Authors:Ed Rinia, Thed van Leeuwen, and Anthony van Raan
In an evaluation of physics research programs in the Netherlands, held in 1996, assessments of research by expert panels were
supplemented with bibliometric analysis. This latter analysis included the calculation of several bibliometric indicators,
among which some taking journal impact measures as a baseline. Final outcomes of this evaluation provided an opportunity to
re-examine the results of this assessment from the perspective of the degree of interdisciplinarity of programs involved.
In this paper we discuss results of this latter analysis, in particular with respect to the relation between several citation
based indicators and interdisciplinary research in Dutch physics.
This study examines network topologies of interdisciplinary research relationships in science and technology (S&T) and investigates
the relational linkages between the interdisciplinary relations and the quality of research performance. A network analysis
was performed to evaluate the General Research Grant (GRG) program, an interdisciplinary research funding program of the Korea
Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF); the dataset covered the 2002–2004 period. The analytical results reveal the hidden
network structure of interdisciplinary research relationships and demonstrate that the quality of research performance might
be enhanced not only by interdependent pressures placed on various research fields but also by accumulated research capabilities
that are relatively difficult to access and reproduce by other research fields.
Authors:Hildrun Kretschmer, Liang Liming, and Ramesh Kundra
The growing importance of collaboration in research and the still underdeveloped state-of-the-art of research on collaboration
have encouraged scientists from16 countries to establish a global interdisciplinary research network under the title “Collaboration
in Science and in Technology” (COLLNET)with Berlin as its virtual centre which has been set up on January 1st, 2000.The network
is to comprise the prominent scientists, who work at present mostly in the field of quantitative science studies. The intention
is to work together in co-operation both on theoretical and applied aspects.
Authors:Holger Schwechheimer and Matthias Winterhager
The neuroscience research front on Retrograde Amnesia is taken as an example to demonstratethe capabilities of co-citation mapping in combination with peer review. In an interview with awell-known expert in the field the co-citation map was confirmed as a good representation of thespeciality. The expert was able to identify and comment on different regions of the map and hecould validate important documents in the cluster core and research front as well as the mainactors on institutional and national level. The bibliometric data inspired the expert to outline thecognitive and social "history" of the speciality.
This article discusses the position of legal anthropology among the legal sciences and its interdisciplinary character through the example of the socio-legal studies of the Hungarian Roma minority. The first part illustrates the place of legal anthropology among the other legal and social disciplines, and its role in legal thinking, by the analysis of a practical question, “What can we do to improve the social position of the Hungarian Roma minority by legal means?” The second part considers the importance of legal anthropology in the Hungarian Roma studies, briefly sketching the characteristics of the ethnological, sociological and cultural anthropological approaches. Finally, the article surveys the insights gained from the socio-legal studies of the Hungarian Roma minority over the last two decades. It highlights the inspiring results of legal anthropological studies, and also the difficulties contemporary research has to face.
This paper delivers an interdisciplinary approach to historical Chinese epistolary data, by examining the language and style of historical Chinese letters from the perspective of linguistic pragmatics, historical politeness research and relational ritual theory. It argues that various discursive characteristics of Chinese epistles, which previous Sinological research has identified, may be systematically modelled if one approaches historical Chinese letter writing as a ritual practice. Language use in historical Chinese letters tends to have a strongly ritual character, due to two reasons. First, Chinese epistles represent interpersonal interaction in a sociocultural context that triggered intensive ritual politeness. Second, many literati regarded letter writing as an activity of fine art by means of which one could ritually display one’s epistolary skill. Owing to this, the language of historical Chinese epistles features a duality of (1) other-oriented ritual politeness and (2) self-oriented ritual display. The present paper examines this duality by setting up an analytic model, and by investigating a renowned corpus of Qing Dynasty letters, Xuehongxuan chidu 雪鴻軒尺牘 (Letters from Snow Swan Retreat).
Authors:Jean A. Pratt, Karina Hauser, and Cassidy R. Sugimoto
involve more than one business function and therefore require either an inter-, multi- or trans-disciplinary approach. For the purpose of our paper, we define interdisciplinaryresearch as any research that integrates knowledge from more than one
Authors:Éva Vetró, Judit Oláh, Dóra Nagy, Márta Széll, József Piffkó, and László Seres
Összefoglaló. A Gorlin–Goltz-szindróma – más néven naevoid
basalsejtes carcinoma szindróma – egy ritka, viszont számos orvosi társszakmát
érintő, rendkívül változatos megjelenésű és genetikailag is heterogén betegség.
Bár a tudományos kutatások egyik kedvenc területe, az aránylag alacsony
betegszám, valamint a genotípus és a fenotípus közötti, igen komplex
összefüggések miatt a kórképről meglévő ismereteink még nem teljesek. A témában
megjelent nemzetközi és magyar nyelvű publikációk jelentős része esetközlésekre
és a szindróma általános ismertetésére szorítkozik. A közlemény célja, hogy
áttekintést adjon a szindróma genetikai vonatkozásairól. A nemzetközi és a
magyar nyelvű szakirodalom áttanulmányozását végeztük. A naevoid basalsejtes
carcinoma szindróma genetikai hátterének, az egyelőre azonosítatlan örökletes
tényezőknek pontos megismerése még várat magára. A genetikai vizsgálatok a
szindróma pontosabb megértéséhez, könnyebb diagnosztizálásához, a pozitív
családtervezéshez és a személyre szabott terápiákhoz is hozzájárulhatnak. Orv
Hetil. 2020; 161(49): 2072–2077.
Summary. Gorlin–Goltz syndrome, or nevoid basal cell carcinoma
syndrome, is a rare disease that requires multidisciplinary approach in patient
management. The disease is genetically heterogenous and has an extremely
variable expressivity. Although the syndrome is in the focus of scientific
research, our knowledge of it is still limited due to the relatively low number
of recognised patients and the complexity of genotype-phenotype correlation.
Several papers in this field have been published in the international and also
in the Hungarian literature but most of these reports are single cases or small
case series of families and outline general information about the disease.
Authors aimed to review the literature of the syndrome and to report the genetic
background and its role in the diagnosis and treatment. A review of the English
and Hungarian literature was performed. The full genetic background of the
syndrome is not yet discovered. Increasing the awareness of the syndrome,
collecting and thoroughly analysing the medical records and performing genetic
tests on the patients may lead to the better understanding of the disease; they
may also help early diagnosis and treatment, positive family planning and may
establish personalized medicine. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(49): 2072–2077.
Authors:Reindert K. Buter, Ed. C. M. Noyons, and Anthony F. J. Van Raan
. 309), appear behind us. Instead, interdisciplinaryresearch “is spreading all over the landscape of science and technology” (Gibbons et al. 1994 , p. 22) for more than one reason. For instance, knowledge migration is a fruitful mechanism by which
Authors:Gy. Kovács, L. Bartosiewicz, K. Éder, E. Gál, Zs. Miklós, M. Rózsás, A. J, and Cs. Zatykó
The paper is a short summary of the main archaeological outcomes of an interdisciplinary project in a section of the Drava river crossing the territory of Somogy county, in Hungary. One of the study areas is the vicinity of Berzence where medieval settlement patterns, land use and economy have been reconstructed on the basis of historical sources and an archaeological field survey. A comprehensive review of architectural history and material culture of the Ottoman Period stronghold in Barcs was the other area under investigation. Research there was based on written sources and the archaeological assemblage recovered from the palisaded fort. Zooarchaeological research at this site revealed some significant culture historical aspects of this stronghold. Underwater archaeological investigations carried out in the Drava river itself and aerial exploration of the study areas also supplied valuable archaeological results.