In the article the manuscript of the first Arabic prose work is being
investigated. The author comes to the conclusion that it was written originally
in Greek by somebody who was attached to one of the rhetoric schools in Syria.
The Greek work contains the alleged correspondence between Aristotle and
Alexander the Great. The Greek version of the novel in letters must be dated
back to the sixth century A.D., thus the work is one of the last documents of
the classical Greek literature. Through this novel one can get a better insight
into the activity of the schools of rhetoric in the late Antiquity and the
question of Pseudo-Aristotle's treatises.
Following the loss of his political position in the 50s BC and the tragedy in his private life, the death of his daughter, Cicero turns to the genre of the consolatio, connecting the personal hardships with experiencing the final days of the republic, the loss of libertas and dignitas. The analysis focuses on the plan of the fanum to commemorate Tullia, which is mostly regarded by researchers as displeasing and exhibitionist even in the eyes of contemporaneous orators. However, the letters suggest otherwise. Extending the virtus shown in the interest of the community and the concept of post-mortem honour acknowledging it also to women, and connecting it to the notions of humanitas and oikeiósis, Cicero argues for the apotheosis of Tullia on the basis of moral philosophical considerations. When it becomes evident that the realisation of the plan would harm Caesar’s financial and political interests, the letters designate the killing of the dictator obstructing the ideal functioning of the civitas as a communal task for the sake of preserving the sancta societas.
Letters are important traces of Byzantine literary culture, but a comprehensive modern investigation is still lacking. This contribution is a preliminary work to a major project. It deals with certain aspects of Byzantine epistolography from the Late Antiquity to the end of the Byzantine Empire focusing on 1) the tradition of letter and letter-collections and 2) elements that constitute a Byzantine letter (style, forms of address, extent of letters, motifs).
the ‘illogical’ plural of the 1st person in epistolography in general, rather than in the political or even in the social conditions of the day.” 13 Per uno studio quantitativo sulle Verrine e sulla differenza di meus e noster in Cicerone, cfr