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hospitalization among the elderly Nutrition 25 415 – 420 . [6]. L. Harsányi P. Varga Gy. Bodoky 1999 State of artificial nutrition in Hungary: Standpoint and methodologic recommendations Nutrition 15 40 – 43 . [7]. Gunnarsson , A

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Introduction Epidemiology of the elderly Proportion of people aged 65 and over was 20.6% in the EU population in 2020 and it is expected to reach 40.6% by 2050. This rate in Hungary was 19

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The epidemiological importance and serious health consequences of obesity is one of the most important medical issues. This cross-sectional study, including retrospective elements, aims to measure the occurrence and to seek for the possible reasons of obesity among elderly people in Hungary. The 266 elderly subjects (109 man over and 157 women over 60 years) were consecutive selected in primary care setting. Questionnaire on eating habits and life style, dietary record, medical check-up, anthropological measurements were performed. During the aging the meal frequency becomes more regular. People with lower body mass index ate frequently than overweight (BMI: 25–30 kg/m 2 ) or obese persons (BMI>30 kg/m 2 ). Obese people represented a smaller proportion in the older decades. According to the retrospective body-weight analysis the increase of body weight was significantly higher in the obese group then in the overweight category and by normal weighted people. Daily energy intake was high in both genders. In the obese group the ratio of people educated in primary school only, was much higher. The food choices were influenced by economic reasons in two-third of the studied population. Thirty percent of obese people had obese parents and 24% of them had obese children. Unfavorable nutritional habits and sedentary life style may have a prior responsibility for obesity. Prevention and medical intervention should be started in time at primary health care level.

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general medical considerations, given that prevention is always of paramount importance, prevention is increasingly crucial in the case of ulcers in the elderly. Even with adequate therapy, the healing of established ulcers may be extremely slow due to

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Physiology International
Authors:
E. Kovács
,
D. Pilecky
,
Z. Szakál-Tóth
,
A. Fekete-Győr
,
V.A. Gyarmathy
,
L. Gellér
,
B. Hauser
,
J. Gál
,
B. Merkely
, and
E. Zima

cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and post-cardiac arrest therapy in the elderly [ 16–22 ]. The aim of our study was to investigate the characteristics and outcome of post-cardiac arrest treatment and effect of age on post-cardiac arrest treatment outcomes in an

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Physiology International
Authors:
Anna Péterfi
,
Ágota Mészáros
,
Zsófia Szarvas
,
Melinda Pénzes
,
Mónika Fekete
,
Ágnes Fehér
,
Andrea Lehoczki
,
Tamás Csípő
, and
Vince Fazekas-Pongor

and 84 suffer from one or more concurrent conditions, the most frequent being cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, and diseases affecting the central nervous system [ 20 ]. Among the elderly, the presence of comorbidities

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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors:
Sabri Engin Altintop
,
Tugce Unalan-Altintop
,
Mustafa Cihangiroglu
,
Pelin Onarer
,
Fikriye Milletli-Sezgin
,
Melih Gozukara
,
Bilge Gozukara
, and
Erman Zengin

with the severity of the disease and vaccination status in elderly COVID-19 patients. The clinical, radiological, and laboratory characteristics of the patients followed up in Amasya, Turkey was also explored from the hospital records. Materials and

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Physiology International
Authors:
Klara Gadó
,
Aranka Katalin Kovács
,
Gyula Domján
,
Zoltán Zsolt Nagy
, and
Gabriella Dörnyei

disease. Indeed, advanced age is the highest risk factor for severe disease. Mortality of patients over 65 years proved to be higher than that of patients with a lower age [ 2 ]. Mortality of the elderly people due to COVID

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Lelovics, Zs., Bozóné Kegyes, R., Lampek, K. és mtsa: Results of nutritional screening in institutionalized elderly in Hungary. Arch. Gerontol. Geriat., 2009, 49 , 190–196. Lampek K

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The medical nutritional therapy has high importance in the management of diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to collect information on how the diabetic elderly follow medical advices regarding nutrition. A population of 291 persons were selected consecutively from primary care patients in Hungary. Ninety-five type 2 diabetes patients were compared to 196 non-diabetics, focusing on nutritional habits, life style elements and anthropological parameters.  The diabetics were mainly overweight or obese and educated at lower levels. People with higher BMI (Body Mass Index) have eaten less frequently than people in the normal BMI range. The daily food frequency of diabetics was higher only on weekends and holidays. There were only minimal differences concerning food choices as well. The differences in the diet proved smaller than expected and recommended. The time spent with physical activity was low in general, especially among diabetics. The self-judgement showed that only 49% of diabetics kept their eating habit as healthy, vs. 63% of non-diabetics. The food choices were also modified by the economic situations of patients. It was observed that the majority of elderly diabetics did not pay enough attention to correct diabetic diet, therefore, they should be controlled more effectively by primary care staff.

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