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Abstract  

The effects of Al2O3 and SiO2 additives on the crystallization of calcium phosphate glasses were studied. When the Al2O3 content was higher than 7 mol%, surface devitrification occurred in the glasses. However, for glasses with Al2O3 contents higher than 10 mol%, bulk devitrification predominanted. For the glasses with SiO2, a surface devitrification mechanism predominanted. Non-isothermal DTA techniques were applied in order to establish the devitrification mechanism, and the kinetic parameters of crystal growth were obtained. The parameter m depends on the mechanism and morphology of devitrification of calcium phosphate, glass containing SiO2 as additive, the values of m being lower than 1.2. These results indicate that the devitrification is controlled by the reaction at the glass-crystal interface, or occurs from surface nuclei.

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Abstract  

The effect of replacing 20 mol% of GeO2 by TiO2 on the properties of potassium germanate glass was investigated. The structure and devitrification behaviour of glasses were studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential thermal analysis (DTA) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). It was observed that potassium titanium germanate has a higher glass transition temperature and a higher thermal stability vs. crystallization. The presence of two exothermic peaks on the DTA curve of potassium germanate glass indicates the complex crystallization process. The XRD pattern of this glass heated at the temperature of the first crystallization peak indicated that the GeO2 and K2Ge7O15 were formed. Only the K2TiGe3O9 phase was identified, in a case when potassium titanium germanate glass was heated at the temperature of the crystallization peak.

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Abstract  

In this paper a thermoanalytical study of the kinetic parameters and mechanism of the devitrification process of CaO·SiO2, 1.6CaO·0.4MgO·2SiO2 and 1.4CaO·(0.6/3)Y2O3·2SiO2 is reported. The experimental results suggest that, in the studied glasses, a surface nucleation process is operative; however, in finely powdered samples, that soften and efficiently sinter before devitrifying, surface nuclei behave as bulk nuclei. In this case lamellar crystalline structures are obtained.

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Abstract  

The effect of replacing SrO by BaO on the glass transition temperature and on devitrification behaviour in a series of glasses in the strontium tetragermanate — barium tetragermanate composition range has been studied by differential thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction and Fourier-transform infrared spectra. All glasses studied exhibit internal crystal nucleation. The progressive replacing of SrO by BaO causes the decrease of the glass transition temperature. Solid solutions between SrGe4O9 and BaGe4O9 were found to crystallize in glass containing both SrO and BaO. The effect of the specific surface of the glass samples on devitrification processes has been also pointed out.

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Abstract  

The thermal properties and devitrification behaviour of substituted InF3 glasses were studied by means of differential thermal analysis. A comparison of various simple quantitative methods to assess the level of stability of multicomponent fluoride glass systems was also made. Most of these methods are based on critical temperatures. In this paper, a new parameter,k d(T), is introduced to the stability criteria. The stabilities of several substituted InF3 glasses were evaluated experimentally and correlated with the activation energies of crystallization via this new kinetic criterion and compared with those evaluated by other criteria.

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Abstract  

Three batch compositions of pure oxides (SiO2, Fe2O3, PbO, Na2O) with equivalent SiO2, Fe2O3 and PbO contents and a gradually increased Na2O content were vitrified through heating in a high temperature electric furnace and subsequent quenching. The resulting vitreous products were thermally treated in order to study the devitrification behaviour, under conditions designated from differential thermal analysis experiments. Depending on the Na2O content, crystal phase separation gave rise to the growth of acmite and hematite or maghemite. A uniformly phase separated glass-ceramic material, with crystallites of similar size and population density, was produced from devitrification of the vitreous product with the higher Na2O content.

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2 O 3 + K 2 O introduction on devitrification behaviour of glass L 23 S 77 . As is evident from Fig. 2c , the crystallisation curve for glass G3 is shallower and exhibits a considerable shift to high temperature with respect to glass L 23 S 77

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