Clara Schumann gave her first Pest concerts in February 1856. A survey of the enthusiastic reviews reveals that she was received as the foremost representative of “classic art,” whose performances gave the Hungarian public—until then mostly admiring exhibitionist virtuosos—an entirely new idea about what music was capable of. The moral superiority of Clara seemed also confirmed by her generous donation to the future National Conservatory, which was initially commented on in the most flattering terms in the press. In early March, however, the Pester Lloyd aired that the generous donation may not have been absolutely voluntary, an anonymous go-between having forcefully talked the pianist into financially supporting the institution. Induced by the recent discovery of Clara Schumann’s original deed of foundation (acquired in July 2011 by the Music Collection of the National Széchényi Library) this article seeks to reconstruct the story in some detail by rehearsing the press debate surrounding the donation, exploring the financial situation of the Music Society of Pest-Buda in the 1850s, scrutinizing the minutes of its board meetings, as well as comparing Clara Schumann’s contribution with those given by other traveling musicians.
Between pieces made of stone that in National Museum of Banat collection are preserved it is a Mithraic plate there, a fragment which has been cataloged in the literature with the wrong discovery place. This article aims to resume all discussions on this piece and to reconsider in a clearer context. So, after the notes from inventory-book, this piece comes through with certainty from the archaeological site Tibiscum (Jupa, Caransebeş, RO) and was a donation of a peasant named Ion Bogdea (villager from Jupa), offered to Marius Moga, the archaeologist who reopened at the Roman camp Jupa systematic archaeological research in 1964. After the analogies to this piece of Mithraic relief type we can say that it dates back somewhere in the late 2nd, beginning of 3rd century and was made in Colonia Sarmizegetusa, in the artistic stone workshop.
; Wedekind & Braithwaite 2002 ). Moreover, a charitable donation has stronger influence on reputation than a donation to group members ( Milinski et al. 2002a ).
While most laboratory investigations have come to the same conclusion, these results
Authors:Johannes J. C. Erasmus, Marrigje M. Conradie, and Jeanet Conradie
COCHCOCF 3 )(CO)(P(OCH 2 ) 3 CCH 3 )] ( 1 ) occur via a linear transition state leading to trans addition of CH 3 I to ( 1 ). Although the CF 3 group slows down the oxidative addition step, the strong electron donation of the P(OCH 2 ) 3 CCH 3 ligand