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Metastable effects onmartensitic transformation in SMA

Part 4. Thermomechanical properties of CuAlBe and NiTi observations for dampers in family houses

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: C. Auguet, A. Isalgué, F. Lovey, F. Martorell, and V. Torra

Abstract  

The behavior of shape memory alloys (SMA) allows their use as a passive smart material. In particular, the existence of a hysteretic cycle in the domain of the elementary coordinates strain-stress-temperature (σ, ε, T) suggests its application for damping in mechanical and/or in civil engineering. We are working in the application of SMA as dampers for earthquakes in small houses as family homes. For dampers installed in the inner porticos of the house, the suggested SMA is the CuAlBe and, eventually, the NiTi. At room temperature the used SMA wires induces forces situated between 2–3kN/wire. The properties related with the damping applications for CuAlBe and NiTi, i.e., the SMA creep and the self-heating will be presented, together with some other minor stress and temperature effects on NiTi modifying the hysteretic behavior.

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