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et al. 2007 ). As a result, when a firm adopts TD, it is helpful for the company to enhance innovation performance and corporate growth (Granstrand and Oskarsson 1994 ; Cantwell and Piscitello 2000 ). Based on the above statement, it is important

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Absztrakt:

A tanulmányban a magyar innovációs teljesítményt vizsgáljuk különböző mérőszámokkal nemzetközi összehasonlításban. Ezek a mérőszámok a következők: az egymillió lakosra és az egy kutatóra-fejlesztőre jutó szabadalmak száma; az egymillió lakosra és az egy kutatóra-fejlesztőre jutó nemzetközi publikációk száma; az innovátor vállalatok aránya; Global Innovation Index; Bloomberg Innovation Index; Innovation Union Scoreboard; Global Talent Competitiveness Index; Global Competitiveness Index. Az oktatástudomány esetében is megvizsgálunk két innovációs teljesítménymutatót: az egymillió lakosra és az egy kutatóra-fejlesztőre jutó nemzetközi oktatástudományi publikációk számát, és az OECD oktatásra vonatkozó innovációs adatait. Az elemzés alapján azt állapítottuk meg, hogy az innovációs mutatók nagy része a magyar innováció teljesítményromlását, esetleg stagnálását mutatja. Az oktatás területén mérhető innováció hazai jellemzői pedig elég ellentmondásos képet mutatnak.

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Noma 1985 ; Vanlooy et al. 2003 , 2006 ). One of the most efficient and objective methods of evaluating research and innovation performance is through scientometric indicators. Scientometric analysis, the quantitative study of the innovation

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Innovation Performance. http://www.proinno-europe.eu/extranet/admin/uploadeddocuments//EIS_2005.pdf . Letöltés ideje: 2009. 07. 02 EIS (2006): European Innovation Scoreboard 2006 – Comparative Analysis of Innovation performance

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The paper concentrates on the evaluation of the Global Innovation Index, the Summary Innovation Index and the Innovation Output Indicator. For the purpose of this article, the PROFIT (PROperty- FITting) method, an extension of the multidimensional scaling (MDS), was applied. The ultimate goal of MDS techniques is to produce a geometric map that illustrates the underlying structure of complex phenomena such as the innovation performance of the EU countries. Cluster analysis, conducted with the use of Ward’s method provided an objective view of the division of the EU countries based on their selected characteristics. The final result is a two-dimensional map illustrating the structure of innovation performance. The main conclusion drawn from the analysis is the explanation of distance between single indices in a spatial map and their role in distinguishing specific groups of the EU countries from the perspective of innovation performance.

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Abstract  

This study utilized artificial neural network (ANN) to explore the nonlinear influences of firm size, profitability, and employee productivity upon patent citations of the US pharmaceutical companies. The results showed that firm size, profitability, and employee productivity of the US pharmaceutical companies had the nonlinearly and monotonically positive influences upon their patent citations. Therefore, if US pharmaceutical companies want to enhance their innovation performance, they should pay attention on their firm size, profitability, and employee productivity.

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Acta Oeconomica
Authors: Bernadett Kovćs and Gyöngyi Csuka

Explanation of the Country’s Weak Innovation Performance. A Contribution to Debate on Obstacles to Participating in International Innovation Competition). Közgazdasági Szemle , 58(10): 876–897. Szabó K

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Abstract  

This paper is based on the findings of a survey on technological innovation in the Italian industry.All Italian manufacturing firms were screened in the analysis and, at the end of a screening process, 8,220 of them, which had introduced relevant technological innovations over the period 1981–1985, filled out either a mail questionnaire or were covered through a personal interview.Data and preliminary comments on the following problem-areas are set in the paper: type of innovation introduced in the firm (product, process), impact of innovations on the firm's products and sales, cost of innovation, technological relevance of innovations introduced, impact of innovations on the utilization of input factors, factors linked to the introduction of innovation, performance of R & D.Data show that technological innovation is a complex aspect of company life; it relates to both products and production processes: in more than half of the cases firms introduced both product and process innovations, whereas only products or processes were introduced in about 20 per cent of cases, respectively. It is also apparent that the majority of innovations are new only for the firm, and that only a limited share are new for the sector or for the country. Looking at the techno-scientific quality of the innovations introduced, quite often innovations were classified as technical improvements or enhancements, and in a very limited number of cases they were considered as applications of a scientific breakthrough.The breakdown of the innovation costs shows that, on average, more than half of the cost is attributed to investment (machinery, equipment, etc) one fourth to engineering and design activity, one fifth to R & D and the remaining 5 per cent to marketing activities.The most important factor linked to the introduction of innovation appears to be the acquisition of plant and machinery. This confirms the result of previous analyses which show that the introduction of new technologies hinges upon new machinery and equipment, often the sole means for the acquisition of technology produced by other economic agents — a diffusion and adaptation process is occurring. R & D was mentioned in a limited number of cases.In the paper a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the R & D performed by the firm is reported. In particular, it is shown that the number of R & D performing manufacturing firms is more than double that which emerges from the annual survey on research and development activities carried out by the Italian Central Statistical Office.

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mediating role of innovation performance . Production Planning & Control (ahead-ofprint) , 1 – 15 . Al-Adaileh , R.M. and Al-Atawi , M.S. ( 2011 ). Organizational culture impact on

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.Y-H. , Yang , B. , Wu , C-M. and Kuo , Y-M. ( 2011 ). Impact of TQM and organizational learning on innovation performance in the high-tech industry . International Business Review , 20 ( 2 ), 213 – 225

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