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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: J. Galán, J. Del Castillo, A. González-Pérez, V. Fuentes-Vázquez, and J. Rodríguez

Abstract  

The specific conductivities of dodecylpyridinium chloride have been determinated in water-butanol/pentanol/hexanol solutions in the temperature range of 10 to 35C, and butanol, pentanol and hexanol concentrations up to 0.05 mol kg–1. From these data the temperature dependence of the critical micelle concentration, (cmc), was determined. The molar fraction of alcohol in the micelle was estimated using the theory suggested by Motomura et al. for surfactant binary mixtures. The standard Gibbs free energy of solubilization of alcohols in the micelles was worked out using the phase separation model.

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Abstract  

Electrical conductivity of aqueous solutions of dodecylpyridinium chloride and bromide have been determined. From these data the critical micelle concentration (cmc) was determined. The thermal properties as standard Gibbs free energy, enthalpy and entropy of micellization was estimated from a uncharged-phase separation model and enables to obtain another properties like heat capacity of micellization and the relevant parameters in the minimum of temperature dependence of cmc. The enthalpy-entropy compensation was shown for the studied compounds.

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Abstract  

As a part of a research program on the treatment of radioactive process waste waters, sorbent macroflotation was tested to remove Co(II) from dilute aqueous solutions. Activated charcoal was used as the sorbent, and gelatin, cetylpyridinium chloride, dodecylamine or N-dodecylpyridinium chloride (NDPC) as the collector. In addition to the effect of the collector type on the percent removal, the effects of the pH, the charcoal and collector doses, the metal ion concentration, the ionic strength and the use of combinations of NDPC with other reagents have been investigated. At the optimum conditions removals better then 97% could be achieved in the pH range of 7.5–10.0 with NDPC plus a low concentration of a low-molecular-weight polyacrylamide. The results obtained are discussed in terms of hydrolysis of the metal ion and the electric state of both the charcoal and collector.

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Abstract  

Ion, precipitate and adsorbing colloid flotation of cobalt(II) have been investigated at different pH values, using N-dodecylpyridinium chloride (DPCl), A strong cationic surfactant, and sodium lauryl sulfate (NaLS), a strong anionic surfactant, as collectors. In case of adsorbing colloid flotation, hydrous manganese dioxide was used as an adsorbent. The precipitate flotation curves experimentally obtained with the two tested collectors were compared with the corresponding theoretical one calculated from the data published for Co(II) hydrolysis. The effects of the collector concentration, ageing of the water-MnO2–Co(II) system, bubbling time period, cobalt(II) concentration and foreign salts on the percent removal of Co(II) by adsorbing colloid flotation using DPCl as collector were determined. Removals approaching 100% could be achieved under the optimum conditions.

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