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Sacrificing – Feasting – Cursing

Rituals in the Magna Mater Sanctuaries of Kempraten (Switzerland) and Mainz (Germany). An Interdisciplinary Approach

Acta Antiqua Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Author: Pirmin Koch

Summary

During rescue excavations between 2009 and 2013 carried out at the periphery of the vicus at Kempraten (municipality of Rapperswil-Jona, St. Gallen, Switzerland) a Gallo-Roman sanctuary, dating from the second quarter of the 2nd to the end of the 3rd century AD, was unearthed. The excavation included intense sampling for geoarchaeology and archaeobiology, which prompted the Archaeology Department of Canton St. Gall (KASG) to launch an interdisciplinary project. Four curse tablets attest to the cult of Magna Mater in the sanctuary at Kempraten.

This paper presents the first results of the interdisciplinary study and compares them to the Magna Mater sanctuary at Mainz (Germany), focusing on 1. the layout of the sanctuary, 2. sacrificing, 3. feastings and 4. cursing. The comparison between both sites showed that there was no strict setting of rituals in the cult of Magna Mater, but the importance of cursing and of burnt sacrifices is characteristic for both sites. Summing up: The temple precinct at Kempraten had a specific setting, which showed on one hand local and regional influences, for instance in terms of the temple architecture and the choice of food offerings. On the other hand, distinct differences between the Kempraten sanctuary and local Gallo-Roman sanctuaries can be observed, for instance in relation to cursing, the composition and the importance of the burnt offerings.

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Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Authors: Gy. Kovács, L. Bartosiewicz, K. Éder, E. Gál, Zs. Miklós, M. Rózsás, A. J, and Cs. Zatykó

The paper is a short summary of the main archaeological outcomes of an interdisciplinary project in a section of the Drava river crossing the territory of Somogy county, in Hungary. One of the study areas is the vicinity of Berzence where medieval settlement patterns, land use and economy have been reconstructed on the basis of historical sources and an archaeological field survey. A comprehensive review of architectural history and material culture of the Ottoman Period stronghold in Barcs was the other area under investigation. Research there was based on written sources and the archaeological assemblage recovered from the palisaded fort. Zooarchaeological research at this site revealed some significant culture historical aspects of this stronghold. Underwater archaeological investigations carried out in the Drava river itself and aerial exploration of the study areas also supplied valuable archaeological results.

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Abstract  

In the course of our work within the framework of an interdisciplinary project dealing with the absolute dating of fossil bones from Austrian caves by means of the U-series method we became interested in possible U-concentration gradients in the bone samples. A successful attempt is reported to make the U-distribution in bones directly visible by irradiating the samples with thermal neutrons and detecting the emitted fission products of235U in a plastic foil using the track etch method. This turns out to be possible also for relatively small U-concentrations of the order of 1 ppm. The uranium seems to concentrate near the surfaces which is in qualitative agreement with earlier results from the literature obtained by means of neutron activation analysis.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Kseniya V. Zherikova, Ludmila N. Zelenina, Natalia B. Morozova, and Tamara P. Chusova

for Ru(hfac) 3 found by two independent methods (calorimetrically and by vapor pressure measurement) closely agreed with each other. The study was supported by Integral Interdisciplinary Project of the Siberian Branch of the

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: I. Paukov, Yulia Kovalevskaya, Irina Kiseleva, and Tatiana Shuriga

Russian Academy of Sciences (Grant No. 06-05-64305) and the Integration Interdisciplinary Project No. 81 of the Siberian Division, Russian Academy of Sciences. The authors thank S. Purusova, analyst of the chemical laboratory of N.M. Fedorovsky Russian

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of temperature influence on them. The work was supported by the Russian Science Support Foundation, the Department of science, innovation, information, and communication of Novosibirsk region and the Integral Interdisciplinary

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); artistic projects in which other arts (including musicals, musical-dramatic recitals) have been implemented with music; interdisciplinary projects in which music is linked to other subjects/areas/interpersonal topics; out-of-school teaching that includes

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perspective of modernization, nationalism or civil society. In the late 1990s, interdisciplinary projects were developed involving sociologists, ethnologists, historians, literary scientists and political scientists – in particular Bourgeoisie and Civil

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