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Huang, W., Cai, Y., Hyde, K. D., Corke, H., Sun, M.: Endophytic fungi from Nerium oleander L. (Apocynaceae): Main constituents and antioxidant activity. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 23 , 1253–1263 (2007

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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Authors: Neda Haddadderafshi, Tímea Borbála Pósa, Gábor Péter, László Gáspár, Márta Ladányi, Károly Hrotkó, Noémi Lukács, and Krisztián Halász

. Campanile , G. , Ruscelli , A. , Luisi , N. ( 2007 ) Antagonistic activity of endophytic fungi towards Diplodia corticola assessed by in vitro and in planta tests . Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 117 , 237 – 246 . 8

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-018-1443-6 Brundrett , M. C. ( 2006 ): Understanding the roles of multifunctional mycorrhizal and endophytic fungi . – In: Schulz , B. J. E. , Boyle , C. J. C. and Sieber , T. N. (eds): Microbial root endophytes . Springer Verlag , Berlin , pp

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fungi that live in desert plants are considered to be a vital source for many natural products ( Strobel et al., 2004 ). The genetic recombination of the endophytic fungi and its host might be the reason that endophytes are able to provide plant with

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of endophytic fungi from tartary buckwheat on the host sprout growth and functional metabolite production. Without obvious changes in the appearance of the sprouts, the exogenous fungal mycelia elicitors notably stimulated the sprout growth and rutin accumulation, and the stimulation effect was mainly depended on the mycelia elicitor species along with its treatment dose. Three endophytic fungi Fat6 (Bionectria pityrodes), Fat9 (Fusarium oxysporum) and Fat15 (Alternaria sp.) were screened to be the most effective candidates for promoting F. tataricum sprout growth and rutin production. With application of polysaccharide (PS, 150 mg/l) of endophyte Fat6, PS (200 mg/l) of endophyte Fat9, and PS (150 mg/l) of endophyte Fat15, the rutin yield was effectively increased to 47.89 mg/(100 sprouts), 45.85 mg/(100 sprouts) and 46.83 mg/(100 sprouts), respectively. That was about 1.5- to 1.6-fold compared to the control culture of 29.37 mg/(100 sprouts). Furthermore, the present study revealed that the biosynthesis of the functional flavonoid resulted from the stimulation of the phenylpropanoid pathway by mycelia polysaccharide treatments. Application of specific fungal elicitors could be an efficient strategy for improving the nutritional and functional quality of tartary buckwheat sprouts.

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Community Ecology
Authors: M. Idbella, M. Zotti, G. Cesarano, T. Fechtali, S. Mazzoleni, and G. Bonanomi

. Campanile , G. , Ruscelli , A. and Luisi , N . 2007 . Antagonistic activity of endophytic fungi towards, Diplodia corticola assessed by in vitro and in planta tests . Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 117 : 237 – 246

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158 Ganley, R. J., Brunsfeld, S. J., Newcombe, G.: A community of unknown, endophytic fungi in western white pine. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 101 , 10107–10112 (2004

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Rapid identification of known compounds, i.e., dereplication, has become a strategically important area for the natural-product chemists involved in bioprospecting of microbes for novel bioactive metabolites. Among microbial biodiversity, endophytic fungi represent an abundant and dependable source of structurally diverse bioactive metabolites. During the course of screening for antimicrobial secondary metabolites from endophytic fungi, an antimicrobial metabolite was identified from the ethyl acetate extract obtained from the culture broth of Xylaria sp., an endophytic fungus from Ficus pumila Linn. (Moraceae) that exhibited a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity against human and phytopathogenic bacteria and fungi. Chemical investigation of the ethyl acetate fraction using thin-layer chromatography (TLC) bioautography and LC-hyphenated techniques led to the identification of a known benzoic acid derivative. Here, we describe the application of analytical strategies (TLC-bioautography) and hyphenated spectroscopic techniques (liquid chromatography-photodiode array detector-mass spectrometry [LC-PDA-MS]) for the dereplication of antimicrobial metabolites.

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Colombian Vanilla and its microbiota, I

First report of Fusarium taxa from both wild and cultivated species

Acta Botanica Hungarica
Author: M. Gamboa-Gaitán

Gamboa, M. A. and Bayman, P. (2001): Communities of endophytic fungi in leaves of a tropical timber tree (Guarea guidonia). - Biotropica 33 : 352–360. Bayman P Communities of

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References Arnold , A. E. ( 2007 ): Understanding the diversity of foliar endophytic fungi: progress, challenges, and frontiers . – Fungal Biol. Rev. 21 : 51

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