McKENZIE, R., An algebraic version of categorical equivalence for varieties and more general algebraic categories, Logic and Algebra (Pontignano, 1994), 211-243, Lecture Notes in Pure and Appl. Math., 180, Dekker (New York, 1996). MR 98a :08010
Two semigroups are called strongly Morita equivalent if they are contained in a Morita context with unitary bi-acts and surjective
mappings. We consider the notion of context equivalence which is obtained from the notion of strong Morita equivalence by
dropping the requirement of unitariness. We show that context equivalence is an equivalence relation on the class of factorisable
semigroups and describe factorisable semigroups that are context equivalent to monoids or groups, and semigroups with weak
local units that are context equivalent to inverse semigroups, orthodox semigroups or semilattices.
There has recently been an upsurge of articles about 'intralingual translation': producing a version of a medical document that will be suitable for a lay readership or updating the language of classic literary texts. It is argued here that updating and dialect rewording are really instances of interlingual work, while preparing plain-language derived texts for lay readerships is so different from interlingual work that the word ‘translation’ should not be used. Such intralingual work differs procedurally, formally and in particular functionally from interlingual work. The main function of those preparing such texts is to explain or to make a text more readable, whereas most translators spend most of their time engaged in ‘equivalencing’: producing a target-language wording which they think means more or less the same as the corresponding passage in the source text. Translating is best seen as invariance-oriented work between languages, with non-equivalencing activities playing a minor though important role. Intralingual work on the contrary is varianceoriented; such work would be pointless if the aim was to preserve the style and the detailed denotative meaning of the source. Among the topics discussed are paraphrasing, editing, respeaking, repeating and intralingual reported discourse. The article concludes with a discussion of why the title question matters.
The authors present the theoretical bases and the results of an equivalence scale developed recently in the HSO. The paper shows how the income distribution and various measures of income inequality are affected by the choice of the equivalence scale. The authors investigate the impact of this choice on the phenomenon of poverty. According to the authors' opinion no global, generally applicable equivalence scale can be constructed because an appropriate scale is largely determined by the country's special circumstances. In order to change the present Hungarian practice they suggest not only professional, but also political consensus, because the choice of the equivalence scale can be advantageous for certain social groups, while disadvantageous for others.
Authors:J. Lesný, Z. Koreňova, J. Tölgyessy, B. Novruzi, and A. Çela
Trace amounts of cadmium were determined by sub- and super-equivalence isotope dilution analysis in model solutions and water samples. Cd/II/ was labelled with109Cd and was extracted in CHCl3 as dithiozonate. AAS was chosen as reference analysis.
Authors:Z. Koreňová, J. Lesný, J. Jagnešáková, T. Miškovič, O. Rohoň, and J. Tölgyessy
Sub- and super-equivalence method of isotope dilution analysis /variant CCV/ was applied for the determination of trace of strontium in radioactive solutions in the presence of about 1000-times larger amount of calcium. DC-18-C-6 crown ether was used as a selective reagent. Picrate anion was chosen as a complementary ion.
Convergence in Mallows distance is of particular interest when heavy-tailed distributions are considered. For 1≦α<2, it constitutes an alternative technique to derive central limit type theorems for non-Gaussian α-stable laws. In this note, we further explore the connection between Mallows distance and convergence in distribution. Conditions for their equivalence are presented.
Preliminary studies were conducted on the coupling of sub-super equivalence isotope dilution analysis and radiometric flowinjection analysis techniques.109Cd was used as tracer and an attempt was made for extraction of cadmium from the aqueous phase into the organic phase (chloroform) by using dithizone.