Authors:Sevdiye Atakul Savrık, Devrim Balköse and Semra Ülkü
particles within the size range 5–50 nm and it is simple, safe and can produce regularly shaped particles with a narrow size distribution [ 6 – 8 ]. Inverse-emulsion based technique for the synthesis of inorganic particles is based on the assumption that the
Authors:Javier A. Díaz-Ponce, Eugenio A. Flores, Alfonso Lopez-Ortega, Jose G. Hernández-Cortez, Arquimides Estrada, Laura V. Castro and Flavio Vazquez
, and the problem of oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions, with a high concentration of water and salts turning out to be an important issue. It is necessary to measure the different sizes of water drops dispersed in crude oil, and to design and evaluate
Authors:I. Miesiąc, K. Schügerl and J. Szymanowski
Potassium leakage was studied in liquid membrane systems containing various emulsifiers and compared with emulsion, stability in the storage test. The effects of various parameters upon emulsion stability and the leakage of standard traces are discussed. The transfer of cations can be caused by emulsion breaking, by transport with the specific carrier and/or with surfactants used as emulsifiers. The latter case becomes especially important when hydrophilic surfactants, e.g. ones containing polyoxyethylene chains, are present in liquid membranes. In systems containing hydrophobic emulsifiers the transfer of potassium is relatively low. In each case considered the effect of emulsifiers upon the transfer of the standard tracer should be checked prior to using the leakage test to characterize emulsion stability.
Authors:Zhen Li, Li Yu, Liqiang Zheng and Fei Geng
emulsions, liposomes and polymeric nanoparticles systems [ 1 , 2 ]. However, there were some problems for SLN which is prepared by traditional way: microemulsion method. On one hand, microemulsion method using O/W microemulsion which leads to limited
concerning about ABS-co- N-PTMI ( N -p-tolylmaleimide).
In this article, heat resistance ABS resin was synthesized by emulsion polymerization of N-PTMI, butadiene-Styrene latex (SB), AN and St. The thermal properties and the molecular mass of the
Authors:T. Kousksou, A. Jamil, S. Gibout and Y. Zeraouli
This paper presents some results obtained by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) for characterizing the phase transition
within an emulsion. The dispersed substances are either hexadecane, octadecane, water or binary solution. A non-equilibrium
model taking into account the inter-phase heat transfer between the emulsifying medium and the dispersed droplet is proposed
and explains the main experimental features.
Authors:F. Macášek, P. Rajec, V. Řeháček, Vu Anh and T. Popovňáková
Various double emulsion systems with liquid membranes containing tri-n-octylphosphine oxide /TOPO/, tri-n-butylphosphate /TBP/,
KELEX 100® and di-2-ethylhexylphosphoric acid /DEHPA/, as carriers for uranium/VI/ pertraction, were studied. The conditions were found
at which the systems are most efficient, comparing with solvent extraction. The use of DEHPA as a membrane carrier with solutions
of H2SO4 and H3PO4 encapsulated in the membrane was substanfiated.
Authors:Jianjun Li, Xuguang Wang, Rongzu Hu, Bin Kang, Yuxiang Ou and Boren Chen
The determination of the most probable mechanism function and the calculation of kinetic parameters of thermal decomposition
of powder emulsion explosives have been achieved by different kinetic equations and different kinetic methods from data non-isothermal
SC-DSC curves, DSC curves, and thermal explosion delay curve. The courses which the reaction would follow under adiabatic
conditions are predicted.
Authors:J. Alencar, S. Pietri, M. Culcasi, C. Orneto, P. Piccerelle, J. Reynier, H. Portugal, A. Nicolay and J. Kaloustian
Dry emulsions prepared from saccharose (SAC), Labrafil® M 1944 CS, sesamol (SEOH), and hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) or sodium caseinate (SC) by grinding or dissolution, and
different desiccation techniques (spray (SD)- or freeze (FD)-drying, or heating at 60 °C) were investigated to determine possible
interactions between mixture components. The goal of this study was to determine the best formulation which will regenerate
perfectly, after water dilution of dry emulsions, the initial liquid emulsion with the same characteristics that before drying.
The morphological state of SAC and dry emulsions were determined by scanning electron microscopy analysis (SEM) analysis.
Glass transition temperature, and melting (endothermic), decomposition (endothermic), oxidation (exothermic) peak temperatures
and enthalpies were measured by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The antioxidant activity of emulsions was evaluated
through their ability to reduce 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazil (DPPH) free radical. SEM analysis showed that SD-prepared, SC-containing
dry emulsions formed better spherical particles with smooth surface at about 5 μm diameter as compared to emulsion containing
HPMC. These former emulsions also showed more thermal stability by DSC. The combined results of the three analytical techniques
emphasized the importance of the dry emulsion process regarding the efficiency and the thermal stability of antioxidant substances.
A specific physical and/or chemical combination (such as hydrogen bond) sufficiently stable, at about 150 °C, could be suggested
when the technique used for dry emulsion preparation was SD. After water dilution, this dry emulsion obtained from quaternary
mixture: SAC, Labrafil®, SEOH and SC, will regenerate the initial liquid emulsion with the same characteristics that before drying.
This article is a review about the ways in which solidification and the melting may occur within emulsions submitted to steady
cooling and heating performed in a differential scanning calorimeter. Simple, multiple and mixed emulsions are considered.
Due to nucleation phenomena creating supercooled and supersaturated liquids, the DSC curves obtained during cooling and heating
are quite different. The influence of a solute in the disperse phase is described in detail. Some implications about the instabilities
of emulsions due to mass transfer phenomena are described.