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In most former Yugoslavia republics, the beginnings of ethnochoreological research can be traced back to the first decades of the 20 th century ( Zebec 1996 :89–110; Opetcheska Tatarchevska 2008 :30–39; Rakočević 2015 :27–44). However, as is the

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The goal of the present study is twofold. The first goal is to identify the current status of Slovene literature in the Turkish literary system and to explore the ways in which Slovene and Yugoslav literatures have been (non-)translated into Turkish during the past 50 years. After providing a background to the scarcity of translations from the languages of the former Yugoslav republics into Turkish, the paper proceeds with pursuing its second goal and sets out to investigate a major point of contact between Yugoslav literature and the Turkish literary field by focusing on the first Turkish edition of Ivo Andrić’s famous novel, The Bridge over the Drina (Drina Köprüsü) published in 1962. The novel and the discourse formed around it will enable a problematization of a number of translational issues that have recently been under close scrutiny in translation studies. One of them is translation movements among the less widely spoken languages and the conditions that mediate literary contacts among these languages as exemplified by the case of Turkish and Serbo-Croatian. The paper will also discuss the issue of non-translation in connection with this. A second issue which will be tackled in the paper is the Nobel Prize for Literature and its influence over publishers, translators and readers, as exemplified by the interest shown in Andrić, following shortly after his reception of the prize in 1961.

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The “other side” of architectural reconstruction

Professional, social and political questions in architectural reconstruction by the example of old bridge in mostar

Építés - Építészettudomány
Authors: Maja Toshikj and Ákos Zsembery

Focusing on architectural reconstructions after armed conflicts1 in the area of the former Yugoslav republics2, we would like to present the “other side” of the reconstruction by the example of the Old Bridge in Mostar; or rather, what is determinative in this special area of monumental preservation over the professional consideration: the social and political aspects. These aspects will be dealt with in more detail by examining the overall post-conflict reconstruction situation of cultural heritage in Bosnia and Herzegovina, involving diverse opinions from experts and international assistance. This article re-examines, among others, the prosperity of the recovery indicating an authenticity question, posed as: “how far can an authentic experience be recreated or conjured through the simulation of an absent original monument?”3

We evaluate the process and stages of the reconstruction of the Old Bridge in a spirit of “identical” restoration, by understanding its structure and rebuilding in identical shape and dimension, using original materials and construction techniques, based on archival documents. The judgement of the architectural reconstruction or rebuilding also depends on multiple aspects: the recognition and assertion of the hierarchy of values — material or physical, as well as intangible or immaterial. Delayed in the process, by nearly a decade due to the political and economic situation, it is important to evaluate several problems that occur, emphasizing in turn: the question of the original form, original spaces in the mirror of the history that formed in another way. This side raises ethical and moral questions as well.

The approach and judgement of the architectural reconstruction is also different in the republics of the former Yugoslavia after the recent armed conflict. Seeing the diverseness in the social and political background the question arises whether the new reconstruction is another layer in the “stratigraphy” of the monument or it is the lockup of the past?

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COM(2018) 65 final , European Commission ( 2018 b): The Former Yugoslav Republic of

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The aim of this study was to assess the influence of civil war during recent disintegration of the former Yugoslavia on scientific output, as measured by changes in numbers of articles published in peer-reviewed journals. The articles published in journals indexed in the Science Citation Index (SCI) were retrieved for the former Yugoslav republics. According to the census of 1991, the republics" populations were as follows: Serbia 9.7 million inhabitants, Croatia 4.7, Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) 4.3, Macedonia 2.0, Slovenia 1.9, and Montenegro 0.6. The annual numbers of articles from each were determined from 1988 to 2000. This period includes three prewar years, 5 years of civil war from 1991 to 1995, and the NATO military interventions in B&H (1995) and F.R. Yugoslavia (1999), which includes Serbia and Montenegro. In the late 1980s, Serbia produced more than 900 scientific articles per year and was well ahead, with twice as many publications as Slovenia. The number of publications from Croatia fell between that of Serbia and Slovenia. In the prewar period, the remaining republics had a relatively small scientific presence. The outputs from B&H decreased, from 50 articles in 1991, sharply during the war and continued to decrease. During the postwar period only 18 to 27 papers per year were published. In 1995, the output from Serbia dropped 33% in comparison to 1991. Slovenia produced more publications that year while Croatia was stagnant, and 3 most productive states had a similar output. In 1998, Serbia produced 1543 publications, Slovenia 1116, Croatia 1103, Macedonia 100, B&H 25, and Montenegro 12. The number of articles from Serbia dropped in 1999 and 2000 for 10.2% and 27.9%, respectively, in comparison to 1998. For the same two years, the number of publications was increased in Croatia (37.3% and 12,5%), Slovenia (10.9% and 52.8%), Macedonia (5% and 6%) and Montenegro (75% and 66%). The concentration of scientific research in well-established universities caused an uneven distribution of scientific output among various republics. Thus, the annual output of scientific papers per 100,000 inhabitants in 1990 greatly varied in various republics. In Montenegro it was 1.79, B&H 1.95, Macedonia 2,36, Serbia 11.92, Croatia 18.40 and Slovenia 29.63. In 2000, the annual output per 100,000 inhabitants in these republics was 3.41, 0.61, 5.24, 11,34, 26.00 and 76.84, respectively. The scientific production in B&H and in Serbia was affected not only by the devastated economy, damaged communications, and hardship of everyday life during the war and postwar years, but because many scientists left the country, and the scientists in Serbia were isolated from the international scientific community.

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References Angelovska , N.P. – Ackovska , M. – Bojnec, Š. ( 2012 ): Agricultural Land Markets and Land Leasing in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia . Centre

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: Suva Planina Mts and its surroundings . – Studia bot. hung. 40 : 125 – 142 . Papp , B. and Erzberger , P. ( 2012 ): Contribution to the bryophyte flora of the Former Yugoslav

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(42%) as well as in other four countries of the Region, which have submitted their AMR data to the CAESAR (The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, 41%; Belarus, 35%; Turkey, 26%; and Switzerland, 5%) [15] . Of note is that of the listed countries

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the hegemonial politics and attempts at appropriation by Greece. Its very name and even the language were denied. Therefore, it was renamed the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and since 2018 North Macedonia. The two case studies in the focus of

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