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. Specifically, we hypothesized that people who are religious may place their faith in a higher power – a higher power that will intervene to ensure they will experience positive events in their life. For example, people who place their faith in higher power

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of Traumatic Stress, 13 (3), 521—527. Fowler, J.W. (1981). Stages of faith: The psychology of human development and quest for meaning. San Francisco: Harper and Row Frazier, P., Tennen, H

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A modern társadalomban a vallás jelentősen átalakult; nem csak a vallás intézményes háttere, hanem a hittartalmak, a valláshoz való viszonyulás, a vallásgyakorlás formái is. Míg korábban a vallás fogalma mindenki számára egyértelmű volt, manapság a hit, a spiritualitás és a vallásosság már nem fonódnak olyan szorosan össze. Serdülőkorban az egyéni életút és életcélok vonatkozásában, a világkép megalapozásában, az értékek és erkölcsi elvek integrálásában egyfajta útkeresés zajlik. Az identitáskeresés pedig szorosan összefügg a spirituális fejlődéssel. Tanulmányunk célja a vallásgyakorlás, a valláshoz való viszonyulás feltérképezése a szegedi középiskolás ifjúság körében, beleértve a vallási hovatartozást, a vallási aktivitást, a spirituális és vallási hittartalmak elfogadását, a vallás fontosságát életükben, valamint a spirituális jóllétet. Az elemzéshez a Szegedi Ifjúságkutatás 2010-es adatbázisát használtuk fel (N = 656). Saját mintánk vallási aktivitása nem tér el jelentősen sem az országos reprezentatív vizsgálatok eredményeitől, sem más hazai kutatások eredményeitől, ellenben jóval elmarad az amerikai fiatalok értékeitől. Klaszteranalízis segítségével a fiatalok négy csoportját sikerült elkülöníteni a valláshoz/spiritualitáshoz való viszonyulásuk alapján: vallást elutasító nem hívők; vallásra/spiritualitásra nyitottak; vallásos/spirituális hívők; misztika és vallás híján boldogulók – ezek nagyjából lefedik a Lambert által leírt csoportokat. A középiskolások vallásossága/spiritualitása tehát sokszínű, és összefügg lelki egészségükkel, egészség-magatartásukkal.

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The Gospel of John differs fundamentally from the synoptic Gospels, both as an historical source and a literary work. Some scholars consider that this gospel is to be interpreted from gnosis, a 2nd-century Mediterranean religious movement. Others deny this connection, assuming that John’s Gospel originates earlier than the emergence of the gnosis. This paper concentrates on the typical Johannine, and gnostic, motif of “misunderstanding”, which is reflected in the Fourth Gospel as faithlessness and sin. We will examine parallels in the recently discovered Gospel of Judas and in the writings of the Nag Hammadi Library. We will also attempt to interpret the function of “misunderstanding”.

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At present Swedens, like other industrialized countries, a highly secularized society. The Church of Sweden, divorced from the state in the year 2000, has lost most of its influence and has become more or less a service institution to lend solemnity to the rites-de-passage of life: baptism, weddings and funerals. Since the 1930s there has been a politically oriented change in the view of the family. The core family as the foundation of society has gradually been dissolved. The system in which the housewife takes care of her family and home with the husband as the sole provider has changed. Both husband and wife pay tax on their own incomes, rather than each paying tax on half of the fam ly’s total income.

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Disentangling phonological well-formedness and attestedness

An ERP study of onset clusters in English

Acta Linguistica Academica
Authors: James White and Faith Chiu

Disentangling the roles of phonological well-formedness and lexical attestedness in phonotactic processing has proven challenging. In this study, we present results from a passive listening ERP study showing that English speakers exhibit distinct neural responses to CCVC nonce words according to the phonological well-formedness and attestedness (in English) of the onset cluster. Clusters with poor sonority sequencing evoked an N400 effect compared to those without poor sonority sequencing, regardless of whether the well-formed clusters were attested in English. In contrast, unattested clusters, regardless of whether they were well-formed or ill-formed in terms of sonority sequencing, evoked a late positivity compared to attested clusters. The results suggest that listeners first perform a phonological analysis on potential words before submitting them to a lexical search.

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The present study examines the fate of a Greek Catholic parish in Székely Land, more specifically the inhabitants of Kostelek (Coşnea) based on the archival and anthropological field research of the author placing it within the context of the findings of earlier research on the 20th century identification struggles of Hungarian-speaking Greek Catholics in Hungary. For Greek Catholics of Ruthenian and Romanian origin assimilated to the majority Hungarians, their linguistic-national and religious identities were often incompatible during the 20th century. The problematic situations resulting from this “collision of identities” were treated by individual communities in a variety of ways, and Hungarian Greek Catholics living within changing state lines chose various identification routes. The case study presented here will demonstrate that all this, beyond the political changes, was closely related to the pastoral activity of the local priesthood and to particular local conditions.

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