Authors:Martina Uvacsek, Zs. Kneffel, M. Tóth, A.W. Johnson, P. Vehrs, J.W. Myrer, and R. Hager
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is responsible for more than half of all deaths in the European region. The aim of the study was to compare body composition, blood pressure, total cholesterol (TC) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), family history, activity behaviors, and the 10-year risk of having a heart attack between 166 university students (21.62 ± 2.59 yrs) from Utah (USA) and 198 students (22.11 ± 2.51 yrs) from Hungary. Ninety-two percent of the Hungarian students and 100% of the Utah students had an estimated 10-year Framingham risk score of 1% or less. The high prevalence of low risk was primarily due to the young age of study participants, healthy body composition and non-smoking behavior. Hungarians who had higher 10-year risk of heart attack had significantly higher waist hip ratio (WHR), TC, diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and were smokers compared to those Hungarians with lower risk. The self-reported physical activity levels between the two groups of students were not different. In conclusion the young men and women who participated in this study were, for the most part healthy; however the smoking habits and the lower physical activity of the Hungarian students likely elevated their risk of CVD.
Authors:K. Kiss, Zs Mészáros, M. Mavroudes, M. Szmodis, M. Zsidegh, N. Ng, and János Mészáros
The aim of this comparison was to evaluate the nutritional status and cardio-respiratory fitness of future health professionals, namely university students engaged in medical studies. It was assumed that the lifestyle of such students would be reflected by healthy body composition and fitness performance indicators. Altogether 1,560 volunteer, female, university students of three institutions were investigated in 2008. Height, body weight, BMI, body fat content and 800 m run test means were compared.The height, weight and BMI means did not differ significantly but PE students recorded the lowest mean body fat (18.34% vs. 24.37 and 25.12%) and shortest mean running time (203 s vs. 239 and 243 s). Among the medical (11.23%) and technical university students (19.95%) statistically the same prevalence of obesity was observed.High body fat content and low running performance of medical students were in contrast with our hypothesis. Their prevalence of overweight/obesity and low fitness did not differ from that of relatively sedentary technical university students and the average Hungarian young adult population. Thus, it is questionable how young health professionals will promote the necessity and positive effects of regular physical activity if they do not apply them to their own lifestyle.
., Keresztes, N., Piko, B.: “Healthy mind healthybody”. Morality of high school girls in the light of physical activity [„Ép testben ép lélek.” Középiskolások értékrendje fizikai aktivitásuk tükrében.] Magyar Sporttudományi Szemle, 2003, 2 , 29
answered that the MD is a balanced eating pattern. Seventy-three percent of participants answered that it had a positive effect on cardiovascular health. Half of the participants knew of its role in preserving a healthybody weight, whereas only 39% of
1962 :30, on the Kapos river valley, G. Vámos 1977:8–9, 21–22; 1979:242–45.
42 Many regional Hungarian women’s dresses emphasized wide shoulders, wide hips, and strong legs, signs of the sturdiness of a healthybody. If a woman was somewhat slim, she