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Orvosi Hetilap
Authors:
Judit Lám
,
Erzsébet Rózsa
,
Mónika Kis Szölgyémi
, and
Éva Belicza

The National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention (NCC MERP) (2008) About Medication Errors. Elérhető: www.nccmerp.org/aboutMedErrors.html (megtekintve: 2011. április 11

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–119. Hatwagner M., Horváth A. The effect of computer network errors on genetic algorithms, Pollack Periodica , Vol. 2, No. 2, 2007, pp. 3–12. Horváth A. The effect of computer network

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REFERENCES [1] Brent , R. P ., Platt , D. J ., and Trudgian , T. S . The mean square of the error term in the prime number theorem . arXiv:2008.06140 . [2] Cramèr , H . Some theorems concerning prime numbers

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1 Introduction Any instrument used for measurement has imperfections that increase error in the measurement results. It is because parts of these measuring devices cannot be made and fitted together perfectly

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-Mañas & Hurtado Albir, 2015 ), to name a few. We have also seen a noticeable proliferation of error categories in the models used to assess translation, perhaps most noticeable of these being the MQM (Multidimensional Quality Metrics) customizable model ( Mariana

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This paper investigates the effect of electrode positioning errors on the inverted pseudosection. Instead of random spacing errors (as usually assumed in geoelectrics) we exactly measured this effect among field conditions. In the field, in spite of the greatest possible care, the electrode positions contain some inaccuracy: either in case of dense undergrowth, or varied topography, or very rocky field. In all these cases, it is not possible to put the electrodes in their theoretical position. As a consequence, the position data will contain some error. The inaccuracies were exactly determined by using a laser distance meter. The geometrical data from real field conditions and by using Wenner- α , Wenner- β , pole-dipole and pole-pole arrays were then considered over homogeneous half space.As we have found, the positioning errors can be regarded as insignificant, even in case of relatively uncomfortable field conditions. However, in case of very rocky surface the distortions are more significant, but it is still possible to make some corrections: either by neglecting a few electrode positions with the greatest positioning error, or to minimize the inline errors, even on the price that offline deviations are high.

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Although the errors of the modelparameters increase if the primary measuring errors are artificially increased by superposition of surplus errors to the measured values, if this surplus error superposition, however, is carried out many times enough, the medians of the inversion-determined modelparameters can be more (or even much more) accurate than the modelparameter got by one single inversion of the originally measured data. The practical application of this fundamental conception is shown in the present paper on a microgravimetric example. It turned out that this ``surplus error method'' can give well applicable modelparameters even if some modelparameter values are fully unusable if these values are calculated directly on the basis of the original measuring data but using only one single inversion.

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In the present paper 9 error characteristics are detailedly investigated by Monte Carlo calculations in point of view of the fluctuation of their estimates. In all 9 cases the error characteristic is defined as the minimum value of a modern norm of deviations, just in the same manner as in the classical statistics the s scatter was defined as the minimum value of the L 2-norm. The results are in Table I summarized and in Figs 1-9 presented for five parent distribution types and for five sample sizes: n = 5; 9; 25; 100 and 400; the statistical fluctuation is characterized by the relative semi-intersextile ranges of the minimum norms (N = 200000 repetition number was chosen in the Monte Carlo calculations). On the basis of the values of Table I the uncertainties can be determined with such accuracy which is seldom required in the practice. Because of the fact that ordinarily 15-20% is accepted as the "error of the error", in the Table III asymptotic values are also given to give possibility to the simplest: according to A asympt/vn executed calculations.

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In academic environments, the question of quality is often related to that of quantity. This paper presents a quantitative analysis of translation evaluation quality by focusing on several issues: a) the number of actions performed by evaluators as related to quality judgments; b) evaluator coincidence in mistakes detected (saliency of phenomena) as related to their nature; and c) quality judgment as related to the presence or absence of the most salient phenomena in the translated texts. Four groups of participants evaluated 48 translations; the results discussed derive from their actual performance. The results suggest that evaluators exhibiting a minimum level of detail in their work should be thorough in their evaluative work for, if they are not, they run the risk of being too generous in their evaluations. Among the error judgments for which there is the highest degree of coincidence are those on divergent interpretation of the original text, terminology, syntax, (language) use and misprints. Conversely, evaluators do not usually coincide in pointing out punctuation, format, proper nouns, clarity, cohesion or appropriateness phenomena. Finally, texts including the most salient phenomena receive worse grades than those without them; this points to an implicit hierarchy of phenomena according to the extent to which evaluators coincide in pointing them out.

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the mean squared error and NSE performance criteria: Implications for improving hydrological modeling , Journal of Hydrology , Vol. 377 , No. 1–2 , 2009 , pp. 80 – 91 . [10

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