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Abstract  

Lanthanum-bearing silicate-oxyapatites or britholites, Ca10–xLax(PO4)6–x(SiO4)xO with 1≤x≤6, have been synthesized by solid state reaction at high temperature. They were characterized by X-ray diffraction and IR spectroscopy. Using two microcalorimeters, the heat of solution of these compounds have been measured at 298 K in a solution of nitric and hydrofluoric acid. A strained least squares method was applied to the experimental results to obtain the solution enthalpies at infinite dilution, and the mixing enthalpy in two steps. In the first step the mixing enthalpy obtained is referenced to the britholite monosubstituted and to the oxysilicate. The mixing enthalpy referenced to the oxyapatite and to the oxysilicate is then extrapolated. In order to determine the enthalpies of formation of all the terms of the solution, thermochemical cycles were proposed and complementary experiments were performed. The results obtained show a decrease of the enthalpy of formation with the amount of Si and La introduced in the lattice. This was explained by the difference in the bond energies of (Ca–O, P–O) and (La–O, Si–O).

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Abstract  

The standard enthalpy of combustion of crystalline silver pivalate, (CH3)3CC(O)OAg (AgPiv), was determined in an isoperibolic calorimeter with a self-sealing steel bomb, Δc H 0 (AgPiv, cr)= −2786.9±5.6 kJ mol−1. The value of standard enthalpy of formation was derived for crystalline state: Δf H 0(AgPiv,cr)= −466.9±5.6 kJ mol−1. Using the enthalpy of sublimation, measured earlier, the enthalpy of formation of gaseous dimer was obtained: Δf H 0(Ag2Piv2,g)= −787±14 kJ mol−1. The enthalpy of reaction (CH3)3CC(O)OAg(cr)=Ag(cr)+(CH3)3CC(O)O.(g) was estimated, Δr H 0=202 kJ mol−1.

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Abstract  

The standard (p 0=0.1 MPa) molar enthalpy of formation of 1-cyanoacetylpiperidine, in the crystalline state, at T=298.15 K, has been derived from measurements of its standard massic energy of combustion, by static bomb combustion calorimetry, as Δf H m 0=−217.1±1.4 kJ mol−1. The standard molar enthalpy of sublimation was measured, at T=298.15 K, by the microcalorimetric sublimation technique as Δcr g H m 0=103.5±1.9 kJ mol−1.

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The enthalpies of formation and evolved gas detection

H4SiW12O40·6H2O and its DMF and DMSO adducts

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Meiling Huang, Xian'e Cai, Daichun Du, Youming Jin, Jing Zhu, and Zemin Lin

Abstract  

The standard molar enthalpies of formation of H4SiW12O40·6H2O (I), H4SiW12O40·6DMF·H2O (II), H4SiW12O40·8DMSO·H2O (III) have been determined. Thermodynamic cycles were designed, and the heat of reactions in the thermodynamic cycles were measured calorimetrically. The infrared spectra were compared with those of the heteropoly anion α-H4SiW12O40 [1] and of the ligands DMF and DMSO. The evolved gas from the adducts was monitored by a quadrupole mass spectrometer at a heating rate of 16 deg·min−1.

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data of the standard molar enthalpy of formation plays an important role in theoretical study, application development and industrial production of a compound as a basis of theoretical analysis. In this article, ZnO nanosheets with uniform size

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Standard enthalpies of solution at 298 K of “A” type carbonate phosphobaryum hydroxyapatites versus the rate of CO 3 2− ions per unit cell Enthalpy of formation The direct measurement of

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Abstract  

The enthalpies of combustion for 4-formylbenzoic acid (I), 4-methylbenzyl alcohol (II), and trimethyl 1,2,4-benzenetricarboxylate (III) were determined by the bomb calorimetry method. Enthalpies of sublimation for I and II were measured with a calorimeter. The contributions of different substituents to the standard enthalpies of formation for benzene derivatives in the gas state were derived.

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Abstract  

Molar heat capacities (C p,m) of aspirin were precisely measured with a small sample precision automated adiabatic calorimeter over the temperature range from 78 to 383 K. No phase transition was observed in this temperature region. The polynomial function of C p,m vs. T was established in the light of the low-temperature heat capacity measurements and least square fitting method. The corresponding function is as follows: for 78 K≤T≤383 K, C p,m/J mol-1 K-1=19.086X 4+15.951X 3-5.2548X 2+90.192X+176.65, [X=(T-230.50/152.5)]. The thermodynamic functions on the base of the reference temperature of 298.15 K, {ΔH TH 298.15} and {S T-S 298.15}, were derived. Combustion energy of aspirin (Δc U m) was determined by static bomb combustion calorimeter. Enthalpy of combustion (Δc H o m) and enthalpy of formation (Δf H o m) were derived through Δc U m as - (3945.262.63) kJ mol-1 and - (736.411.30) kJ mol-1, respectively.

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Abstract  

Sr2CeO4 has been prepared by sol-combustion and co-precipitate routes and the resulting products have been characterized by XRD analysis. The molar enthalpies of solution of Sr2CeO4, Sr(NO3)2(s) and Ce(NO3)36H2O(s) in 0.150 dm3 of (4.41 mol dm3 H2O2+4.23 mol dm-3 of HNO3) solvent as well as the molar enthalpies of solution of Sr2CeO4(s), SrCl2(s) and CeCl3(s) in 0.150 dm3of (1.47 mol dm-3 H2O2+3.05 mol dm-3 of HClO4) solvent have been measured using an isoperibol type calorimeter. From these results and other auxiliary data, the standard molar enthalpy of formation of Sr2CeO4 has been derived to be -2277.33.1 kJ mol-1 at 298.15 K. This is the first reported thermodynamic data on this compound.

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Abstract  

From measurements of the enthalpy of solution of metal salts of 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one (NTO) in water, the standard enthalpies of formation of KNTO·H2O, Ba(NTO)2·3H2O, LiNTO·2H2O, Ca(NTO)2·4H2O and Gd(NTO)3·7H2O were determined as −(676.9±2.6), −(1627.0±2.5), −(966.6.3±2.2), −(1905.5±4.4) and −(3020.1±6.4) kJ·mol−1, respectively. From measurements of the enthalpy of precipitation of KNTO·H2O crystal with Pb(NO3)2(aq), CuSO4(aq) and Zn(NO3)2(aq), the standard enthalpies of formation of Pb(NTO)2·H2O, Cu(NTO)2·2H2O and Zn(NTO)2·H2O were determined as −(247.4±5.9), −(712.1±5.4) and −(628.8±5.7) kJ·mol−1, respectively.

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