Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 2,466 items for :

  • "degradation" x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All

natural polymer from renewable resources, obtained from shell of shellfish, and a waste product of the seafood industry. It has a good biocompatibility property and degradable by enzymes to become oligosaccharide that can be easily absorbed. It forms an

Open access

Iron polymethacrylate was synthesized by free radical solution polymerization of methacrylic acid, followed by replacement of the carboxylic proton with iron. Thermal volatilization analysis and thermogravimetry were used to study its thermal stability from ambient temperature up to 500oC. The results reveal that ferric oxide is left as residue at the end of the thermal degradation experiments.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The process of thermal degradation of poly(vinyl chloride)/poly(methyl methacrylate-butadiene-styrene) (PVC/MBS) blends was investigated by means of isothermal thermogravimetry in nitrogen. The total mass loss was determined after 120 min. The kinetic parameters of the degradation process were determined by applying two kinetic models: the model which assumes autocatalytic degradation (Prout-Tompkins) and the model of two-dimensional diffusion. It was established that the thermal degradation at lower degrees of conversion (α<0.20) was well described by the former model, but the latter model was applicable at higher degrees of conversion. The thermal stability of blends at a certain temperature of isothermal degradation depends on the blend composition and the shell/core ratio in MBS, and on the adhesion in the boundary layer in PVC/MBS blends.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The synthesis of conducting polymers based on m-nitroaniline, m-chloroaniline and m-aminophenol by aniline initiated ammonium peroxydisulfate oxidation, has been attempted. The IR spectra of the polymers have been studied. Thermogravimetric analysis of the conducting polymers has been followed using a computer analysis method LOTUS PACKAGE, developed by us for assigning the degradation mechanism. A number of equations have been used to evaluate the kinetic parameters. The mechanism of degradation of the conducting polymers has been explained on the basis of their kinetic parameters.

Restricted access

The degradation process of fructo-oligosaccharides (Raftilose® P95) has been studied in apple pulp matrix at 70–80 °C in pH range 2.7–3.3. Changes of sugar compositions have been analysed by an appropriate isocratic HPLC with differential refractive index detector for oligosaccharide determination. According to Arrhenius equation significant effect of temperature has been observed on the decrease of oligomer concentration. The oligomers (DP3-DP7) degrade continuously at any pH between 2.7 and 3.3. The lower the pH the higher the change of oligomer and monomer concentration is. The oligomers (DP4-DP7) could give out in 30–40 min below pH 3.0 caused by the high concentration of protons. The rate of degradation depends not only on the processing time, temperature, and the proton concentration of the solution, but on the characteristic of apple pulp, too, where the degradation is significantly higher than that in water solution.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The thermal degradation of cotton cellulose treated with chemical mixtures containing P and N was studied by thermal analysis, infrared spectroscopy, Char yield and limiting-oxygen-index (LOI). Our experiments demonstrated the following facts. The temperatures and activation energies of pyrolysis were lower for cotton cellulose treated with flame retardants than those for untreated samples and the values of Char yield and LOI were greater for treated cotton than those for untreated one.

Restricted access

Abstract  

A novel PMR polyimides (TMBZ-15) based on substituted benzidines is examined and compared to state-of-the-art PMR-15. The mechanism for the thermal decomposition of two specific PMR polyimides is obtained using TG/FTIR/MS techniques. In order to verify the pathway of polyimide degradation, a pyrolysis/GC-MS technique was employed to evaluate the organic degradation products, particularly the larger components that are destroyed in traditional TG/MS. A proposed degradation mechanism involves two main stages of decomposition, each of which produce a variety of products. The first group includes aromatic hydrocarbons, aromatic amines and nitriles, which correspond to partial fragments of polymer chains. The second group consists largely of fluorene, naphthalene and phenanthrene, which are attributed to the isomerization, rearrangements and cyclizations of the aforementioned pyrolyzates at high temperature.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Thermogravimetric analysis (TG) was used in this work to study the degradation kinetics of industrial PVC plastisols. In order to model the pyrolitic degradation of plastisols in nitrogen, a kinetic model based on phenomenological considerations was developed. Two different processes were observed during the first degradation stage. The model parameters, such as activation energies and pseudo orders of reaction, were calculated using a non-linear regression analysis. The model developed was able to describe the degradation behaviour both in isothermal and in dynamic modes. The results of such analysis were applied to obtain long-term data from short-term experiments as an engineering approach to evaluate the thermal resistance of plastisols.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The thermal degradation of diammoniumhexachloroplatinate (NH4)2PtCl6 is used in technical scale for the production of the pure platinum metal [1] and for this reason of great interest. Our investigations have been focused on the influence of the different atmospheres (oxidizing, inert or reducing) used in the technical processes towards the degradation mechanism and the evolved volatile degradation products. The second main aspect of our investigations was the evolution of volatile platinum species. Regarding the different frequencies of platinum allergies related to the different technical processes, the evolution of volatile platinum species is of great importance, due to the supposed allergic potential of this substances [2–4].

Restricted access

Abstract  

Thermal degradation studies were carried out of copolymer phenyl methacrylate-styrene in the presence of aluminum isopropoxide to assess the stability and alteration of degradation mechanism using thermogravimetry-differential thermogravimetry (TG-DTG) in inert atmosphere and under vacuum using thermal volatilization analysis (TVA). After collecting the condensable volatile degradation products from TVA experiments and separating them by sub-ambient TVA, investigation and identification were effected out by IR spectroscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) techniques. The degradation products from the blends consisted of some additional products, i.e., isopropanol, phenol, methacrylic acid, ethyl benzene, benzene and a cyclic compound apart from similar products obtained from the degradation of pure copolymers. The mechanism of newly formed degradation products has been discussed in detail.

Restricted access