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Cereal Research Communications
Authors: A. shahnejat Bushehri, A. Salavati, B. yazdi Samadi, M. Hassani, and S. Shahnejat Bushehri

Brandlard, G., Dardevet, M., Nieto-Taladriz, M.T., Khelife, D. 1993 Allelic of omega gliadins as revealed by SDS-PAGE. Their possible implication in quality variation. Gluten 93 :234

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14 Bushuk W and R R Zillman, 1978: Wheat cultivar identification by gliadin electrophoregrams. I Apparatus, method and nomenclature. Can. J. Plant Sci. 58 : 505

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between gliadin bands and flour quality characteristics. J. Cereal Sci. 3 :329–343. Dardevet M. Diversity of grain proteins and bread wheat quality. I. Correlation between gliadin

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Aguiriano, E., Ruiz, M., Fite, R., Carrillo, J.M. 2006. Analysis of genetic variability in a sample of the durum wheat ( Titicum durum Desf.) Spanish collection based on gliadin markers. Genet. Res. Crop Evol

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1038 1045 Uthayakumaran, S., Tomoskozi, S., Tatham, A.S., Savage, A.W.J., Gianbelli, M.C., Stoddard, F.L. & Bekes, F. (2001): Effects of gliadin fractions on

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The objective of this study is the analysis of polymorphism in seed endosperm proteins (gliadins and glutenins) of Turkish cultivated einkorn wheat [Triticum monococcum ssp. monococcum] landraces. The genetic diversity of high-molecular-weight (HMW) glutenin subunits and the gliadin proteins in 10 landrace populations of cultivated einkorn wheat, originating from Turkey, was investigated using sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and ammonium lactic acid polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (A-PAGE), respectively. For glutenins, the mean number of alleles, the mean number of effective alleles, the mean value of genetic diversity and the mean value of average genetic diversity were detected as 3.50, 2.98, 0.65 and 0.28, respectively. The genetic differentiation was 0.57, while gene flow was 0.19 between populations. For gliadins, the mean number of alleles, the mean number of effective alleles, the mean value of total genetic diversity and the genetic diversity within population were detected as 2.00, 1.21, 0.17 and 0.15, respectively. The genetic differentiation was 0.08, whereas gene flow was 6.15 between populations. STRUCTURE is a software package program for population genetic analysis, was used to infer population structures of landraces populations. The optimum value for K was obtained as 10. Considering the high number of proteins and genetic variation, and increased interest in organic products, the farming of einkorn wheat should be supported and conservation of germplasm in landraces should be maintained as important genetic resources. The landraces germplasm should be conserved for future crop improvement processes.

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. 1989 77 689 700 Anderson, O.D., Hsia, C.C., Torres, V. 2001. The wheat γ -gliadin genes: Characterization of ten

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216 81 90 Dachkevitch, T., Redaelli, R., Biancardi, A.M., Metakovsky, E.V., Pogna, N.E. 1993. Genetics of gliadins coded by the group 1 chromosomes

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242 83 99 Caballero, L., Martýn, L.M., Alvarez, J.B. 2004. Variation and genetic diversity for gliadins in Spanish spelt wheat accessions. Genet

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Basky, Zs. and Fónagy, A. (2003): Glutenin and gliadin contents of flour derived from wheat infested with different aphid species. Pest Manag. Sci. 59 , 426-430. Glutenin and gliadin

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