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Bhagawat, S. A. and Rutte, C. (2006): Sacred groves: potential for biodiversity management. — Front. Ecol. Environ. 4 : 519–524. Rutte C

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The past was reinvented in the Augustan culture through true or fictitious archaic cults, and this paper deals with some priesthoods related to sacred groves, or with the iconography of sacred luci appearing in some coins. Some examples are considered, such as an inscription from Peñaflor/Celti (Seville) mentioning a pontufex nemoris, a reference to the eques P. Aelius Marcellus, who appears in an epigraph from Umbria not only as Laurens Lavinas but also as flamen lucularis, or some images that document the reception of ancient notions of the sacred groves in the Roman provinces, as some recurrent types in the coins of Juba II of Mauritania depicting trees with an altar between them and the legend Lucus Augusti show. The question of whether these manifestations are merely expression of loyalism to the Emperor or whether they might imply some kind of local tradition is also posed.

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The subject of the present study is the monitoring of the hardwood groves at the Martonvásár Manor Park with the involvement of 20 earlier (recorded in 1980–1981) and 20 current (recorded in 2011–2012) phytocoenological relevés. The manor park was created in the first half of the 19th century. Since then the woods along the St László stream have developed into species-rich and semi-natural forests, which can be identified as related to the oak-ash-elm groves (Scillo vindobonensis-Ulmetum) of the Zámoly Basin and the Csepel Island. The results of the current monitoring repeated 30 years after the first survey show momentous changes in forest dynamics such as the ageing-related opening of the upper canopy and an intense closure of the lower canopy and shrub layer. The ratio of the invasive species doubled. Present findings may provide additional information for long-term forest ecology research, however, results could be considered as changes of a semi-natural hardwood forest with minimal human impact.

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H. Grove 2007 Proteomics 7 4613 . [11]. B. Becher

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Thermoplastic masterbatches are a complex blend of the base thermoplastic resin, a pigment and a range of additive materials. End use applications of masterbatches include agricultural film, packaging film, injection moulding of small and large bottles, boxes and crates and extrusion of pipe and sheet. Thermal analysis is a very useful tool for the characterisation of the physical properties of both masterbatches and finished product. This report will show the use of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) to identify the melt profiles of masterbatches and to determine oxidative stability. Thermogravimetric analysis (TG) is very useful for the determination of the composition of masterbatches, for the study of batch to batch variability and for a comparison of a material with competitive products. The use of High Resolution TGA (Hi-Res TGA) will be shown to give greater resolution between overlapping weight loss steps leading to better quantification of components within the masterbatch when compared to conventional TG.

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Sacrificing – Feasting – Cursing

Rituals in the Magna Mater Sanctuaries of Kempraten (Switzerland) and Mainz (Germany). An Interdisciplinary Approach

Acta Antiqua Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Author: Pirmin Koch


During rescue excavations between 2009 and 2013 carried out at the periphery of the vicus at Kempraten (municipality of Rapperswil-Jona, St. Gallen, Switzerland) a Gallo-Roman sanctuary, dating from the second quarter of the 2nd to the end of the 3rd century AD, was unearthed. The excavation included intense sampling for geoarchaeology and archaeobiology, which prompted the Archaeology Department of Canton St. Gall (KASG) to launch an interdisciplinary project. Four curse tablets attest to the cult of Magna Mater in the sanctuary at Kempraten.

This paper presents the first results of the interdisciplinary study and compares them to the Magna Mater sanctuary at Mainz (Germany), focusing on 1. the layout of the sanctuary, 2. sacrificing, 3. feastings and 4. cursing. The comparison between both sites showed that there was no strict setting of rituals in the cult of Magna Mater, but the importance of cursing and of burnt sacrifices is characteristic for both sites. Summing up: The temple precinct at Kempraten had a specific setting, which showed on one hand local and regional influences, for instance in terms of the temple architecture and the choice of food offerings. On the other hand, distinct differences between the Kempraten sanctuary and local Gallo-Roman sanctuaries can be observed, for instance in relation to cursing, the composition and the importance of the burnt offerings.

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A Modulated Differential Scanning Calorimetric study

Glass transitions occurring in sucrose solutions

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: M. J. Izard, S. Ablett, P. J. Lillford, V. L. Hill, and I. E. Groves

Modulated Differential Scanning Calorimetry has been applied to frozen sucrose solutions in the concentration range 10–80% w/w. The results from this study present, for the first time, information on the reversing and non-reversing nature of events that occur in these solutions. The study demonstrates the potential benefits of this new technique to help separate complex transitions that can occur in the total heat-flow curves obtained using traditional differential scanning calorimetry.

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activity of enniatins Pharmazie 2007 62 563 568 Grove

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A talaj kicserélhető kationjainak minőségi és mennyiségi meghatározására többféle módszert használnak a gyakorlatban. A módszerek többek között abban különböznek egymástól, hogy az ioncserét más-más kémhatású közegben vizsgálják. Mivel a kationcserélő-képesség kémhatástól függő tulajdonság, így a vizsgálatok eredményeit csak akkor lehet közvetlenül összehasonlítani egymással, ha azt azonos módszerrel végezték. Magyarországon a Mehlich-módszerként ismert vizsgálati eljárás terjedt el a kationcsere-kapacitás meghatározására. A nemzetközi gyakorlatban viszont - többek között - egy másik, az úgynevezett Grove-módszer használatos. Vizsgálataink igazolták, hogy a két módszer eredményei azonos talajok esetén eltérnek egymástól. Az eltérések összefüggésben vannak a talajkolloidok mennyiségével és minőségével. Az eltérések nagysága elsősorban a minták szervesanyag-tartalmának növekedésével nőtt, az agyagtartalom által befolyásolt különbség a módszerek között, nem volt szignifikáns. A T-érték a különböző talajosztályozási rendszerekben fontos diagnosztikai paraméter, melynek meghatározására nemzetközileg a Grove-módszert használják. Ezek alapján indokolt lenne egy átszámítási módszer kidolgozása, amellyel a két eljárás eredménye átszámítható egymásba. Ezen kívül szintén indokolt az eredeti Grove-módszer elterjedésének szorgalmazása hazánkban.

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