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Abstract

This paper deals with the syntax of the direct speech particle in Hittite, particularly its inconsistent use within direct speech. It is suggested that a syntactic account of what appears at first sight as an entirely chaotic distribution is possible.

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. Amsterdam 2002, 361–377. 4 MIKULOVÁ, J.: Verbs Introducing Direct Speech in Late Latin Texts. GLB 20.2 (2015) 123–143. 5 MIKULOVÁ, J.: Some Remarks on dicens in Late Latin Texts. IF 122.1 (2017) 1–28. 0044–5975 © 2019 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 6

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. Broesch , T. and Bryant , G. A. ( 2011 ): Universals in infant-directed speech: Evidence from Fiji, Kenya, and US . Paper presented at the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society, Montpellier, France

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This study is concerned with the strategies for reporting speech in contemporary Russian. It analyses the salient features of direct and indirect speech report constructions and examines the shifts that accompany the transformation of a direct speech report construction into its corresponding indirect construction. It demonstrates that while most speech report constructions in Russian are multiclausal, monoclausal constructions using evidentials are also possible and that a speech report continuum exists where some constructions display features of both direct and indirect speech reports.

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Comparing the prose-rhythm in the direct speeches of the Corpus Caesarianum produces another proof for Caesar being not the author of the writings Bellum Alexandrinum, Bellum Africum and Bellum Hispaniense.

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, but never granted the privilege of direct speech. 4 Also Irene De Jong’s attempt to define Briseis a “semi-silent” character is somehow unsatisfactory. 5 Starting from these premises

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The present paper discusses some special cases of gerunds in the attribute position. This phenomenon is rather exceptional, because gerunds usually are defined as being adverbs. Word class shift is generally ruled out for Turkic languages. As will be argued, there might be exceptions from this rule. In this context, constructions based on direct speech on the one hand and some going back to postverbials on the other seem especially interesting.

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Israeli is currently one of the official languages of the State of Israel. It is a fusional synthetic language, with non-concatenative discontinuous morphemes realised by vowel infixation. This typological paper demonstrates that there is a clear distinction in Israeli between direct and indirect speech. The indirect speech report, which is a subset of complement clauses, is characterized by a shift in person, spatial and temporal deixis. However, unlike in English, the verbs usually do not undergo a tense shift. Israeli has various lexicalized direct speech reports. By and large, Israeli reported speech constructions reflect Yiddish and Standard Average European patterns, often enhancing a suitable pre-existent Hebrew construction.

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The paper is devoted to the tendencies of syntactic development and functioning of syntactic units in contemporary Russian prose. The recent syntactic processes (reduction of the syntactic relationships, simplification, compression, contamination of syntactic units, integration and disintegration of its components, etc.) are considered in the aspects of language, speech, and text. The author provides a critical analysis of the analytic progress of Russian syntax on the basis of contemporary prosaic discourse (e.g. L. Petrushevskaya, S. Dovlatov, V. Sorokin, V. Makanin, T. Tolstaya, V. Pelevin, S. Bolmat, M. Palei, etc.) and screenplay. Today screenwriting became the main occupation of many Russian authors such as M. Mareeva, A. Mindadze, O. Osetinsky, and others. Contemporary discourse stimulates the development of new syntactic phenomena. The main task is to analyze the qualification of syntactic units (combinations of words, sentences, multicomponent complex statements, syntactic complex, direct speech, etc.) and to make evident the syntactic organization of contemporary Russian prose and screenplay. Syntactic complex is considered as a formed unit of text organization and direct speech is considered as a unique syntactic unit among other types of speech.

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Following a brief survey into the history of the ballet d’action, the article examines the techniques of musique parlante Dohnányi used in his pantomime Der Schleier der Pierrette. The subcategories illustrated with music examples include the direct speech imitation (focusing on the syllabic and rhythmic structure of single words) and the musical analogy of the question-answer complex. The analytical overview is extended to further indirect categories such as the recitative-like structures (built up not merely on speech, but on an already emancipated equivalent, the instrumental recitative) and the leitmotif technique which – although being more distant from speech – can, in some cases, still be seen as part of musique parlante. In an attempt to describe the position of Der Schleier der Pierrette in ballet music history, the author addresses Béla Bartók’s reception of Dohnányi’s pantomime and distinguishes the tradition followed by Dohnányi from the denial of musique parlante characteristic of the works Igor Stravinsky composed for the Ballets Russes.

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