, 2011 ), exercise dependence ( Hausenblas & Symons Downs, 2002 ), and exerciseaddiction ( Terry et al., 2004 ).
The two terms that have been most commonly adopted are those of exercise dependence and exerciseaddiction , which are
problematic and addictive adolescent gambling behavior ( Edgren et al., 2016 ) and video gaming behavior ( King, Haagsma, Delfabbro, Gradisar, & Griffiths, 2013 ) but not for adolescent exerciseaddiction.
Exerciseaddiction is characterized by
, and stress-relief ( Berczik et al., 2012 ; Weinstein & Weinstein, 2014 ). Exerciseaddiction may result in physical, medical, financial, and social problems ( Berczik et al., 2012 ). Finally, individuals who are addicted to exercise will continue
); however, there is no consensus on the upper limits of intensity, frequency, and duration to exercise in an optimal way. In recent decades, a new behavioral addiction called “ExerciseAddiction” (EA) has been observed when exercisers overtrain and
Scholars have asserted that exerciseaddiction is a psychological dysfunction in which the exerciser loses control over their exercise behaviour ( Szabo, 2010 ). The affected individual behaves compulsively
., Parastatidou , I.S ., Ruíz-Barquín , R ., & Szabo , A . ( 2016 ). Exerciseaddiction in athletes and leisure exercisers: The moderating role of passion . Journal of Behavioral Addictions , 5 ( 2 ), 325 – 331 . Demetrovics , Z ., & Kurimay T
, exercise dependence, and exerciseaddiction. The latter term involves both compulsion and dependence ( Goodman, 1990 ), but they are used interchangeably in the literature to denote the same problem.
We talk about exerciseaddiction when significant
stress ( Stevens, Loudon, Yow, Bowden, & Humphrey, 2013 ). The need for high volume of exercise and a loss of control over it is referred to as “exerciseaddiction” ( Berczik et al., 2014 ; Szabo, 2010 ).