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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: J. Santos, M. Conceiçăo, M. Trindade, A. Araújo, V. Fernandes, and A. Souza

Abstract  

The lanthanidic complexes of general formula Ln(C11H19O2)3 were synthesized and characterized by elementary analysis, infrared absorption espectroscopy, thermogravimetry (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The reaction of thermal decomposition of complexes has been studied by non-isothermal and isothermal TG. The thermal decomposition reaction of complexes began in the solid phase for Tb(thd)3, Tm(thd)3 and Yb(thd)3 and in the liquid phase for Er(thd)3 and Lu(thd)3, as it was observed by TG/DTG/DSC superimposed curves. The kinetic model that best adjusted the experimental isothermal thermogravimetric data was the R1 model. Through the Ozawa method it was possible to find coherent results in the kinetic parameters and according to the activation energy the following stability order was obtained: Tb(thd)3>Lu(thd)3>Yb(thd)3>Tm(thd)3>Er(thd)3

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Abstract  

The basic characteristics of the gas phase reaction between fission products from 252Cf and dipivaloylmethane (dpm) were investigated in order to apply the metal chelate formation with dpm to a rapid chemical separation in an on-line isothermal chromatography. It was found that volatile dpm complexes of Ru and Rh were formed selectively at the reaction temperature of 350 °C.

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Abstract  

The complex formation of LaCl3 with dipivaloylmethane (dpm) was investigated in a view of the applicability to a rapid chemistry. It was found that the complex formation of lanthanum chloride with dpm in a gas phase was recognized and a volatile LaCl2 (dpm) which was formed by substitution of a chloride atom in LaCl3 by dpm molecule was mainly produced. A temperature dependence of LaCl2 (dpm) formation was examined and the activation energy of the reaction was deduced.

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Abstract  

Positron Lifetime Spectroscopy (LS) measurements were performed in a series of binary molecular solid solutions of the general formula M1–xGxL3, where L(ligand)=acetylacetone, dipivaloylmethane, or N-benzoyl-N-phenylhydroxylamine, M=Al(III), Ga(III) or In(III), as matrix, and G=Cr(III), Mn(III), Fe(III), Co(III), Ru(III), Rh(III) and Ir(III), as guest molecules, and the corresponding mechanical mixtures. For the solid solutions, the o-Ps yield values (I 3) decrease very rapidly with the increase of the guest mole fraction, showing a high efficient Ps inhibition process, while for the corresponding mechanical mixtures, these values decrease linearly with the increase of the guest molecule concentration, indicating the presence of two distinct phases. These results confirm our previous proposal that the LS technique is able to characterize solid solutions formed by one matrix, in whichI 3 values are high, and one guest, in which theI 3 values are very low.

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