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), 45 feeling, probably, like Dio himself, a genuine nostalgia when he was far away from his homeland. 46 Let us take another example, that of Lamartine, who, in a political and societal life which took him far from his home at Milly, 47 called this

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The paper critically discusses the devices used for locating the Proto-Indo-European homeland in order to distinguish between reliable and unreliable methods and to set up an agenda for the future studies. A special section is devoted to linguistic palaeontology and to its contemporary criticism.

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Summary The literature on Terrorism and National Security (NS), and Homeland Security (HS) presents two sides of a coin: one side demonstrates the problematic nature of terrorism and asks for solutions; the other side tries to find a response and solutions to the problem. It was expected that the NS literature would emanate from the same source material as the HS publications. Analysis of the literature of terrorism, homeland security, and national security on Science Citation Index (SCI) has shown that the material on terrorism and NS stems from the same scientific sources; that is, the Social Sciences. In contrast, the HS scientific literature originates in the exact sciences, engineering, and life and environmental sources.  The three kinds of literature have grown remarkably in recent years; however, cross-section search strategy between terrorism and HS studies yields small retrieval sets. This means that few articles both present the problem and propose possible solutions. Currently, HS is on one side of the scholarly arena, and NS and terrorism literature on the other side; they advance mostly in lines parallel to each other, but as the researcher moves from observing the core scientific literature toward the more general material, this state of affairs changes. Another analysis of a multimedia database, WorldCatalog (which indexes mostly books, but also videos and computer materials, both scientific and popular) demonstrates a different trend; the same publications deal with both terrorism and HS counter-terrorism, and suggested solutions.

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György (Đuro) Arnold (1781-1848) the composer, teacher, conductor, lexicographer and founder of the first music school in Subotica, was the regens chori of the Subotica's Sv. Terezija church (1800-48). He was a prolific composer, writing in a variety of genres, from compositions for the church of Sv. Terezija, choral and chamber works to operas, melodramas, songs, overtures, and verbunkos (the complete list of his works is included in the appendix). Arnold's style was influenced by Viennese Classical church music and the emerging Hungarian national style. In his early sacred pieces, he used quotations from popular operas, but in later compositions he was closer to Haydn, and the Te Deum Solenne dedicated to the Zagreb Bishop Aleksandar Alagović shows possible influence of early Beethoven. In many aspects, Arnold was a composer on the periphery. He liked large ensembles which could impress audiences with the brightness of the orchestral sound altough, as far as we know, he never attempted to build a large symphonic form which would match the richness of such a sound. He ususally set the text in short sentences, quickly exhausting its possibilities, undermining the expectations raised by the large-scale gradations which open his compositions. In 1819, Arnold published Pismenik, a collections of texts (without tunes) of Croatian Roman Catholic hymns collected in Bačka (western Vojvodina); the preface to Pismenik and its complete table of contents are reprinted in an appendix. In 1839-40, he completed the hymnal Valóságos egyházi kántori fontos énekeskönyv with 186 church compositions intended for Hungarian and Transylvanian chuch musicians, which remained unpublished. In 1826, Arnold began working on the Historisch-musikalisch bibliographisches Tonkünstler Lexikon, which expanded to four manuscript volumes in length, but remained unpublished and seems to be lost today. 

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Water resources management and its homeland security aspect in Hungary

Vízbiztonság mint belbiztonság Magyarországon

Scientia et Securitas
Authors:
László Balatonyi
,
Krisztina Ligetvári
,
László Tóth
, and
Ádám Berger

Summary. As a consequence of climate change, extreme weather events will have a profound impact on water resources, environmental security and long-term social compatibility. This is particularly true in the Danube river basin countries. Declining water resources and increasing foreign water use due to climate change could pose a serious security challenge for Hungary in the future. This is because our water resources are significant, but also vulnerable, as more than 95 percent of the water in our watercourses comes from across the border. This case study summarises the floods in the DRB over the last two decades and provides a more detailed analysis of Hungary. It also assesses water-related risks as a domestic security issue, based on national and international literature.

