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Bevezetés: A Semmelweis Egyetemen 2006 óta elektronikus tesztvizsgáztatás történik az egészségügyi informatika területét felölelő tantárgyakból. A kitöltött tesztsorok statisztikai analízisével vizsgálható a vizsgáztatás (tudásmérés) megbízhatósága, továbbá javítható az oktatási folyamat (tudásátadás) minősége és hatékonysága. Célkitűzés: A Semmelweis Egyetemen oktatott egészségügyi informatika tantárgy vizsgaeredményeit tartalmazó adatbázis analíziseredményeinek felhasználásával a szerzők célul tűzték ki olyan oktatási módszertanra vonatkozó javaslatnak a kidolgozását, amely a vizsgáztatási gyakorlatba is beépíthető. Módszer: A 2006 óta rendelkezésre álló adatokat (2801 hallgató 4933 elektronikus vizsgalapját) mind a vizsgakérdések, mind a vizsgaeredmények szintjén statisztikai módszerekkel vizsgálták, az eredményeket oktatásmódszertani megközelítésből értékelték. Eredmények: Megállapították, hogy a vizsgaeredményekben fokozatos javuló tendencia figyelhető meg. Azonosították azokat a vizsgakérdéseket, amelyeket célszerű átdolgozni vagy kihagyni a vizsgáztatásból, mivel a hallgatók tárgyi tudását nem mérik. Következtetések: A vizsgaeredmények analízise hasznos információt ad a leadott tudásanyag összeállításáról, annak befogadásáról, elsajátításáról, alkalmazhatóságáról. Szükséges a vizsgaeredmények folyamatos monitorozása, mivel pozitív visszacsatolással bír a tudástranszfer-folyamat minőségének javítására, az ellenőrzésére. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154, 1269–1276.

Open access
Scientometrics
Authors:
Ed Rinia
,
Thed van Leeuwen
,
Eppo Bruins
,
Hendrik van Vuren
, and
Anthony van Raan

Abstract  

In this paper we report on the results of an exploratory study of knowledge exchange between disciplines and subfields of science, based on bibliometric methods. The goal of this analysis is twofold. Firstly, we consider knowledge exchange between disciplines at a global level, by analysing cross-disciplinary citations in journal articles, based on the world publication output in 1999. Among others a central position of the Basic Life Sciences within the Life Sciences and of Physics within the Exact Sciences is shown. Limitations of analyses of interdisciplinary impact at the journal level are discussed. A second topic is a discussion of measures which may be used to quantify the rate of knowledge transfer between fields and the importance of work in a given field or for other disciplines. Two measures are applied, which appear to be proper indicators of impact of research on other fields. These indicators of interdisciplinary impact may be applied at other institutional levels as well.

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between research and the knowledge-transfer activities of academics in ‘catch-up’ countries is far less well explored than the relationship between public science and industrial innovation. South Korea (hereafter Korea) is well known as one of the

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Abstract  

The use of references of patent search reports as transfer indications needs a good theoretical understanding of the underlying examination procedures. On this background, different patent indicators based on sample patents and on respective references can be established and combined to a network which gives an interesting insight into the complex process of knowledge transfer from science to technology.

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not have an elaborate knowledge transfer system. However, successful knowledge transfer is not easy ( Argote et al. 2000 ). It should be stated that the terms ‘knowledge transfer’ and ‘knowledge sharing’ are not always differentiated in the literature

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) emphasises that the constructivist approach also recognises one-way teacher communication, as the “knowledge transfer”, frontal method allows children to shift concepts to acquire a higher level of cognitive system. According to Nahalka (2002) , the

Open access

Abstract  

The development of a set of bibliometric tools to contribute to the assessment and monitoring of utility of university and non-university research institutes to society is described. Trade publications were weighted according to the utility of the journals for relevant nonscientific user groups. Furthermore, one indicator addresses the extent to which a general or a specific type of audience is addressed. Results are shown for one university and one university department. In general, validation interviews show that the indicator provide a good first estimation of the potential effectivity of the knowledge transfer efforts by means of publications in trade journals to practice and policy bodies.

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A hallgatók közötti tudásátadás vetületei egy gazdasági felsőoktatási intézményben

Aspects of Knowledge Transfer between Students in a Business Higher Education Institution

Educatio
Authors:
Aidana Kusmangazynova
,
Tímea Juhász
, and
Csilla Czeglédi

, M. & Kim, B. (2017) Motivation, opportunity, and ability in knowledge transfer: A social network approach. Knowledge Management Research & Practice , Vol. 15. No. 2. pp. 214–224. 14 Kazár K. (2014) A PLS

Open access

In international business practice, subcontracting is an unbalanced form of co-operation. It can bring serious negative effects for partners from less developed countries because of the strong onesided dependence on the “developed” partner. International experience, e.g. in the maquiladora region suggests that degradation of corporate activities, low profitability, technological dependence, loss of own production and shrinking market presence of own products may characterise many firms, and even whole industries or regions. These firms, regions and industries often become isolated from the national economy. Therefore, potential positive modernisation effects may also be “locked” in the subcontracting firm not spreading in the economy.

Hungarian experience with subcontracting was somewhat different already in the 1970s and 1980s. Companies concluded subcontracts with more developed Western partners in order to gain access to up-to-date technology and know-how, new markets and new products. Many of them incorporated the acquired knowledge with success. During the 1990s subcontracting was the driving force of corporate modernisation, since former development sources (primarily state subsidies) dried up. Many firms chose the new option of adjustment strategy. The efforts of Hungarian companies to integrate into the international division of labour coincided with the substantial change of subcontracting deals on world markets. Subcontracting became a form of outsourcing and changed to a long-term, network-type of co-operation form with considerable knowledge transfer.

This study presents the results of an empirical survey. The Department of Business Economics of the Budapest University of Economics and Public Administration carried out two rounds of interviews in more than 300 companies both in 1996 and 1999. The survey revealed some new features of international subcontracting patterns and found some evidence of modernisation impacts subcontracting has on Hungarian corporate strategies.

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capacity is relative. This dyadic and relative perspective has opened important research concerned particularly to knowledge and learning: R&D spending on knowledge transfer (Mowery et al. 1996 ), Knowledge overlapped in knowledge transfer (Mowery

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