After drawing a brief history of audiovisual translation (AVT), the paper gives a definition of empirical research and it analyzes when, how and why empirical research started to develop and grow systematically in this field of research. The paper also emphasizes the role of empirical research as a tool enabling us to know more about the actual effectiveness of AVT on its audiences as well as to develop awareness of the audience preferences and viewing habits. Consequently, it functions as an important purveyor of knowledge providing a solid basis for shaping quality and tailor made products suiting diverse types of end-users — be them standard or vulnerable users.
Metatheoretical studies often characterise rational choice theory (RCT) based empirical research as predominantly qualitative and illustrative. In this short (and selective) methodological survey we investigate the oppurtinities and limits of quantitative empirical researches that adopt the framework of the RCT paradigm. Unlike many other methodological studies, this paper does not focus on a general comparsion of RCT with compenting paradigms. instead, we take the framework of RCT as given, and study the methodological problems RCT researchers face while testing their theoretical models. We survey possibile research-startegies, and examine the impact of the level of analysis on model building and on the results. Moreover, we summarise the motivational assumptions of sociological RCT. Besides, we examine those extensions of the RCT that take into account the problem of proplem of perception. Afterwards we present a regression technique that is directly build on utility-theory. Finally, a residual method for measuring non-egoistic motivations will be discussed.
Scientific results of empirical research depend on the methods used. The selection of empirical methods by scientists is not solely determined by the subject of research or by theory. Social and historical (in our investigation national) conditions also affect the application of methods. This hypothesis has been corroborated with the help of journals in psychology, psychiatry, and sociology from different countries. The national impact on method preference varies among these disciplines. Conclusions are drawn concerning the generalizability of empirical results beyond disciplines and beyond countries.
-by-country analysis of the evidence of gambling and problem gambling, and associated demographics in alphabetical order. However, there are 21 European countries that have not carried out any empiricalresearch on adult gambling (i.e., Albania, Andorra, Armenia
, whose focus is on written law, even when researching ‘law in action,’ and (2) the European conception, which is represented by Eugen Ehrlich. The ‘primary focus of this conception is: What do people experience as ‘law’?’ 4 Most empiricalresearch until
Profiling by law enforcement agencies has become one of the most widely researched and debated questions in legal discussions relating to ethnic and racial discrimination in the criminal justice system. This research report highlights the findings of a recent pilot research project organized by the Hungarian Helsinki Committee that focused on police stop and search practices and their discriminatory effects on Hungary’s largest ethnic minority, the Roma. As part of the research, for the first time in Hungary, broad-spectrum data collection on the ethnic aspects and general efficiency of ID checks has been conducted.
In Hungary the two most important service areas in the business service centers are the information technologies and the finance. Nowadays there is more and more information technologies service centers that deliver services for internal or external corporate partners as an outsourcing or a shared service center. However it is a robust trend in the Hungarian information technologies sector in the last two decades that these companies employ the most newly graduates of higher education but there are very few information about these centers. For example not only the growing headcount is important but these service centers are typically affiliates of big global companies that use new information technologies solutions as well. This research tries to get an overall picture about the players of information technologies business service sector in Hungary. Due to a comprehensive questionnaire and the research is based on the answers of 27 information technologies service centers on its strategic and operational work.