1 Introduction: Two types of externalities Internalizing some cost X that is externalized by party A onto party B is a natural economic and moral aim. From an economic standpoint, a negative externality is inefficiency because party A is not bearing
Fruits and vegetables can be transmission vehicles of human opportunistic and obligate pathogenic bacteria, persisting in inner tissues for shorter or longer periods or colonizing the plants as facultative endophytes. In this study we investigated the ability of commensal E. coli and pathogenic L. monocytogenes strains to internalize sweet pepper seedlings via seed bacterization, as germinating seeds and roots are important infiltration sites for entry of enteric bacteria. By combining cultivation dependent and independent (PCR and FISH-CLSM) techniques we could not detect stably or transiently colonized inoculated bacteria in 6–7 weeks old pepper seedlings, suggesting that there is low risk associated with internalized enteric or human pathogenic bacteria via germinating seeds in sweet pepper.
Authors:Cs. Jeney, Boglárka Banizs, Orsolya Dobay, and et al.
Prasmickaite, L., Hogset, A., Tjelle, T. E., Olsen, V. M. and Berg, K. 2000: Role of endosomes in gene transfection mediated by photochemical internalisation (PCI). J. Gene Med. 2 , 477-488.
Role of endosomes in gene transfection
In this article, the ability to efficiently apply internalised source-culture knowledge when solving cultural translation problems is analysed at different stages of acquisition of the translator's cultural competence by means of a cross-sectional, quasi-experimental study. Thirty-eight BA students from the first through fourth year studying Translation and Interpreting at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, as well as ten professional translators participated in this investigation. The subjects’ knowledge of German culture and their knowledge of a selection of cultural translation problems in a text were measured prior to its translation. The translation strategies employed by the subjects to solve these problems were recorded and classified using PACTE's (2017b) sequences of actions. The quality of the subjects' solutions to the cultural translation problems of the text was assessed with PACTE's (2017a) acceptability index. These data were combined to compute the source-culture knowledge application index. Results show that the students in all cohorts preferred to utilise information-seeking strategies even when they possessed cultural knowledge about a specific cultural translation problem, while the professional translators in this study were able to apply their internalised source-culture knowledge. The solutions proposed by both the translation students and the professional translators were of a higher quality when internalised source-culture knowledge was applied.
Authors:Ildikó Papp, Edit Czeglédi, and Ferenc Túry
internalization of appearance ideals . Journal of Adolescent Research, 19 (3), 323–339.
Keery, H., Van Den Berg, P., & Thompson, J.K. (2004). An evaluation of the Tripartite Influence Model of body dissatisfaction and eating disturbance
Authors:Álvaro Sicilia, Manuel Alcaraz-Ibáñez, María-Jesús Lirola, Rafael Burgueño, and Anthony Maher
understand the reasons that lead individuals to exercise and reasons that can explain EA.
The degree to which the regulation of the exercise behavior becomes internalized, i.e., the degree to which one synthesizes the social values of exercise and
Authors:Kornélia Szabó, Ferenc Túry, and Edit Czeglédi
Medical Journal, 319 (7223), 1467—1468.
Morry, M.M., & Staska, S.L. (2001). Magazine exposure: Internalization, self-objectification, eating attitudes, and body satisfaction in male and female university students. Canadian
Authors:Edit Czeglédi, Róbert Urbán, and Adrien Rigó
dissatisfaction among overweight women seeking weight loss.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70 (4),
, T. A., Crowther
, J. H. (2007) Sociocultural pressures, thin-ideal internalization