risk factors and consequences, commonalities exist between gambling and alcohol problems. Interventions, such as personalized feedback interventions (PFI) and personalized normative feedback (PNF) that have shown success with problem drinking may be
The principle of fair administration of justice requires that formal restrictions on initiating procedures before courts correspond to the right to access to a court. Based on the rule of law-Community law shall ensure that its provisions on the administration of justice are in accord with the fundamental law requirements established in Community law. The provisions on intervention before Community courts contain certain restraints on access to a court that are worth scrutinising on a fundamental right basis. The aim of the paper is threefold. First, it wishes to recover the jurisprudence of Community courts interpreting the conditions of intervention. Second, it attempts to reveal the jurisprudence of the Strasbourg and Luxembourg courts on access to justice with respect to formal restrictions. Third, it essays to implement the access to court test on the restraints of access to justice in intervention.
Obesity is an important risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. Dietary intervention combined with life style changes were implemented in other countries and proved to be effective. Previously, there were no similar Hungarian experiences.The aim of our study was to screen overweight and obese patients in primary care settings, to involve them in an interventional program and to analyse the expected changes in the laboratory and anthropometric parameters.From 29 primary care practices, 2489 overweight or obese patients were recruited between April of 2004 and 2006.The characteristics of living circumstances, life style, eating and exercise habits were explored by questionnaire. Regular energy intake was counted and compared to estimated requirements. Metabolic and anthropometric parameters were measured. Experienced multi-disciplinary staff was involved, including internist, family physicians, dietetitian, experienced nurses and physical instructors. The interventions were: dietary (recommendation of low calorie diet) and increasing physical activity.One year later the body mass index decreased significantly by 0.56 kg m−2 average and remained about the same by the end of the second year. There was only a small decrease in waist circumference. The rest systolic blood pressure decreased significantly on average 5.9 mmHg by the end of the first year, while decrease in resting diastolic blood pressure was less. All metabolic parameters, except HDL-cholesterol decreased significantly: total cholesterol: by 0.23 mmol l−1, trigliceride: by 0.18 mmol l−1, blood glucose: by 0.15 mmol l−1.Primary care intervention proved to be effective. Better outcomes would be expected, when more resources, more focus in the media, more support from health authorities and sufficient manpower was available.
points of the food chain, in line with the structure of industry and the diverse prevalence. Multiple intervention points can be identified through the food chain, e.g. reduction of the levels of Campylobacter contamination in flocks and in fresh
for oxygen (VEO 2 )] were recorded from the beginning of the steady state until the total exhaustion each 20 s. Between the two measurements, a 6-week intervention took place.
Endurance training (E)
The players performed two
, such as social isolation and psychological distress, may continue to impact their well-being long after the gambling behavior has ceased ( Langham et al., 2016 ).
The aforementioned diversity of harms highlights the need for interventions
Coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) may rarely develop following percutaneous coronary intervention. Among them, coronary pseudoaneurysms (CPAs) are more frequently observed. Symptomatic and large CPAs carry risk of