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Lisowski, P., Pierzchała, M., Gościk, J., Pareek, C. S. and Zwierzchowski, L. (2008): Evaluation of reference genes for studies of gene expression in the bovine liver, kidney, pituitary, and thyroid. J. Appl. Genet. 49 , 367

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various alterations in both morphology and gene expression. Detachment of the cells from the culture surface and formation of spheroids could be found. This is in accordance with the results of Kopp et al. ( 16 ), who observed incipient cell detachment of

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Bakos J, Bobryshev P, Tillinger A, Kvetnansky R, Jezova D: Phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase gene expression in the heart and blood pressure response to oxytocin treatment in rats exposed to voluntary wheel running. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1148, 302

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suppressor gene expression. Anticancer Res. , 21 , 3937–3940. Ember I. Long term effects of 1-nitropyrene on oncogene and tumor suppressor gene expression

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The complex interplay between Mycoplasma synoviae and chicken chondrocytes (CCH), which come into direct contact during infectious synovitis, has been examined at the level of gene expression. Our previous studies demonstrated a significant influence of M. synoviae on the level of CCH gene expression. Here, we show for the first time that in vitro co-cultivation of M. synoviae and CCH also induces upregulation of gene expression in this mycoplasma. We observed significantly increased expression of genes important for M. synoviae pathogenicity, including cysteine protease cysP, neuraminidase nanH, haemagglutinin vlhA, and the putative nuclease MS53_0284. Moreover, the pattern of gene expression was dependent on the infection environment. In CCH, significant changes in the expression of genes encoding catabolic enzymes of the cartilage extracellular matrix (cathepsins B, K and L, aggrecanase ADAM10, and matrix metalloproteinase MMP2) were demonstrated. Infection of CCH with M. synoviae also elevated the expression of the gene encoding peptidyl arginine deiminase, type III (PADI3), which is responsible for the post-translational citrullination of proteins.

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Authors: Mária Kovács, Rita Papp, Z. Varga-Orvos, Dalma Ménesi, L. Puskás and Ágnes Végh

and molecular biology an application for the gene expression profile of regional ischemic myocardium. Circ. J. 67 , 788–792. Minamino T. Canine DNA array as a potential tool for

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.03.013 Hong , Y. H. , Lillehoj , H. S. , Lee , S. H. , Dalloul , R. A. and Lillehoj , E. P. ( 2006 ): Analysis of chicken cytokine and chemokine gene expression following Eimeria acervulina and Eimeria tenella infections . Vet. Immunol

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Authors: M. T. Le, I. Porcelli, C. M. Weight, D. J. H. Gaskin, S. R. Carding and A. H. M. van Vliet

H. Irene M. Slavik 2009 Stress-induced adaptive tolerance response and virulence gene expression in Campylobacter jejuni

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Authors: Fatemeh Alipour, Mehdi Jalali, Mohammad Reza Nikravesh, Alireza Fazel, Mojtaba Sankian and Elnaz Khordad

. ( 2013 ) Effects of vitamin-E treatment on CatSper genes expression and sperm quality in the testis of the aging mouse . Iran J. Reprod. Med. 11 , 989 – 998 . 21. Mohammadi

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., He , H., Swaggerty , C. L. and Jiang , Y. ( 2013 ): Modulation of chicken intestinal immune gene expression by small cationic peptides as feed additives during the first week posthatch. Clin. Vaccine Immunol. 20

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