relationships of the variables involved. Besides that, the literature focussing on the impact of these variables on the developing and emergingeconomies, respectively, is scarce. Hence, there is a deficiency of macroeconomic models that can be utilised as a
The paper investigates the role of regionalization and regional identity in the endeavours of emerging economies to connect successfully to the global world economy. It addresses the question of whether the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), with its loose institutional integration framework, has contributed to the global integration of its very heterogenous members in the first decade of the 21st century — and, if so, what are the drivers behind this. The paper summarizes connecting theories, using a multidisciplinary approach, and uses descriptive statistical analysis to identify the achievements of the ASEAN-6 countries within global trade and foreign direct invesment (FDI) flows in the given time period. We suggest that ASEAN countries, with their efforts to initiate interconnecting regional organizations in Asia, most specifically the ASEAN+3 (APT) construction, did contribute to greater integratedness of member countries; and they have created a regional image with a common market and production base. Such achievements, however, can be in great part attributed to the micro-level activities of international and regional firms wishing to establish cross-border production networks in these countries.
the euro (1 EUR = 1.95583 BGN). The Bulgarian currency is entirely backed by euro reserves and is fully convertible into euros ( Todorov 2014 ). Thus, in addition to being a small open emergingeconomy, Bulgaria is also facing the challenge of how to
-crisis Growth Slowdown in EmergingEconomies and the Role of Structural Reforms . Global Journal of Emerging Market Economies , 7 ( 2 ): 179 – 200 .
Statistics South Africa ( 2016 ): Find Statistics . http
This paper investigates whether multinational companies possess superior manufacturing knowledge relative to domestic companies operating in emerging market countries. Manufacturing knowledge is operationalized as knowledge in use through the implementation and performance impact of manufacturing practices. Using survey data of 216 manufacturing plants located in five emerging countries, we apply analysis of variance (ANOVA) and structural equation modelling (SEM) to identify the potential knowledge surplus of multinational subsidiaries over local companies. Results of our analysis show that, generally, multinational subsidiaries invest significantly more effort in implementing manufacturing practices. Nevertheless, their knowledge superiority concerning the effective use of these practices is only materialized in terms of practices related to human resource development and advanced manufacturing technologies.
Many emerging countries in Asia demonstrate a strong pattern of growth and potential of diffusion in science and technology that is dynamic and self-propagating. To elucidate the evolution in science and technology and the institutional dynamics that drive the self-propagating behavior, this paper examines the divergent models pursued by selected Asian economies in regard to science and technological catch-up. An analysis of papers and patents production for each nation was conducted to examine the indigenous science and technology capabilities. This study focuses on six major economies, namely China, Malaysia, South Korea, Singapore, Taiwan and Thailand. In addition, Japan, a country with advanced development of science and technology, is included for comparison. The findings provided insight and understanding of evolving science and technological waves and the dynamic potentials in science and technology. We demonstrate the pursued catching-up models that drive the self-propagating behavior and industrialization, thus providing a more complete understanding of the innovation systems than those examined in previous studies.
and can help to develop varied types of nanomaterials.
Recent influential reports, scholarly articles, country reports highlights emergingeconomies making significant investment to create capacity in nanotechnology (see for example Hassan
A completely different picture is observed in the group of emergingeconomies. Figure 4 reveals the opposite situation to that shown in Fig. 3 . Of course, the spectacular growth rates of the emergingeconomies, especially of Turkey with an
effects on players, but we still know little about the prevalence and nosology of IGD, particularly in countries with emergingeconomies that have less access to Internet services.
Studies of IGD prior to the publication of the DSM-5 tended to have
Inter-regionalism refers to regular forms of cooperation between regions or actors from different regions and is a result of the parallel phenomena of globalization and regionalism. Inter-regional links are rapidly developing all around the world and form a new level of global governance. Though originally inter-regionalism typically connected the actors of the so-called Triad, today emerging economies and developing regions are more active and visible participants of inter-regional cooperation. The article examines the perspectives and limitations of inter-regional relations between China and Latin America as a new dimension of deepening Sino—Latin American relations.