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not examine the possibility of a gender difference in how parental attachment influences PIU. In other words, it is not at all clear whether the importance of maternal (over paternal) attachment in inhibiting PIU is applicable to problematic users of

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. B. Cook H. Hausenblas 2010 Gender differences in exercise dependence's affect on quality of life Annals of Behavioral

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Sebastiano Costa
,
Heather A. Hausenblas
,
Patrizia Oliva
,
Francesca Cuzzocrea
, and
Rosalba Larcan

Gender differences in competitive runners and their motive for physical activity The European Journal of Psychiatry 17 157 171

Open access
Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Seung-Yup Lee
,
Donghwan Lee
,
Cho Rong Nam
,
Da Yea Kim
,
Sera Park
,
Jun-Gun Kwon
,
Yong-Sil Kweon
,
Youngjo Lee
,
Dai Jin Kim
, and
Jung-Seok Choi

patterns were found to differ by gender among university students. Three distinct Internet and smartphone user groups were identified for each gender. Males were classified into similar low, moderate, and high addiction groups for both Internet and

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gaming skills as studies have observed that female gamers show comparable gaming skills to male gamers ( Shen, Ratan, Cai, & Leavitt, 2016 ). Gender-related differences have been observed in multiple addictive behaviors, including those relating

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A társadalmi nemek kutatása, ezen belül a gender és az egészség kapcsolata a szaktudományok, megközelítésmódok, részterületek széles spektrumát foglalja magába. A genderkutatás központi kategóriái a nemi szerep, a nemi szerepszocializáció, valamint a nemi szerepek megvalósításával kapcsolatos szerepstressz. Jelen tanulmány ízelítőt kíván adni a nemek eltérő mortalitási, morbiditási és viselkedési jellegzetességeit tárgyaló újabb angol nyelvű szakirodalomból, európai, észak-amerikai és ázsiai szakfolyóiratoknak a témával kapcsolatos legfrissebb közleményei alapján.

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Theory 1998 Albanesi, S. - Olivetti, C. (2009): Home Production, Market Production and the Gender Wage Gap: Incentives and

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This paper aims to examine gender differences in hedging in Chinese–English conference interpreting based on a transcribed parallel corpus. The point of departure was to test Holmes’s (1986, 1988a) claims that women do not necessarily employ more hedges than men but that women’s use of hedges tends to focus more on interpersonal relationships while men’s is more on propositional precision. Hyland’s (1996a, 1996b) model in which hedges were categorized into accuracy-oriented, speaker-oriented and audience-oriented, has been adapted for this end. Our finding shows that male interpreters actually employ more hedges than their female counterparts on the whole. In particular, their accuracy-oriented and speaker-oriented hedges exceed those of female interpreters, but not for audience-oriented ones. To find out whether these differences were caused by the source texts per se or by interpreters’ manipulation, we named four types of interpreting approach towards hedge items: direct transfer, indirect transfer, shift and addition. The former two types were identified as source text interference while the latter two as interpreters’ manipulation. The results indicate that male interpreters exceed female interpreters in terms of shift and addition cases in all three types of hedges. The findings of the present study contribute to a more profound understanding of gender difference in language mediation and also have implications for future interpreter training.

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Több mint tíz éve vezetek gender-kurzust a Semmelweis Egyetemen, 1998 óta vannak gender-témájú Európai Uniós pályázataink. Egészségügyi és népesedési szempontból a gender-kutatások lényege, hogy az átalakult kulturális, történelmi-tárasadalmi helyzetben hogy lehet új típusú együttműködést kialakítani nők és férfiak között, ez hogyan függ össze a testi-lelki egészségi állapottal és a demográfiai helyzettel. Fontos kérdéskör, hogy a nemi szerepek átalakulásával létrejött új helyzetben hogyan lehet megelőzni negatív népegészségügyi és népesedési következményeket. Az általunk szervezett Hungarostudy felmérésekben ezért kezdettől nagy hangsúllyal szerepeltek ezek a kérdések. A jelen gender-különszám ezekből a kutatási eredményekből nyújt részleges áttekintést. Törekeszünk arra is, hogy a témában megjelent eddigi publikációinkból is minél teljesebb körű áttekintést adjunk.

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Acta Physiologica Hungarica
Authors:
J. Didziapetriene
,
Birute Kazbariene
,
B. Surinenaite
,
A. Krikstaponiene
,
A. Ulys
,
S. Uleckiene
,
N. Samalavicius
, and
R. Stukas

Functions of the antioxidative system and cytokines are important factors that can influence the development of cancer. The aim of this study was to determine gender-related differences in the concentration of inflammatory cytokine IL-18 and alterations of antioxidative system parameters after surgical treatment of renal cell carcinoma patients. The study comprised 40 patients (22 women and 18 men). The level of peroxidation product malonodialdehyde (MDA), the status of the antioxidative system and the concentration of interleukin-18 (IL-18) were analyzed. A significant difference in the changes of antioxidative system reflecting parameters was observed according to the gender. In the male group with higher IL-18 concentration after surgery the level of MDA was lower, while in the women group it did not change and the level of catalase activity was higher; superoxide dismutase activity was higher in both groups. It is important to notice that our previous study (where the data were not analyzed in respect of gender) showed that the level of IL-18 was significantly higher after surgical treatment if MDA content was increased. More detailed studies are required to confirm in which cases association between IL-18 concentration and MDA level is related to cancer progression and in which cases — to the better prognosis depending on the patients’ gender.

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