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from www.nber.org Letöltés: 2012.08.28 Andrews, R. (2011): Religious Communities, Immigration and Social Cohesion in Rural Areas: Evidence from England. Rural Sociology Vol. 76, No. 4, 535

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(hereafter: ECHR) in cases concerning children in the immigration context. In this regard, it is worth examining how the ECtHR conceptualizes the best interests of the child principle in immigration cases, namely which dimension of the threefold concept

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Pointing to various movements of individuals, the theme of migration-immigration-émigration ‘migration-immigration-emigration’ stimulates heterogeneous readings. The word migration , deriving from Latin migratio , meaning ‘displacement from one country to another, to settle’. Human migration refers to the displacement of the place of life of the individual. The prefixes im -and é -are indicative of disparate movements. I will uncover the meaning of these three words, migration-immigration-emigration . I will analyze the shape of the idea of migration in literature, in this case an essay type, in order to clarify his affinity with the notion of rhizome borrowed from Gilles Deleuze. After a thorough analysis of the essay rhizomatique , in the second part I will tackle the question of the image ‘migrant’ by Andrei Makine, a francophone writer who emigrated from Russia in the late 1980’s.

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This study reveals the peculiarities of the language spoken by Ukrainian immi¬grants to Argentina, investigates the historical and socio-economic reasons of the Ukrainian immigration and remigration from the end of the 19th century until the nineties of the 20th century. It describes and systematizes the regional origin, the circumstances, and the location where the immigrants settled as well as their organized public life in that country. The paper, which is based on Ukrainian mass media in Argentina of the thirties of the 20th century, affords a detailed language analysis of its morphology, grammar and lexical base, which confirms that the Ukrainian language spoken in Argentina at the time, demonstrates through some dialectal features its West Ukrainian origin.

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The paper examines the French-Algerian relationship through the subjects of immigration and emigration. This historical analysis focuses on 20th-century Algerian emigration with a special regard to the great wave of emigration that followed the Algerian war (1954–1962). The first part of the article presents contemporary Algerian industry, culture and social life. The multifaceted picture of 21st-century Algeria raises further issues. I try to find answers by giving a historical overview. The second part focuses on France and the life of different generations of Algerian immigrants in the country. I will consider the Parisian example that opened the wave of change of social life into intercultural society. The main objective of this article is to encourage the revaluation of the antagonistic political relationship between Algeria and France and to offer a new possibility to overcome the hostility caused by the recollection of the war.

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Bevándorlás és oktatás

Immigration and Education

Educatio
Author:
Katalin Forray R.

Absztrakt:

A bevándorlás új hulláma a problémák sokaságát hozza magával mindkét oldal számára. A történelemben nem ismeretlen a magyarok számára a bevándorlás, de az utolsó nagyobb bevándorló népesség a cigányság, amelynek máig beilleszkedési problémái vannak. A tanulmányok az oktatás kérdéseit vizsgálják. Kitekintenek a jelenlegi nem magyar tanulókra, az iskoláskorú migránsok problémáira, a tanulók és tanáraik attitűdjeire. Végül a német és francia tapasztalatokat mutatják be.

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A szkizofrénia klasszikus idegfejlődési elmélete a genetikai sérülékenységre, a korai környezeti hatásokra (például szülészeti komplikációk) és a pszichoszociális stressz ezekkel mutatott kölcsönhatására helyezi a hangsúlyt. Az elmúlt időszakban – az idegtudományok és a genetika fejlődése mellett – a pszichoszociális tényezők szerepe egyre hangsúlyosabbá vált, olyannyira, hogy egyes szerzők az idegfejlődési elméletet kiegészítették a szociális fejlődés modelljével. A közleményben a szerző a szkizofrénia, a gyermek- és serdülőkori pszichotrauma és a bevándorlás kapcsolatát tekinti át. Az újabb epidemiológiai kulcsadatok mellett felvázolja a pszichotikus tüneteket magyarázó kötődéselméleti és neurokognitív modelleket, valamint az idegfejlődési elmélet módosított változatát.

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Acta Oeconomica
Authors:
Miklós Somai
and
Zsuzsánna Biedermann

). Chorley , M. ( 2015 ): I’ll Cut Immigration or Kick me out . MailOnline, March 4, 2015. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2979135/I-ll-cut-immigration-kick-Cameron-told-voters-election-numbers-arriving-soared-300-000.html (last

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Observations of the flight of the western corn rootworm (WCR) were made necessary by its appearance and settling in 2004 and by the possibilities of control. Therefore studies were carried out using Pherocon AM traps in a 111,1 ha maize stand sown after sunflower. The 6 traps were placed at the edge and in the inside of the field, respectively. The influence of the meteorological elements on flight was determined by comparing the temperature and precipitation to the flight of WCR adults.The results obtained with the traps unambiguously pointed to the late summer, one-peak adult flight of the WCR. The rather late mass flight can be attributed to the influence of climatic factors. Toward the end of the vegetation cycle of maize, beside the appearance in high individual numbers (an average of 141 and 142 adults trapped a week) the proportion of gravid females (25–28% on 29 July; 38–42% on 5 August) was found to increase in the area, which forecasts a mass appearance of the next year’s generation. The traps at the edge of the field caught a higher number of adults than those in the inside [averages of the trapping controls for traps at the edge: 3,00 (trap 1.); 2,67 (trap 2.); 3,44 (trap 3.); 2,78 (trap 4), while for the inner traps: equally 4,56 (trap 5.,6.)] Toward the end of flight the difference decreased.

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Abstract

To create context, the study first recounts, in a nutshell, the emigration history of Hungarian Americans and the main features of their American integration. In addition to discussing the specific fieldwork goals and experiences, the article seeks to present the theoretical background of the fieldwork concept of the research. The author began his research in the United States in 2006, where he has been regularly returning to conduct ethnographic fieldwork ever since. From the great emigration wave that began at the end of the nineteenth century up until today, he examines the history, institutional networks, and socio-ethnographic aspects of Hungarian communities on the East Coast and in the Midwest, including acculturation, identity change, and contacts with the homeland. When developing his fieldwork concept, for his guiding principle he chose to combine the individual identity construction model with capsule theory. Hungarian American emigrants who have been forced to switch cultures have been living their lives in a “time and mentality capsule”. The part brought from the old country resides inside the capsule, while everything outside is part of the new environment. This duality can be complemented by the potential role of the local community, which directly surrounds the individual in the alien new country. Examination of this particular capsule is only possible in the field. In the course of fieldwork, the main question becomes: to what extent do the adopted patterns of behavior, the desire to meet American social expectations, and the efforts that are internally controlled and realized, allow a look into these capsules? Such fieldwork is characterized by a duality of scheduled appointments pre-arranged with prospective informants, and spontaneous field situations. In the Hungarian communities of industrial towns, fieldwork consisted predominantly (almost exclusively) of the “appointment” type of data collection, while in the case of former mining settlements on the brink of extinction, spontaneously developing ethnographic data collection was more typical. Participation in events linked to dates and venues, data collecting at these occasions, and getting acquainted with event participants for later interviewing is the third option besides the fieldwork situations mentioned above. Finally, the paper attempts to demonstrate through several examples of the ways in which fieldwork can enrich the information gained from documents with additional data, tangible memorabilia, and the memories related to them.

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