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The influence of intermolecular hydrogen bonding on some physical constants is clearly shown by comparing some thermal data for simple oxamides and thiooxamides.

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Rod-shaped nanocrystals are formed by self assembly of t -Bu-phenyl substituted tetra(carboxamido)perylenes (BPP) in different solvents. The structure and the dimensions of the nano-rods may be controlled by the choice of the hydrogen-bond accepting capacity of the solvent (DMSO, DMF, DMAc, HMPA), by the concentration and by the composition of solvent-mixture (by adding hydrogen-bond donating solvents), but is independent of the surface used for their deposition (mica, silicon, gold, glass). The different forms of aggregation were examined by AFM and SNOM and were correlated to UV-Vis absorption spectra of the aggregates in solution. The orientation of the transition dipole moment of the molecules in the nanocrystals has been determined by polarized fluorescence microscopy and, in combination with the crystal structure of the t -Bu substituted analogue of BPP, is used to develop a model for the internal molecular structure of the rod shaped aggregates.

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Calorimetric properties of potassium dihydrogen phosphate are examined by analysis of the heat capacity data taken from the literature and from a recent measurement. The analysis is based on an extensive use of harmonic heat capacity functions to separate the effect of the phase transition from the vibrational contribution. The transition enthalpy and entropy derived are 421 J mol−1 and 3.79 J K−1 mol−1, respectively. Characteristic temperatures of the lattice vibrations including the Debye temperature (254±18) K were determined. The transition entropy, exceeding the value compatible with the ice-rules, is consistent with the temperature dependence of the heat capacity. The implication of the result is discussed by comparison with the hydrogen bond networks in copper formate tetrahydrate and thallium dihydrogen phosphate.

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Acta Alimentaria
Authors: A. Alberti, R. Amorati, M. Campredon, M. Lucarini, D. Macciantelli, and G. Pedulli

general treatment of hydrogen bond complexation constants in tetrachloromethane. J. Am. Chem. Soc. , 110 , 8534–8536. Guiheneuf G. A general treatment of hydrogen bond

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Abstract  

The thermally induced structural transformation of a hydrogen-bonded crystal formed from an amphoteric molecule of 6-[2-methoxy-4-(pyridylazo)phenoxy]hexanoic acid MeO was studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction measurement (XRD). Crystal form of the hydrogen-bonded crystal was measured by single crystal four circle diffractometer (Mo-Kα radiation). As a result, the crystal of MeO was stabilized by many C–H⋅⋅⋅O hydrogen bonds, and the C–H⋅⋅⋅O hydrogen bonds were broken by thermal energy reversibly. After transformation the supramolecular architecture was composed of supramolecular polymer including free-rotation pentamethylene main chains.

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Summary Thermally induced structural transformation of fibrous hydrogen-bonded molecular assemblage formed from an amphoteric pyridinecarboxylic acid of 6-[2-propyl- 4-(4-pyridylazo)phenoxy]hexanoic acid (C5PR) was studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), differential thermal analysis (DTA), and thermogravimetry (TG). The organized fibrous morphology formed in an aqueous solution was stable at temperatures below 150°C. The ordered crystalline solid phase (K1) of the original fibrous material altered to a disordered crystalline solid phase (K2) at 150°C and subsequently to an isotropic phase (I) at 172°C. In the isotropic state, the C5PR molecule was slowly decomposed by decarboxylation. Once the molecular assemblage was subjected to the mesophase by heating, another ordered crystalline solid phase (K3) appeared reversibly at 17°C. The heat budget analyses by DSC indicated that a conformational entropy change such as the side-chain propyl group and the main-chain pentamethylene unit in the hydrogen-bonded molecular assemblage took place between the two ordered crystalline solid phases K1 and K3.

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protonation of HCl-doped PANI [ 19 ]. Comparing to the corresponding peaks of pure PANI at 1308 and 1152 cm −1 , the peaks of the PANI/CeO 2 composite ( Fig. 1 a–d) shift slightly to lower wave numbers. This may be caused by the hydrogen bonding action

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point of a given compound is a function not only of molecular mass and molecular packing but also of intermolecular forces subtly related to the electronegativity/polarity, steric effects, and possible hydrogen bonding. The contribution of

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difference in retention behavior was attributed to that the aglycone in fraction a had one less hydroxyl than that in fraction c ( Figure 4 ). The silica column belonging to the polar stationary phase provided considerable hydrogen bonding

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Abstract  

The rate of copper extraction with individual 4-acyl-5-pyrazolones and the stability of various enolic and keto forms and their monohydrates were studied. The rate of extraction depends mainly upon the structure of substituent at position 4 and falls when the substituent becomes spacy. The effect of the substituent at position 1 is rather low. The enolic form with intramolecular hydrogen bonding is the most stable. It can form hydrates with water molecules without intramolecular hydrogen bond breaking.

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