Intermediaries in a technological knowledge network have recently been highlighted as crucial innovation drivers that accelerate
technological knowledge flows. Although the patent network analysis has been frequently used to monitor technological knowledge
structures, it has examined only sources or recipients of the technological knowledge by mainly estimating technological knowledge
inflows or outflows of a network node. This study, therefore, aims to identify technological knowledge intermediaries when
a technology-level knowledge network is composed of several industries. First, types of technological knowledge flows are
deductively classified into four types by highlighting industry affiliations of source technologies and recipient technologies.
Second, a directed technological knowledge network is generated at the technology class level, using patent co-classification
analysis. Third, for each class, mediating scores are measured according to the four types. The empirical analysis illustrates
the Korea’s technological knowledge network between 2000 and 2008. As a result, the four types of mediating scores are compared
between industries, and industry-wise technological knowledge intermediaries are identified. The proposed approach is practical
to explore converging processes in technology development where technology classes act as technological knowledge intermediaries
among diverse industries.
section 27(4) of the Trademark Act, as amended in 2005, provides enforcement against intermediaries whose services are used by a third party (that is usually the infringer itself) for the infringement. In the HYUNDAI case the registrars of the domain names, trusted by the resellers of cars having formerly been members of the HYUNDAI commercial chain in Hungary, were sued together with the resellers for the reason that they did not cancel the registration of the domain names after the commercial chain had been ceased. The Hungarian courts of first and second instance built their judgements on the ECJ’s BMW judgement (C-63/97). Emphasis is given also on a case relating to infringement by an operator of an Internet home page, as the latter was condemned by the Hungarian Court of first instance for not complying with the Act on Electronic Commerce. Nevertheless, the court of second instance condemned him not therefore but for the tort in respect of the provisions of the Civil Code, e.g. for injury of reputation. Finally, the article is closed by an outlook on ideas on the development of EC law relating to liability of intermediaries.
The challenges of interlinguistic and crosscultural communication at their extreme are epitomized in the initial contacts between Europeans and Aboriginal Australians. After sketching the linguistic encounters of the Australian continent’s original inhabitants with Asians and pre-settlement European explorers, this paper focuses on the circumstances, role and representations of the first identifiable Aboriginal interpreters — man, woman, child — in the early years of the colony. How do contact narratives represent interpreting and how might these fragmentary records — and their gaps and distortions — be interpreted through a close reading? Were the Aboriginal interpreters able to retake some of their lost agency by appropriating the colonizer’s language to their own purposes or manipulating the interpreting situations? Were they successful in bridging worlds, and how were they viewed by the two sides between which they mediated? This paper foregrounds these marginal figures who were nevertheless key linguistic and cultural mediators when the Indigenous oral societies grounded in a cosmology known as the Dreaming first encountered a society dominated by the English language and written forms and rooted in an alien worldview.
Authors:R. da Costa Lima, Magali Pinho, and T. Ogasawara
The focus of this work is the use of thermal analyses and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) for characterization
of the gel decomposition, resulting from the formation of Y-barium hexaferrite substituted by Zn ions (Zn-Y-barium hexaferrite).
Samples with Ba2Zn2Fe12O22 composition were synthesized by the citrate auto-combustion method. During the TG experiments the highest mass loss was attributed
to citrate decomposition owing to the self-combustion reaction, confirmed by the disappearance of –OH band, and the drastic
decrease of –CO2−and –NO3− bands. Zn substitution resulted in an X-band microwave absorber material.
Given extensive research collaboration in modern science, both at thenational and international level, one might wonder whether
the network ofresearchers within each discipline is now sufficiently meshed that a largeproportion of contributors to peer-reviewed
journals in a given field couldeither share joint publications or, more realistically, be connected throughchains of co-authorships.
Such is not the case yet in the fields of probabilityand statistics, however, as shown here using a large data base covering
9reknown journals from each of these two areas over the period 1986-1995.
Authors:Marcela Stoia, Mirela Barbu, Mircea Ştefănescu, Paul Barvinschi, and Lucian Barbu-Tudoran
controlled thermal treatment of these solutions has permitted for the isolation of intermediary solid products, used as precursors of the preferred mixed oxides: zinc, and magnesium chromites. The as-obtained precursors were characterized by FT
Authors:H. P. de Oliveira, J. Rieumont, C. Nogueiras, D. Souza, and R. Sánchez
amphiphilic block copolymers and with them to find new properties and potentialities for their use as compatibilizers, intermediary in the synthesis of triblock copolymers, drug carrier matrix, composites, and so on.
By submitting PE-b-80%PEO to an
Chao , R-F.
( 2014 b). Innovation strategies of local intermediary organizations for environmental protection: a case study of Green Island, Taiwan . The International Journal of Organizational Innovation , 7 ( 2 ), 87 – 97
structure are tools that are used to obtain knowledge and information, provide access to different types of resources and facilitate actions ( Efendic – Ledeneva 2020 ); they are intermediaries that individuals use in a series of regular or emergency
Authors:Mirela Barbu, Mircea Stefanescu, Marcela Stoia, Gabriela Vlase, and Paul Barvinschi
reacts with MgO with formation of the intermediary phase MgCrO 4 , which at ~600 °C decomposes to MgCr 2 O 4 [ 16 ].
The presence in the silica matrix of the complex combination and the behavior during the thermal treatment, have been studied