Összefoglalás. A szélsőséges időjárási körülmények, mint az éghajlatváltozás következményei, negatívan hatnak a vízkészletekre, a környezet biztonságára és egyes közép-európai országok, mint például Magyarország, társadalmi viszonyaira is. A szélsőséges események, mint az árvizek és az aszályok fokozódása, jelentős hatással van a közgazdasági mutatókra is. Emellett a mindennapi életünk részévé váltak a korábban extrémnek minősített időjárási események, de negatívan hatnak a mezőgazdaságra, az erdőgazdaságra, az iparra, valamint az épített környezetre és az infrastruktúrára is. Az éghajlatváltozás miatt csökkenő vízkészletek és a növekvő külföldi vízfelhasználás Magyarország számára komoly biztonságpolitikai kihívást jelenthet a jövőben. Ennek oka, hogy bár a hazai vízkészletek jelentősek, ugyanakkor nagyon sérülékenyek is, hiszen vízfolyásaink vízkészleteinek több mint 95 százaléka a határon túlról származik. Az alvízi helyzetből való kitettségünk magas, ezért a vízkészletek tekintetében függünk a felvízi országoktól. Különösen igaz ez vízhiány idején. A 19 országot érintő Duna-vízgyűjtő területe a világ „legnemzetközibb” vízgyűjtőjének tekinthető, így számos kihívás éri a területén fekvő országokat. Egymástól való függőségük jelentős, ezért különösen fontosak a vízgyűjtő szintű együttműködések. Ilyen például az EU Duna Régió Stratégiája, amely integrált keretet biztosít a nemzetek közötti együttműködés megerősítéséhez. Ennek keretében 12 prioritási területen, 115 millió embert fog össze és teszi számukra a környezetet biztonságosabbá azáltal, hogy a célkitűzések között szerepel többek között az árvízkockázat csökkentése, valamint a vízhiányból fakadó kihívások kezelése. Ezekre a kihívásokra csak együtt lehet hatékony választ adni, európai, illetve regionális szinten történő összefogás keretében. A vízzel és éghajlatváltozással összefüggő természeti katasztrófák közül Európában jelenleg az árvíz a legkockázatosabb esemény. Az elmúlt évszázadok során a Duna-medence országai számos katasztrofális árvízi eseményt szenvedtek el. Ezzel összefüggésben a tanulmány ismerteti a Dunán az utóbbi két évtizedben levonult árvizek hatásait, különös tekintettel Magyarországra. Az elmúlt 20 év áradásai egyértelművé tették, hogy Magyarországon rendkívüli árvizekkel kell számolni a jövőben is. Hazánk szükségszerűen és helyesen ismerte fel az ár- és belvízi védekezés, valamint az árvízi kockázat csökkentésének belbiztonsági jelentőségét. Jelen cikk a hazai és nemzetközi szakirodalom alapján tárgyalja a Magyarországon és a Duna vízgyűjtőjén felmerülő, az előzőekben említett vízgazdálkodási témakörökkel összefüggő biztonságpolitikai kihívásokat és kockázatokat.

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Transmission of Francisella tularensis, the etiologic agent of tularemia, has been associated with various water sources. Survival of many waterborne pathogens within free-living amoeba (FLA) is well documented; however, the role of amoebae in the environmental persistence of F. tularensis is unclear. In this study, axenic FLA cultures of Acanthamoeba castellanii, Acanthamoeba polyphaga, and Vermamoeba vermiformis were each inoculated with virulent strains of F. tularensis (Types A and B), the attenuated live vaccine strain, and Francisella novicida. Experimental parameters included low and high multiplicity of infection and incubation temperatures of 25 and 30 °C for 0–10 days. Francisella spp. survival was enhanced by the presence of FLA; however, bacterial growth and protozoa infectivity were not observed. In contrast, co-infections of A. polyphaga and Legionella pneumophila, used as an amoeba pathogen control, resulted in bacterial proliferation, cytopathic effects, and amoebal lysis. Collectively, even though short-term incubation with FLA was beneficial, the long-term effects on Francisella survival are unknown, especially given the expenditure of available amoebal derived nutrients and the fastidious nature of Francisella spp. These factors have clear implications for the role of FLA in Francisella environmental persistence.

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Just as in Gaius Stern's account, 1 this paper will address the subject of an impossible return home which is recounted in Book XI of Apuleius' Metamorphoses and concerns Lucius. Isis had inspired him to leave his homeland, Corinth, and to make

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Homeric homelands After the Fall of Troy, its citizens became stateless refugees. Most of the Trojans were killed or enslaved, but there were a few who survived and they were now exiles; they had to find a new home. The victorious Greek invaders

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Summary  

A large area proportional counter (LAPC) X-ray detector and a method for calibrating the detector system for 238Pu contamination in soils has been developed. The system utilizes the LAPC to measure the L X-ray triplet emitted in the decay of 238Pu at energies of 13.6, 17.13, and 20.29 keV. The LAPC has dimensions of 16.5’70.5’5.9 cm3 (L’W’H) and is filled with a mixture of 90% xenon and 10% methane at a pressure of 0.15 MPa. The detector has a thin (0.025 cm) beryllium window and aluminum support grid with an effective area of 850 cm2. The detector was calibrated for efficiency via semi-empirical methodology consisting of measurements with International Atomic Energy Agency and National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) traceable sources combined with fluence rate calculations using Monte Carlo and point-kernel modeling scenarios. The detector efficiency was then empirically measured using NIST traceable soil standards, and the results were compared with the semi-empirical modeled value. Operational performance characteristics including detector field of view, lower limit of detection, and energy resolution of the system were also determined through a series of controlled measurements. The LAPC and associated electronics are mounted on a pushcart with a computer and global positioning system to allow for real-time surveying and mapping of potentially contaminated land areas and detecting 238Pu contamination at concentrations of 1.9 Bq/g of soil. The system, measurement methods, and results are presented and discussed.

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Pindar concludes this ode with a plea for the Cyrenaean Damophilus (263–299), who spent part of his exile in Thebes and remained on friendly terms with Pindar. Damophilus was banished from his homeland, probably for participating in an aristocratic

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