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diagram for IEEE publication analysis to discuss global competition and technological transition. For global competition, we calculate the number of periodical and conference articles by country, the number of countries appearing in periodicals and

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A globális termék/szolgáltatás- és munkapiaci verseny kontextusában az elméleti és gyakorlati szakemberek –az 1990-es évtized második felétől –a nemzetgazdaságok alkalmazkodóképess__

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Competitive pressures of the world economy are continuously reshaping the global supply chains of manufacturing firms. At the same time, global competition is altering the nature of output offered by manufacturers, shifting it towards a higher share of service elements. The goal of this paper is to investigate how these two factors are combined, using a sample of manufacturing companies from 13 European countries belonging to the assembly industries of fabricated metal products, machinery and equipment. The results indicate that different business models became dominant in the less developed Eastern European and the developed Western European region. Involving measures of business performance and reasons for plant location, this study also argues that in terms of service offerings and supply chain position, other types of business models can coexist and successfully prevail in the two regions.

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Abstract  

It has been about 30 years since China adopted an open-up and reform policy for global competition and collaboration. This opening-up policy is accompanied by a spectacular growth of the country’s economy as well as visibility in the world’s scientific literature. Also China’ competitiveness in scientific research has grown, and is mirroring the development of the country’s economy. On the other hand, international collaboration of most countries dramatically increased during the last two decades and accompanied the growth of science in emerging economies. Thus the question arises of whether growth of competitiveness in research is accompanied by an intensification of collaboration in China as well. In the present study we analyse the dynamics and the national characteristics of China’s co-operation in a global context. We also study research profile and citation impact of international collaboration with respect to the corresponding domestic ‘standards’.

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The study of happiness and economics indicates a paradox: rising income has not led to increases in long term levels of life satisfaction. Evidence shows that citizens adapt to the growth of GDP, but an important difference among certain countries in connection with life satisfaction and the deviation from trend growth has been found: Spain, Italy, Portugal and Greece adapt to the trend growth of their economies; other European countries, however, do not. This suggests that some characteristics of their welfare state, such as the inability to create sufficient equity might leave their citizens more dependent on economic variables such as rising income. Only in boom times can the young, uneducated or the elderly find access to the otherwise restricted labor market and have a chance to escape the poverty trap. In this regard the paper places special emphasis on the issue of global competition by linking the subject with the current state of the European Union.

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Canadian firms respond to the challenges and opportunities of global competition by increasing their research productivity and the rate of innovation. The competitive edge for Canadian industry must now be based on a new appreciation of the dynamics of R & D, as well as management practices and strategies which are relevant to the systems which underpin innovation. New R & D and management models are being adopted by firms to cope with the dynamic and complex nature of innovation, the growing importance of transactions and linkages within innovation systems and the range of financial, human, social and environmental factors which now impact on technology assessment and decision-making. Given this new paradigm, evaluation techniques are being created and adopted by Canadian industry which provide them with a greater understanding of the value of their research and enhance the agility of their technology management. But, these developments are not confined to industry. Of equal importance is the convergence of evaluation methods used in both industry and governments to assess research and technology. The methods used by industry are now the techniques employed by governments to assess their own R & D and to formulate industrial S & T policies and strategies.

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Society and Economy (1998): Microeconomic Factors of Competitiveness of the Hungarian Economy. Society and Economy, Special Issue: In Global Competition, 3: 7-158. Microeconomic Factors of Competitiveness of the Hungarian

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. Doz, Y. - Prahalad, C. K. (1988): Quality of Management: An Emerging Source of Competitive Advantage. In: Hood, N. - Vahlne, J. E. (eds): Strategies in Global Competition. London: Croom Helm. Quality of

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A PhD-fokozatot szerzettek karrierje a társadalom- és humán tudományokban

Career of PhD doctorates in the Social Sciences and Humanities

Educatio
Authors: Annamária Inzelt and László Csonka

) The Global Competition for Talent: Mobility of the Highly Skilled . OECD, Paris. 22 Pálinkó, É. (2013) Tudományos fokozattal rendelkező fiatalok életpályája

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Competitiveness. In: The European Agro-Food System and the Challenge of Global Competition . ISMEA, June. Fertö, I. — Forgács, C. — Juhász, A. — Kürthy, G. (2004): Country study — Hungary

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