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. Karunanithi , G. ( 2011 ): Self-Help Groups as Social Capital Empowering Women and Promoting Local Development: The Tamilnadu Experience . In: Karunanithi , G. – Ramakrishnan , M. (eds): Social Capital and Social Resources: Concept and

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Authors: Tiringer István, Nagy Alexandra, Teleki Szidalisz, Žilinski Nikolett and Szabados Eszter

coronary heart disease . Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews , ( 6 ). Anderson , R.M. , & Funneil , M.M. ( 2005 ). Patient empowerment: reflections on the challenge of fostering

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Napjainkban kialakulóban van a fejlődés egy új paradigmája, amelyből az állam szerepvállalására nézve alapjaiban új következtetéseket vonhatunk le. Röviden bemutatjuk, hogy mit értünk tágan értelmezett fejlődés alatt, majd konkrétan az állam fejlődésben betöltött szerepének átalakulását vizsgáljuk. A gazdaságpolitikai beavatkozások lehetséges pontjait a szegénybarát és megosztott növekedés, valamint a tágan értelmezett fejlődés érdekében elemezzük, utalva a reformok megfogalmazásának, beindításának és megvalósításának problematikájára. Végül mindezek ismeretében vállalkozunk az állam fejlődésben betöltött szerepének újradefiniálására. Mindeközben egy pozitív megközelítést alkalmazunk, azaz megfogalmazzuk, hogy mi a célja az állami beavatkozásnak, van-e ennek általánosan érvényesíthetőoptimális mértéke, milyen eszközökkel milyen eredményeket érhet el.

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In modern Shi’i Islam, power constitutes a major concern for thinkers and movements alike. Above all, Muham mad Husayn Fadlallah stands as the most systematic Shi’i thinker who produced an Islamic theory of power. The present article analyses Fadlallah’s concept of social power. In Islam and the Logic of Power (al-Islam wa-mantiq al-quwwa), he emphasised the importance of social solidarity, justice, and the obligation of “commanding right and forbidding wrong” as a means to create the ideal society. For him, this social model has are ciprocal relation to social power. Muhammad Husayn Fadlallah tells the tale of two societies: the weak and the strong, arguing that beliefs, unity and values determine the power of a community. He claims that the strong society is best illustrated by the first Islamic community. He confronts it with the weak society which lacks unity and solidarity — echoing to a great extent contemporary Lebanon. Fadlallah’s social theory — embedded in his theology of power — transforms spiritual power into a collective deployment of action. He draws on a wide range of elements (Sunni, Shi’i and Marxist) to create a coherent system of power in which social power is a mediator between the ideology of power and its political manifestation.

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Irodalom/References 1 Adams, R. (2003) Social Work and Empowerment . London, Palgrave Macmillan. 2 Asumah, S. N. & Nagel, M. (eds 2014) Diversity

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Authors: Teodóra Tomcsányi, Roger Csáky-Pallavicini, Gábor Ittzés, Gábor Semsey and Péter Török

Stark, W. (1996) Empowerment: Neue Handlungskompetenzen in der psychosozialen Praxis (Freiburg i.Br.: Lambertus). Stark W. Empowerment: Neue

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. According to them, CPD is a planned, continuous and lifelong process whereby teachers try to develop their personal and professional qualities, and to improve their knowledge, skills and practice, leading to their empowerment, the improvement of their agency

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Medieval Daoist ordination developed under Buddhist influence in the fifth century, but retained models of ancient Chinese blood covenants. While following the Buddhist model, which was essentially a membership ceremony, in its formalities and overall organisation, in its essence Daoist ordination was an empowerment and transference of allegiance, not from the family to an overlord, but from the world to the celestial realm. Daoists through ordination do not just leave the family but become active members of an otherworldly administration, with all the powers and obligations of this role.

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The applicability of selected aspects of the European regional policy approach to Hungary is analysed in the present paper. The balanced approach of European regional development — one combining structural change with performance improvement of existing actors — is contrasted with the one-sided Hungarian approach — one restricting modernisation efforts to facilitating structural change and attracting new economic actors. The paper — funded by the INCO-Copernicus — argues that in order to achieve the required regional transformation, besides institution building, strengthening, i.e. “empowering”, existing regional development institutions is also necessary.

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Authors: Michaela Wolf, Birgitta Dimitrova and Erika Arecco

Kiraly, D. 2000. A Social Constructivist Approach to Translator Education. Empowerment from Theory to Practice . Manchester: St Jerome. Kiraly D. A

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