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References Arrow , K. J. ( 1972 ): General Economic Equilibrium: Purpose, Analytic Techniques, Collective Choice . Nobel Memorial Lecture, December 12. http

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, No. 17597. Johnson , J. – Nowak , A. – Ormerod , P. – Rosewell , B. – Zhang , Y.-C. (eds) ( 2017 ): Non-Equilibrium Social Science and Policy. Introduction and Essays

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. https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&pid=sites&srcid=ZGVmYXVsdGRvbWFpbnxrb2NoZXJsYWtvdGEwMDl8Z3g6MTAyZmIzODcxNGZiOGY4Yg. Kornai , J. ( 1971 ): Anti-Equilibrium: On Economic

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Abstract  

The heat, equilibrium, and kinetics of adsorption of 1-ethoxy-2-propanol vapours on granulated activated carbon were determined simultaneously by a reaction calorimeter SETARAM C80 D at T=298.15 K at various relative vapour pressures (0.1< p/p s<0.8). The adsorption isotherm was correlated by the Freundlich equation. It was observed that the enthalpies of adsorption decrease slightly with increasing of the relative vapour pressure of the adsorptive. The rate of adsorption were calculated from analysis of the heat flux signals and it was found that the mass-transfer coefficient for 1-ethoxy-2-propanol vapours in granulated activated carbon increased with increasing relative vapour pressure of the adsorptive.

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. Gibbs, J. W. (1906): On the Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Substances. In: The Scientific Papers of J. W. G. Vol. I. New York: Dover Inc. On the Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Substances

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. Arrow , K. J. ( 1974 ): General Economic Equilibrium: Purpose, Analytic Techniques, Collective Choice . The American Economic Review , 64 ( 3 ): 253 – 272 . Arrow , K

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Arrow, K.J. - Debreu, G. (1954): Existence of Equilibrium for a Competitive Economy. Econometrica , 22(3): 265–290. Debreu G Existence of Equilibrium for a Competitive Economy

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Abstract  

In this paper, examples are given of how calorimetric values can give greater certainty to phase equilibria calculated from thermodynamic data. Errors that may arise when phase diagram evaluations are carried out largely from the basis of Gibbs energy information only are illustrated by reference to recent evaluations of the Ti−Si system and the resulting calculated oxidation behaviour of titanium silicides. The importance of calorimetric values for calculation of metastable phase equilibria is demonstrated by results of work on the AlN−TiN hard-metal coating system. Finally, suggestions are made with regard to areas of work where calorimetric data are urgently needed.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
Linping Zhang
,
Xianlei Song
,
Yanyan Song
,
Zhanbo Sun
,
Qian Li
,
Xiaoping Song
, and
Liqun Wang

Introduction According to thermodynamic theories, the state of alloys can be divided into equilibrium and non-equilibrium. Non-equilibrium alloys generally exhibit some special mechanical and physical properties which are not

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coefficients for gaseous products) an important problem is description of thermodynamic conditions under which experiments are carried out. Classic ‘single kinetic triplet’ f(α) or g(α)-E-A applies to thermokinetic conditions, not necessarily equilibrium. In

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