Authors:Matthias Halfter, Ulrich Müseler, Ralf Matthias Hagen, and Hagen Frickmann
Background Nearly a decade before, increased likelihood of enteric carriage with the intestinal protozoon Giardia duodenalis was demonstrated for German soldiers after deployment on a United Nations (UN) mission in tropical Sudan [ 1 ]. On this
applications [ 18 ]. Even organizations that deployed IT still adopt the traditional approach to file where systems tend to grow independently [ 2 ]. Organizations running by the principles of the traditional model do not only cause delays in document
Authors:Hagen Frickmann, Norbert G. Schwarz, Dorothea F. Wiemer, Marcellus Fischer, Egbert Tannich, Patrick L. Scheid, Martin Müller, Ulrich Schotte, Wolfgang Bock, and Ralf M. Hagen
This report analyzes the occurrence of Cryptosporidium spp., E. histolytica, and G. intestinalis in stool of returnees from military deployments and the impact of hygiene precautions. Between 2007 and 2010, stool samples of 830 returnees that were obtained 8–12 weeks after military deployments in Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, the Balkans, Democratic Republic of the Congo/Gabonese Republic, and Sudan and 292 control samples from non-deployed soldiers were analyzed by PCR for Cryptosporidium spp., E. histolytica, G. intestinalis, and the commensal indicator of fecal contamination E. dispar. Data on hygiene precautions were available. The soldiers were questioned regarding gastrointestinal and general symptoms. Among 1122 stool samples, 18 were positive for G. intestinalis, 10 for E. dispar, and no-one for Cryptosporidium spp. and E. histolytica. An increased risk of acquiring chronic parasitic infections in comparison with non-deployed controls was demonstrated only for G. intestinalis in Sudan, where standardized food and drinking water hygiene precautions could not be implemented. Standard food and drinking water hygiene precautions in the context of screened military field camps proved to be highly reliable in preventing food-borne and water-borne chronic infections and colonization by intestinal protozoa, leading to detection proportions similar to those in non-deployed controls.
Authors:Seth W. Whiting, Marc N. Potenza, Crystal L. Park, Sherry A. McKee, Carolyn M. Mazure, and Rani A. Hoff
severity of gambling problems and moderates the effectiveness of gambling treatment ( Petry & Weiss, 2009 ). Thus, low social support upon return from deployment may contribute to disordered gambling in veterans. Because little research has examined
Authors:Ralf Matthias Hagen, Hagen Hinz, and Hagen Frickmann
-and smear-transmitted pathogens in European Soldiers with diarrhea on deployment in the tropics: experience from the European Union Training Mission (EUTM) Mali . BioMed Res Int 2015 , 573904 ( 2015 )
Authors:K. Hofstetter, P. Cable, D. Beals, J. Noakes, J. Spaulding, M. Neary, and R. Peterson
Researchers from the Savannah River Technology Center, the Center for Applied Isotope Studies (CAIS) and Sampling Systems
have developed a prototype Field Deployable Tritium Analysis System (FDTAS) for near-real-time measurements of environmental
levels of tritium in ground and surface water. The device consists of a modified liquid scintillation counter coupled to an
automatic sampler which incorporates on-line water purification. The FDTAS has been field tested at several Savannah River
Site locations and has produced results comparable to laboratory analyses for low concentrations of tritium. Figures of merit
obtained in the field include an average tritium background count rate of 1.5 counts per minute (cpm), tritium detection efficiency
of ≈25%, and a detection limit of <10 Bq/l for a 100 minute count.
A sensitive system for the determination of surface-bound thorium and uranium on detector components and deployment hardware associated with the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory is described. The method involves assay for 224Ra and 226Ra in ultra-pure water used to leach the component under test.
Commission, Action plan for the deployment of intelligent transport systems in Europe, COM(2008)886 final, Brussels, 2008.
The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union , Directive 2010/40/EU of the
Authors:A. Plionis, D. Haas, S. Landsberger, and G. Brooks
Several methods for the electrodeposition of actinides for alpha-spectrometry analysis have been developed over the past few
decades, but none have been specifically designed to facilitate rapid analysis in a field situation. This paper describes
the development of an electrodeposition procedure that is specifically adapted for use in a mobile lab. Using these techniques
one would be able to obtain preliminary results in the event of a radiological incident. Quantitative yields with associated
uncertainties have been determined for the procedure. It has also been shown that short deposition times can provide quantitative