adult education is important and weighed heavily in the final discussion of future implications of this study. Just as each woman’s story was unique, their readiness for adult education settings varied. While Mary and Emma had the least childhood formal
1 Introduction Extensive literature shows that both the level and composition of public expenditures and revenues have implications for economic development. There are two main strands of the literature. The discussion on the short-term impacts of
In a topological spaceX, a T2-distinct pointx means that for anyy∈X x≠y, there exist disjoint open neighbourhoods ofx andy. Similarly, T0-distinct points and T1distinct points are defined. In a Ti-distinct point-setA, we assume that eachx∈A is a Ti-distinct point (i=0, 1, 2). In the present paper some implications of these notions which ‘localize’ the Ti-separation axioms (i=0, 1, 2) requirement, are studied. Suitable variants of regularity and normality in terms of T2-distinct points are shown hold in a paracompact space (without the assumption of any separation axioms). Later T0-distinct points are used to give two characterizations of the RD-axiom.1 In the end, some simple results are presented including a condition under which an almost compact set is closed and a result regarding two continuous functions from a topological space into a Hausdorff space is sharpened. A result which relates a limit pointv to an ω-limit point is stated.
Contemporary Chinese has only one form of first-person pronoun; by contrast, there are at least four different first-person pronominal forms used in Classical Chinese. This makes Classical Chinese first-person pronouns noteworthy to investigate. This co-existence of forms with similar meaning of self-referencing raises two issues, namely the reason behind this co-existence and the relationships among these pronominal forms in terms of sociopragmatic use. Unlike what has been previously argued in the field that address forms rather than pronouns are politeness-related (e.g., Kádár 2007; Pan & Kádár 2011), first-person pronominal forms in Classical Chinese express a diverse set of contextually-situated politeness-related meanings. Furthermore, these pronominal forms are socially indexical, in the sense that they are allocated to speakers depending on their social status. Thus, a central argument of this paper is that the pronominal forms studied reveal information about both the person who uses them and the context in which they are used. The paper compares pronominal forms used in the Lunyu 論語 or The analects of Confucius (475 BC–221 BC) and Shishuo Xinyu 世說新語 (A new account of the tales of the world) (200 AD–400 AD), to understand the pragmatic implications and politeness values of these different first-person pronominal forms over a time-span of 400–600 years and also to provide a glimpse of how eventually only one form came to exist in contemporary Chinese.
A method is explained for analysing matrices of statistics where each element should be approximately proportional to some column coefficient and also to some row coefficient. Using U. S. patent data as an example it is shown that entries are usually proportional to country size and patent category size. Deviations from proportionality expectations when tabulated often suggest policy implications.
We present measurements of Thermoluminescence (TL) from Greek marble quarried at Paros, Naxos, Pendeli, Hymitos, Thassos,
which have been known since ancient times. The results concern i) the solar bleaching of TL, ii) the solar transmission through
marble thicknesses up to 16 mm, and iii) the implications for potential dating of ancient carved marble monuments/objects.
The bleaching rate for marbles is very fast during the first hour of exposure. The solar penetration is at least 35 mm for
long exposures. Beyond the 2 mm marble slab for exposure times 90–120 hours of sunshine, the residual bleached TL level is
not reached. The bleached TL reaches a plateau which serves as the “zero time” upon which the archaeological TL dose subsequently
builds up and gives the age of a marble monument.
Authors:Henry Small, Ann Kushmerick, and Doug Benson
We explore an empirical approach to studying the social and political implications of science by gathering scientists’ perceptions
of the social impacts of their research. It was found that 78 percent of surveyed scientists from a variety of fields responding
to a survey indicated that the research performed in connection with a recent highly cited paper had such implications. Health
related implications were the most common, but other types of implications encountered were technological spin-offs, public
understanding, economic and policy benefits. Surprisingly many scientists considered the advancement of science itself to
be a social implication of their research. The relations of these implications to the field and topics of research are examined,
and a mapping of implications gives an overview of the major dimensions of the social impacts of science.