and
Thomas Mößle

Introduction Although impaired inhibitory control and impulsive decision-making are clearly associated with substance-related and addictive disorders (ADs; e.g. Brand et al., 2019; Goldstein & Volkow, 2011; Goschke, 2014; Redish, Jensen, & Johnson

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. 1998 . Decision Making: An Integrated Approach . London : Financial Times/Pitman . Jungermann , H. , Pfister , H.-R. & Fischer , K. 2005 . Die Psychologie der

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: complex problem-solving, critical thinking, creativity, human management, cooperation, emotional intelligence, decision-making, service centricity, negotiations and cognitive flexibility. Contrary to the previous determination, the studies of others, e

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Monja Hoven
,
Alejandro Hirmas
,
Jan Engelmann
, and
Ruth J. van Holst

( Desender, Boldt, & Yeung, 2018 ), having too much confidence in one's choices could contribute to risky decision-making ( Hoven et al., 2022 ). While it has become clear that contextual cues, such as monetary incentives, can bias confidence, little is known

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Across Languages and Cultures
Authors:
Allison Beeby
,
Mónica Fernández
,
Olivia Fox
,
Amparo Albir
,
Inna Kozlova
,
Anna Kuznik
,
Wilhelm Neunzig
,
Patricia Rodríguez
,
Lupe Romero
, and
Stefanie Wimmer

The PACTE Group is carrying out empirical-experimental research into translation competence and its acquisition in written translation. The aim of this article is to present the results obtained for the translation competence indicator ‘Acceptability’ of translation products and the variable “Decision-making” in an experiment involving 35 expert translators and 24 foreign-language teachers. After a presentation of PACTE’s theoretical model of translation competence, the design of our research project is described (hypothesis, experimental universe and sample, variables, data collection instruments) followed by the results obtained for the indicator ‘Acceptability’ of subjects’ translations and, finally, the results obtained for the variable “Decision-making” are presented. The variable “Decision-making” evidences decisions made during the translation process which involve the use of automatic and non-automatic cognitive resources (internal support) and the use of different sources of documentation (external support). The indicators used to measure this variable are ‘Sequences of Actions’ and ‘Acceptability’. The results obtained shed light on the strategic and instrumental sub-competences of translation competence.

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Abstract

Recent research has focused on the role of emotion in decision-making. This study sought to build upon such work by examining whether individual differences in cognitive and emotional processes predict decision-making task performance. Thirty five participants (15 male; 20 female) completed the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) and the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART), and the following questionnaires: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Need for Cognition (NFC), Need for Affect (NAQ). Although participants generally demonstrated learning over time, F(4,136) = 11.98, p <.001, with differences (p <.005) between scores on Block 1 and the other Blocks, 28% scored in the impaired range (net score < 10) on the IGT. Participants within the moderately/severely depressed range on the BDI were poorer on the IGT (p <.05) and the BART (p <.05) than those not in this range. Psychological distress was associated with poorer decision-making on the IGT. Furthermore, individual difference variables were related to decision-making task performance. The study provides further evidence of the role of affect and individual differences in decision-making.

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This project investigates two young professional translators’ problem-solving and decision-making behaviour during revision processes. It sets out to qualitatively describe the complexity of interplay involved in problem-solving and decision-making in translation revision, using think-aloud protocols as a research method. The data I elicited suggest that, for a revision point to occur, the translator first has to find a translation problem. However, the translation problem itself can evolve over time in the revision process in either a divergent or convergent manner. In other words, a single translation problem can be subdivided into several smaller problems and be tackled individually. Meanwhile, the translator may choose to merge several problems into a single problem that requires a holistic problem-solving approach. In terms of decision-making, the translator does not generally verbalise his/her reasons for choosing a translation solution. Nevertheless, s/he has an appropriateness threshold in mind, so that s/he can judge and compare the appropriateness of translation choices and make a decision accordingly. A tentative model of end-revision problem-solving and decision-making has been produced to summarise the findings of this project.

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Giacomo Grassi
,
Stefano Pallanti
,
Lorenzo Righi
,
Martijn Figee
,
Mariska Mantione
,
Damiaan Denys
,
Daniele Piccagliani
,
Alessandro Rossi
, and
Paolo Stratta

capacity to delay rewards) only in obsessive–compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) patients, but not in OCD patients ( Pinto, Steinglass, Greene, Weber & Simpson, 2013 ). In addition, several neurocognitive studies report risky decision-making (preference

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