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Abstract  

Pyrolysis of normally insulating aromatic polyimide is known to impart electrical conductivity to the polymer due to the formation of carbonized regions in an insulating matrix with a concomitant change in the polymer’s structural arrangement. The wholly pyrolyzed polyimide is potentially useful for specific applications in certain types of semiconductor devices because of the polyimide’s insulator/conductor transition which creates a barrier type conduction. Pyrolysis, however, degrades the required mechanical integrity of the polyimide for construction of such devices. In order to evaluate the fundamental aspects of barrier conduction by high voltage electron transfer from metal contact that can still produce measurable current in thermally treated non-pyrolyzed polyimide, the nature of depolarization in Kapton was assessed by the thermally stimulated depolarization current (TSDC) technique. The results show that thermal treatment of polyimide without pyrolysis and therefore without loss of mechanical integrity offers a viable means of steady electron conduction for semiconductor operation.

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Abstract  

Pellets of TiO2 thermally pretreated at 450 and 540°C and -irradiated were polarized by d. c. field. The depolarization curves were resolved into different first order components having two and three depolarization constants. By heating the polarized pellets the Current Glow Peak curves were recorded where there were only two peaks around 65 and 400°C in case of pellets heated at 450°C and heated at 540°C and irradiated; and one more additional peak around 20°C in case of pellets heated at 540°C and heated at 450°C and irradiated thereon. In addition to those signals of O 2 and Ti3+ reported earlier there were distinctly four more, signals at g 1.933 and g 2.03, 2.036 and 2.043 appeared in case of samples heated at 540°C and heated at 450°C and irradiated thereon. The signal at g1.933 is attributed to Ti3+ ions in new phase Ti4O7 developed in heating at 540°C or due to irradiation and the rest of the signals are due to O 2ad or O ad over the new phase near anion vacancy created.

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