This paper deals with the road patterns of housing estates in eight Hungarian cities. The investigation was directed to the characteristic of street networks using geographic information system. The different types of housing estates were compared using the following indicators: ratio of T and X junctions, ratio of the dead ends, average distance between nodes, connectivity index, and road density. It is concluded that according to their street network the housing estates have three periods.
The study presents research finding on changes in the property market position of the large housing estates of Budapest. During the last ten years the relative position of large housing estates has been decreasing, even faster, than it had before 1990. This trend was still not big enough to make these flats assailable. The result is, that the status of these housing estates has remained a somewhat middle-class one. The reason is, that the number of newly built flats continues to be very low in Budapest. That is why housing estates remain for certain groups of the middle class to be suitable places for living. When the speed of construction of new housing will higher, some estates will face the danger of falling into slum-situation.
. Case Studies in Urban Planning and Design . Éditions L’Harmattan , Budapest 2019 . 172 – 187 . Balla–Benkő – Durosaiye 2017 Balla, Regina – Benkő, Melinda – Durosaiye, Isaiah Oluremi: Mass HousingEstate Location in Relation to Its Liveability
Author made a regular mite collectings between 1990 and 2004 on ornamental trees and shrubs, on streets, parks, green spaces of housing estates, botanical gardens and private gardens, in various localities of Hungary. During this survey a new tree-infesting
and a new
species were collected:
Rhinophytoptus szechenyiin. sp.
Epitrimerus pilisensisn. sp.
are described and illustrated from
sp., respectively. A member of the genus
is recorded for first time from the Hungarian fauna.
Author made a regular mite collectings between 1990 and 2009 on ornamental trees and shrubs, on streets, parks, green spaces of housing estates, forests, botanical gardens and private gardens, in various localities of Hungary. During this survey a new tree-infesting
species was collected:
n. sp. is described and illustrated from
is a new species for the fauna of Hungary.
Author gives a report on the partial results of the regular collections made between 1990 and 1999 on ornamental trees and shrubs, on streets, in parks, in green spaces of housing estates, in private gardens and in arboreta. A total of 45 aphid species were found belonging to 2 families. Phylloxerina populi (del Guercio, 1900), Cinara cedri Mimeur, 1936, Neotrama caudata del Guercio, 1909, Protrama ranunculi (del Guercio, 1909), Aphis catalpae Mamontova, 1950, Ovatomyzus boraginacearum Eastop, 1952 and Uroleucon taraxaci (Kaltenbach, 1843) are new for the Hungarian fauna.
Author made a regular mite collectings between 1990 and 2003 on ornamental trees and shrubs, on streets, parks, green spaces of housing estates, botanical gardens and private gardens, in various localities of Hungary. During this survey new shrub-infesting
and two new
species were collected:
n. sp. and
n. sp. are described and illustrated from
Rhamnus cathartica, Salix elaeagnos, Hippophaë rhamnoides
is recorded for the first time in Hungary, collected from the leaves of