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Weiss, L., Gass, J., Egan, J. E., et al.: Understanding prolonged cessation from heroin use: findings from a community-based sample. J. Psychoactive Drugs, 2014, 46 (2), 123

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Recommended Methods for Testing Heroin, manual for use by national narcotics laboratories, ST/NAR/6, United Nations, 1986. Guidelines for Testing Drugs under International Control in Hair, Seat and

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The stability of reference standard, i.e. impurity-free, heroin (diacetylmorphine) in methanol at room temperature (28 ± 2°C) over a period of approximately one year has been studied by HPTLC. The results indicate that the degradation of heroin starts on the second day after preparation of its solution in methanol and that decomposition is complete in approximately 38 weeks. The technique used for the study is simple and reliable. It enables understanding of the stability and degradation pattern of heroin and suggests a correct procedure for forensic use of this scarcely available reference standard in the analysis of heroin samples.

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Abstract  

Sixty-two heroin samples were analyzed for their contents of 15 trace elements (Au, Ba, Br, Ca, Ce, Co, Cr, Fe, La, Na, Sb, Sc, Sm, Th, and Zn) by neutron activation analysis (NAA). Large variations of elemental concentrations between samples were found to possess statistical significance. Of all the elements calcium was the most abundant element, followed by zinc and sodium. The concentrations of Au, Ce, Co, La, Sb, Sc, Sm, and Th in all the samples were below 1 mg·g−1. Classification of these heroin samples was achieved by the application of hierarchical cluster analysis. The results show that NAA can provide useful information on the origin of the illicit drugs.

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product called Lamberene and was used to treat depression, fatigue, and infectious diseases ( Goutarel et al., 1993 ). In the early 1960s, Howard Lotsof identified ibogaine as effective in ameliorating withdrawal and craving from his own heroin addiction

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assessed lifetime use of Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), heroin, marijuana, methamphetamine, and cocaine. Demographics Demographic variables included gender, race/ethnicity (White, Black, Hispanic, Asian, or other), education level (less than high school

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Journal of Psychedelic Studies
Authors:
Clare Wilkins
,
Rafael G. dos Santos
,
Jordi Solá
,
Marc Aixalá
,
Pep Cura
,
Estefanía Moreno
,
Miguel Ángel Alcázar-Córcoles
,
Jaime E. C. Hallak
, and
José Carlos Bouso

prescription opioid pain relievers and heroin) nearly quadrupled. From 2000 to 2014 nearly half a million people died from drug overdoses. 78 Americans die every day from an opioid overdose” ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016 ). Since the

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The paper is devoted to life-creation phenomena in Russian Decadence. Individual fate of Nina Petrovskaja, lover of Valerij Briusov and second-rate writer, illustrates some typical strategies of special behavior modeling where literary patterns of “Femme fatale”, “lady vamp” and other decadent heroines (Lenor, Salomea) are rather attractive. However, aesthetic models come into contradiction with ethical rules and those who desire to live according to Decadent literature ideals are condemned to suffering and slow dying.

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Abstract  

In her novels and her romances the Greek writer Lilika Nakos combined personal memories with historical experiences. Through the history of a war that had deeply affected her, Nakos wanted to talk about herself and about the suffering and the destiny of the Greeks simultaneously. Nakos’ work, which was to a large extent auto-biographical, promoted the feminist cause, especially supporting the women’s right to work and education in an era when conservatism dominated the Greek politics and society. Her heroines —personae of the novelist — are working-class women endorsing human and socialist ideas and fighting for social justice.

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Dating probably from the 6th century, this work relates the story of the conversion of Xanthippe and Polyxene, but the plot took place much earlier, at the time of the apostles. Four of them actually figure in the story, including among others St Paul. The anonymous author clearly follows the literary tradition of the apocryphal acts of the apostles. On the other hand, however, he was deeply influenced by another form of art, namely by the lives of saints. Consequently, the apostles are relegated into the background in the story, and the author concentrates above all on Xanthippe and Polyxene, that is, instead of the evangelists on the mental and psychological process of the conversion of the would-be Christians. And since it is very doubtful, whether his heroines ever existed, he employs the narrative methods and devices he found in ancient fiction, in the pagan romances or Christian novels.

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